Visa requirements for Cuban citizens

Visa requirements for Cuban citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Cuba. As of 10 July 2018, Cuban citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 65 countries and territories, ranking the Cuban passport 73rd in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements

Visa requirements for holders of ordinary passports travelling for tourism purposes:

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa required[3]
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa required[5]
 Angola eVisa[6][7] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa are then issued with a visa on arrival at Luanda International Airport.[8][9]
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[10]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[11] 1 month
  • Extendable up to 6 months.
 Argentina Visa required[12]
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[13] 120 days
 Australia Visa required[14]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[15]
 Austria Visa required[16]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[17] 30 days[18]
 Bahamas Visa required[19]
 Bahrain eVisa[20][21]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[22] 30 days
  • Extensions possible.
  • Visitors must hold a proof of purpose of stay.
  • Sufficient funds of 500 USD required.
 Barbados Visa not required[23] 28 days
 Belarus Visa not required[24] 30 days
 Belgium Visa required[25]
 Belize Visa required[26]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[27][28] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[29]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[30] 90 days[31]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[32]
 Botswana Visa not required[33] 90 days[34]
  • Extensions possible (if applied prior to arrival).
  • Applications for stays of more than 90 days should be directed to Immigration and Passport Control Office, P.O. Box 942, Gaborone, Botswana.
 Brazil Visa required[35]
 Brunei Visa required[36]
 Bulgaria Visa required[37]
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[38] 1 month
  • Extensions possible.
  • Fees: Single entry: XOF 47,000.-; Multiple entry: XOF 61,000.-
 Burundi Visa required[39]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[40] 30 days
  • Extensions possible.
  • Fees: USD 30.- for tourists; extension fee varies according to length.
  • Visitors must hold a passport photo.
  • Day trips are not permitted, except when arriving and departing in Phnom Penh International Airport (PNH).
 Cameroon Visa required[41]
 Canada Visa required[42]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[43]
  • Fee: EUR 25.-
 Central African Republic Visa required[44]
 Chad Visa required[45]
 Chile Visa required[46]
 China Visa required[47]
 Colombia Visa required[48]
  • May apply online.[49]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[50]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[51]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[52]
 Costa Rica Visa required[53]
 Côte d'Ivoire Visa required[54]
 Croatia Visa required[55]
 Cyprus Visa required[56]
 Czech Republic Visa required[57]
 Denmark Visa required[58]
 Djibouti eVisa[59] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[60] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa required[61]
 Ecuador Visa required[62]
 Egypt Visa on arrival[63]
 El Salvador Visa required[64]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[65]
 Eritrea Visa required[66]
 Estonia Visa required[67]
 Ethiopia Visa on arrival[68]
 Fiji Visa required[69]
 Finland Visa required[70]
 France Visa required[71]
 Gabon eVisa[72]
 Gambia Visa not required[73] 90 days
 Georgia eVisa[74] 90 days
 Germany Visa required[75]
 Ghana Visa required[76]
 Greece Visa required[77]
 Grenada Visa not required[78] 60 days[79]
 Guatemala Visa required[80]
 Guinea Visa not required[81]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[82] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[83][84] 90 days
 Haiti Visa required[85]
 Honduras Visa required[86]
 Hungary Visa required[87]
 Iceland Visa required[88]
 India e-Visa[89] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 25 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][90]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
  • Printed copy of the e-Tourist Visa required on arrival.
 Indonesia Visa not required[91][92] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[93] 15 days
 Iraq Visa required[94]
 Ireland Visa required[95]
 Israel Visa required[96]
 Italy Visa required[97]
 Jamaica Visa required[98]
 Japan Visa required[99]
 Jordan Visa required[100]
 Kazakhstan Visa required[101]
  • A visa-free agreement (30 days within year period) was signed with Kazakhstan in December 2015 and is yet to be ratified.
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[102] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[103]
 North Korea Visa required[104]
 South Korea Visa required[105]
 Kuwait Visa required[106]
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[107] Unlimited
 Laos Visa on arrival[108] 30 days
  • Conditions apply.
  • Available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[109]
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa required[110]
 Lebanon Visa required[111]
 Lesotho eVisa[112][113]
 Liberia Visa required[114]
 Libya Visa required[115]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[116]
 Lithuania Visa required[117]
 Luxembourg Visa required[118]
 Macedonia Visa not required[119] 90 days
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[120] 90 days
 Malawi Visa required[121]
 Malaysia Visa not required[122] 90 days
 Maldives Visa on arrival[123] 30 days[124]
 Mali Visa required[125]
 Malta Visa required[126]
 Marshall Islands Visa required[127]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[128]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[129] 60 days
 Mexico Visa required[130]
 Micronesia Visa not required[131] 30 days
 Moldova Visa required[132]
 Monaco Visa required[133]
 Mongolia Visa not required[134] 90 days
 Montenegro Visa not required[135] 30 days
 Morocco Visa required[136]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[137] 30 days
