Voiced bilabial stop

Voiced bilabial stop
b
IPA number 102
Encoding
Entity (decimal) b
Unicode (hex) U+0062
X-SAMPA b
Kirshenbaum b
Braille
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The voiced bilabial stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is b, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is b. The voiced bilabial stop occurs in English, and it is the sound denoted by the letter b in boy. Many Indian languages, such as Hindustani, have a two-way contrast between breathy voiced /bʱ/ and plain /b/.

Features

Features of the voiced bilabial stop:

  • Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.

Varieties

IPADescription
bplain b
labialised
b̜ʷsemi-labialised
b̹ʷstrongly labialised
palatalised
breathy voiced

Occurrence

LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
Adygheбгъу [bʁʷə] 'nine'
ArabicStandard[1]كتب[ˈkatabɐ]'he wrote'See Arabic phonology
Assyrian Neo-Aramaicbaba[baːba]'father'
ArmenianEastern[2]բարի [bɑˈɾi] 'kind'
Basquebero[beɾo]'hot'
Bengaliলো[bɔlo]'say!'Contrasts with aspirated form. See Bengali phonology
Catalan[3]bèstia[ˈbɛstiə]'beast'See Catalan phonology
ChineseSouthern Min[ban]'Fujian province'Only in colloquial speech.
Wu[bi]'skin'
Xiang[bau]'to float'
Czechbota[ˈbota]'boot'See Czech phonology
Dutch[4]boer[buːr]'farmer'See Dutch phonology
Englishaback [əˈbæk]'aback'See English phonology
Esperanto batalo [baˈtalo]'war'See Esperanto phonology
Filipinobuto[buto]'bone'
French[5]boue[bu]'mud'See French phonology
Georgian[6]ავშვი[ˈbavʃvi]'child'
GermanBub[buːp]'boy'See Standard German phonology
Greekμπόχα / bócha[ˈbo̞xa]'reek'See Modern Greek phonology
Gujaratiક્રી[bəkri]'goat'See Gujarati phonology
Hebrewבית[bajit]'house'See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hindiबाल[bɑːl]'hair'Contrasts with aspirated version . See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Hungarianbaba[ˈbɒbɒ]'baby'See Hungarian phonology
Italian[7]bile[ˈbile]'rage'See Italian phonology
Japanese[8] / ban[baɴ]'(one's) turn'See Japanese phonology
Kabardianбгъуы [bʁʷə] 'nine'
Korean지붕 / jibung[t͡ɕibuŋ]'roof'See Korean phonology
Luxembourgish[9]geblosen[ɡə̹ˈbloːzə̹n]'blown'More often voiceless [p].[9] See Luxembourgish phonology
Macedonianубав[ˈubav]'beautiful'See Macedonian phonology
Malaybaru[bäru]'new'
Maltesegħatba[aːtˈba]'threshold'
Marathiटाटा[bəˈʈaːʈaː]'potato'See Marathi phonology
Norwegianbål[ˈbɔːl]'bonfire'See Norwegian phonology
Persianخوب[xub]'good'See Persian phonology
Pirahãpibaóí[ˈpìbàóí̯]'parent'
Polish[10]bas [bäs] 'bass'See Polish phonology
Portuguese[11]bato[ˈbatʊ]'I strike'See Portuguese phonology
Punjabiਬਿੱਲੀ[bɪlːi]'cat'
Romanian[12]bou[bow]'bull'See Romanian phonology.
Russian[13]рыба[ˈrɨbə]'fish'Contrasts with palatalized form. See Russian phonology
Slovakb[bi̞c̟]'to be'
Spanish[14]invertir[ĩmbe̞ɾˈt̪iɾ]'to invest'See Spanish phonology
Swedishbra[ˈbɾɑː]'good'May be an approximant in casual speech. See Swedish phonology
Turkishbulut[ˈbuɫut̪]'cloud'See Turkish phonology
Ukrainian[15]брат[ˈbrɑt̪]'brother'See Ukrainian phonology
Urduبال[bɑːl]'hair'Contrasts with aspirated version(بھ). See Hindi-Urdu phonology
West Frisianbak [bak]'tray'
Yi/bbo[bo˧]'mountain'
ZapotecTilquiapan[16]bald[bal͡d]'few'

See also

Notes

References

  • Carbonell, Joan F.; Llisterri, Joaquim (1992), "Catalan", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 22 (1–2): 53–56, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004618 
  • Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena (1995), "European Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 25 (2): 90–94, doi:10.1017/S0025100300005223 
  • Danyenko, Andrii; Vakulenko, Serhii (1995), Ukrainian, Lincom Europa, ISBN 9783929075083 
  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company 
  • Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 23 (2): 73–76, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004874 
  • Gilles, Peter; Trouvain, Jürgen (2013), "Luxembourgish" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 43 (1): 67–74, doi:10.1017/S0025100312000278 
  • Gussenhoven, Carlos (1992), "Dutch", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 22 (2): 45–47, doi:10.1017/S002510030000459X 
  • Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 33 (1): 103–107, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001191 
  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 33 (2): 255–259, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001373 
  • Merrill, Elizabeth (2008), "Tilquiapan Zapotec" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 38 (1): 107–114, doi:10.1017/S0025100308003344 
  • Okada, Hideo (1991), "Phonetic Representation:Japanese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 21 (2): 94–97, doi:10.1017/S002510030000445X 
  • Padgett, Jaye (2003), "Contrast and Post-Velar Fronting in Russian", Natural Language & Linguistic Theory, 21 (1): 39–87, doi:10.1023/A:1021879906505 
  • Rogers, Derek; d'Arcangeli, Luciana (2004), "Italian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 34 (1): 117–121, doi:10.1017/S0025100304001628 
  • Shosted, Ryan K.; Vakhtang, Chikovani (2006), "Standard Georgian" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 36 (2): 255–264, doi:10.1017/S0025100306002659 
  • Thelwall, Robin (1990), "Illustrations of the IPA: Arabic", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 20 (2): 37–41, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004266 
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