Vietnamese military ranks and insignia

Vietnamese military ranks and insignia are specified by the National Assembly of Vietnam through Law on Vietnam People's Army Officer (No: 6-LCT/HĐNN7) on 30 December 1981.[1][2]

The Vietnam People's Army distinguishes three careerpaths: Officers (sĩ quan), non-commissioned officers (hạ sĩ quan), and enlisted members (chiến sĩ).

Because the shoulder insignia of all ranks are represented by an elongated pentagonal epaulette, they are, hence, either detailed or colour-coded to indicate rank, branch, as well as unit.

The shoulder epaulettes from those of enlisted soldiers to field officers are detailed with a silver crest with an encircled silver star. Those of generals and admirals have fully golden epaulettes with corresponding golden crests and encircled stars.

Ranks can show information about branches of military personnel.

Hem Colour of the ranks can show branches:

  • Army (ground forces): red
  • Air Force/ Air defence: azure
  • Navy: dark-purple
  • Border Defence: green
  • Coast Guard: blue.

Army-Air Force-Navy ranks have background are yellow.

Border Defense Force's ranks have background is dark-green and hem colour is red.

Coast Guard's ranks have background is blue and hem colour is yellow.

Table of ranks

Officers

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army, navy, air force, border guard and marine police respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer
Vietnam
(Edit)
General of the Army
(Đại tướng)
Colonel general
(Thượng tướng)
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Brigadier
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
First Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Aspirant
(Chuẩn úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent
Admiral
(Đô đốc)
Vice Admiral
(Phó Đô đốc)
Rear Admiral
(Chuẩn Đô đốc)
Commodore
(Đại tá)
Captain
(Thượng tá)
Commander
(Trung tá)
Lieutenant Commander
(Thiếu tá)
Lieutenant
(Đại úy)
Sub-lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant junior grade
(Trung úy)
Ensign
(Thiếu úy)
Aspirant
(Chuẩn úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent
Colonel general
(Thượng tướng)
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Brigadier
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
First Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Aspirant
(Chuẩn úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Vietnam No equivalent
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Brigadier
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
First Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Aspirant
(Chuẩn úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Vietnam No equivalent
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Brigadier
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
First Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Aspirant
(Chuẩn úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D) and student officer

Enlisted

The rank insignia for enlisted for the army, navy, air force, border guard and marine police respectively.

Equivalent
NATO Code
OR-9OR-8OR-7OR-6OR-5OR-4OR-3OR-2OR-1
Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent No equivalent
No equivalent
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Private First Class
Binh nhất
Private
Binh nhì
Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent No equivalent
No equivalent
Chief petty officer
Thượng sĩ
Petty officer 1st class
Trung sĩ
Petty officer 2nd class
Hạ sĩ
Leading Seaman
Binh nhất
Seaman
Binh nhì
Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent No equivalent
No equivalent
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Leading Aircraftman
Binh nhất
Aircraftman
Binh nhì
Vietnam No equivalent No equivalent
No equivalent
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Private First Class
Binh nhất
Private
Binh nhì
Vietnam No equivalent No equivalent
No equivalent
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Private First Class
Binh nhất
Private
Binh nhì
Equivalent
NATO Code
OR-9OR-8OR-7OR-6OR-5OR-4OR-3OR-2OR-1

Lapels

Level Ground Forces Air Force Navy Border Defence Coast Guard (Marine Police)
General Officers
Field Grade Officers
Company Grade Officers

See also

References

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