 Myanmar Visa required[138]
 Namibia Visa not required[139] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[140]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[141] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[142]
 New Zealand Visa required[143]
 Nicaragua Visa required[144]
 Niger Visa required[145]
 Nigeria Visa required[146]
 Norway Visa required[147]
 Oman Visa required[148]
 Pakistan Visa required[149]
 Palau Visa on arrival[150] 30 days
 Panama Visa required[151]
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[152]
 Paraguay Visa required[153]
 Peru Visa required[154]
 Philippines Visa required[155]
 Poland Visa required[156]
 Portugal Visa required[157]
 Qatar Free visa on arrival[158] 30 days *Available at Hamad International Airport.
 Romania Visa required[159]
 Russia Visa not required[160] 30 days
  • Visa waiver agreement for 90 days within any 180 day period was signed 22 May 2018 but not yet ratified.[161]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[162] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[163] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[164] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[165] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[166] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[167]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[168][169]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[170]
 Senegal Visa required[171]
 Serbia Visa not required[172] 90 days
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[173] 3 months[124]
 Sierra Leone Visa required[174]
 Singapore Visa not required[175] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa required[176]
 Slovenia Visa required[177]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[178]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[179] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[180]
 South Sudan Visa required[181]
 Spain Visa required[182]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[183] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[184]
 Suriname Tourist card on arrival[185] 90 days
  • Tourist cards can be purchased at Paramaribo International Airport (PBM).
 Swaziland Visa required[186]
 Sweden Visa required[187]
  Switzerland Visa required[188]
 Syria Visa required[189]
 Tajikistan eVisa[190][191] 45 days.
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points.
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[192]
 Thailand Visa required[193]
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[194] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[195] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[196]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[197] 90 days
 Tunisia Visa required[198]
 Turkey Visa required[199]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[200]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[201] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[202] May apply online.[203]
 Ukraine Visa required[204]
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[205]
 United Kingdom Visa required[206]
 United States Visa required[207]
  • On 29 September 2017, the US halted processing of all visas except family reunification visas at its embassy in Havana, Cuba.[208]
 Uruguay Visa required[209]
 Uzbekistan Visa required[210]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[211] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa required[212]
 Venezuela Visa required[213]
 Vietnam eVisa[214] 30 days[215]
 Yemen Visa required[216]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[217] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[218] 3 months

Non-visa restrictions

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[219] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[220] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela and Vietnam.[221]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months beyond the period of intended stay include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom), Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (and always excepting EU/EEA/Swiss nationals), Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, New Zealand and 3 months validity on arrival in Albania, Honduras, Macedonia, Panama, Qatar and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the period of intended stay include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[222][223] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[224]

Blank passport pages

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[225] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has recently visited one.[226]

Israeli stamps

Kuwait,[227] Lebanon,[228] Libya,[229] Saudi Arabia,[230] Sudan,[231] Syria[232] and Yemen[233] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [234] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[235][236] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[237] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these occupied territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[238] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[239] As of April 2018 the list contains 710 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record

Some countries (for example, Canada and the United States and Fiji [240]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity. Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[241]

Fingerprinting

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[242]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[243][244] Argentina,[245] Brunei, Cambodia,[246] China when entering through Shenzhen airport,[247] Ethiopia,[248] Ghana, India, Japan,[249][250] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[251] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[252] Singapore, South Korea,[253] and Taiwan.[254]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors that need to apply for a visa.[255][256]

See also

References and Notes

References
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Notes
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)
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