Voiced retroflex click

Voiced retroflex click
Kirshenbaum d.!

The voiced retroflex click is a click consonant is a rare click consonant. There is no symbol for it in the International Phonetic Alphabet, but one can be derived with a diacritic, ǃ̬˞ or ᶢǃ˞. The Beach convention is ᶢ‼, and this use used in practical orthography.


Features of the voiced retroflex click:

  • The airstream mechanism is lingual ingressive (also known as velaric ingressive), which means a pocket of air trapped between two closures is rarefied by a "sucking" action of the tongue, rather than being moved by the glottis or the lungs/diaphragm. The release of the forward closure produces the "click" sound. Voiced and nasal clicks have a simultaneous pulmonic egressive airstream.
  • Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.


The voiced retroflex click is only confirmed from a single language, Central !Kung.

Central !Kung g‼ú[ᶢǃ˞ ú] = [‼̬ ú]'water'


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