Université libre de Bruxelles
|Latin: Universitas Bruxellensis|
|Motto||Scientia vincere tenebras|
Motto in English
|Conquering darkness with knowledge|
|Type||Independent/Partly state funded|
|Campus||Solbosch, Plaine, Erasme, Gosselies|
It was established in 1834 by Belgian lawyer Pierre-Théodore Verhaegen, it is one of the most important Belgian universities. A major research center open to Europe and the world, it has about 24,200 students, 33% of whom come from abroad, and an equally cosmopolitan staff. In 2018, ULB was globally ranked 175th by The Times Higher Education, 151th by Shanghai Ranking (AWRU).
Brussels has two universities whose names mean Free University of Brussels in English: the French-speaking Université libre de Bruxelles and the Dutch-speaking Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). Neither uses the English translation, since it is ambiguous.
When the Belgian State was formed in 1830 by nine breakaway provinces from the Kingdom of the Netherlands, it had three state universities, in Ghent, Liège and Leuven, but no university in the new capital, Brussels. Since the government was reluctant to fund another state university, a group of Freemasons and intellectuals led by Pierre-Théodore Verhaegen and Auguste Baron planned to create a private university, which was permitted under the Belgian Constitution. After the Catholic Church sponsored the foundation of the Catholic University of Mechlin in 1834, the Université libre de Belgique (Free University of Belgium) opened on 20 November 1834. In 1836, it changed its name to Université libre de Bruxelles.
As part of its commitment to academic freedom, the ULB closed down in 1941 rather than collaborate with the Nazi occupation of Belgium.
Since 1935, some courses have been taught in both French and Dutch. Beginning in 1963, all faculties offered courses in both languages. In October 1969, shortly after the language dispute at the Catholic University of Leuven, the French and Dutch entities of the ULB separated into two distinct universities. With the act of 28 May 1970, the Vrije Universiteit Brussel and the Université libre de Bruxelles officially became two separate legal, administrative and scientific entities.
The ULB comprises three main campuses: the Solbosch campus, on the territories of Brussels and Ixelles municipalities in the Brussels-Capital Region, the Plaine campus in Ixelles, and the Erasmus campus in Anderlecht, beside the Erasmus Hospital.
The main and largest campus of the university is the Solbosch, which hosts the administration and general services of the university. It also includes most of the faculties of the humanities, the École polytechnique, the large library of social sciences, and among the museums of the ULB, the Museum of Zoology and Anthropology, the Allende exhibition room and the M. De Ghelderode Museum.
The Plaine campus hosts the Faculty of Science and the Faculty of Pharmacy. There are also the Experimentariums of physics and chemistry, the Museum of Medicinal Plants and Pharmacy and student housing. This site is served by the metro station: Delta.
The Erasmus campus houses the Erasmus Hospital and the Pôle Santé, the Faculty of Medicine, the School of Public Health and the Faculty of Motor Sciences. There is also the School of Nursing (with the Haute école libre de Bruxelles - Ilya Prigogine), the Museum of Medicine and the Museum of Human Anatomy and Embryology. This site is served by the metro station: Erasmus.
The university also has buildings and activities in the Brussels municipality of Auderghem, as well as outside Brussels, namely in Charleroi on the Aéropole Science Park and in Parentville, Treignes and Nivelles.
Faculties, schools and institute
University of California, Berkeley, University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, Université de Montréal, Waseda University, Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, BeiHang University, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Université de Lausanne, Université de Genève, University Ouaga I Pr. Joseph Ki-Zerbo, University of Lubumbashi
|Faculty or Institute||Bachelor's degrees||Master's degrees||Complementary master's degrees|
|Faculty of Architecture||Architecture||Architecture|
|Faculty of Philosophy and Letters||Ancient Languages and Literature:|
1. Classic orientation;
2. Oriental orientation
|Ancient Languages and Literature:
1. Classic orientation (1 or 2 years)
2. Oriental orientation (1 or 2 years)
|African Languages and Cultures|
|Pedagogy in Higher Education|
|Art History and Archaeology||Art History and Archaeology (1 or 2 years)|
|Art History and Archaeology: Musicology||Art History and Archaeology: Musicology (1 or 2 years)|
|French and Roman Languages and Literature||Cultural Management|
|Information and Communication||French and Roman Languages and Literature (1 or 2 years)|
|Modern Languages and Literature||French and Roman Languages and Literature: French Foreign Language|
|Modern Languages and Literature:|
1. General orientation
2. Germanic orientation
3. Oriental orientation
4. Slavic orientation
|History (1 or 2 years)|
|Philosophy||Information and Communication (1 or 2 years)|
|Religious and Secular Studies||Information and Communication Sciences and Technologies|
|Modern Languages and Literature (1 or 2 years)|
|Modern Languages and Literature:|
1. Arab orientation
2. Germanic orientation (1 or 2 years)
3. Oriental orientation (1 or 2 years)
4. Slavic orientation (1 or 2 years)
|Philosophy (1 or 2 years)|
|Religious and Secular Studies|
|Faculty of Law and Criminological Science||Law||Criminology||Economic Law|
|Public and Administrative Law|
|Faculty of Psychological Science, and of Education||Psychology and Educational Sciences||Educational Sciences||Pedagogy in Higher Education|
|Psychology and Educational Sciences: Speech Therapy||Psychology||Psychoanalytic Theories|
|Speech Therapy||Risk Management and Well-being at Work|
|Faculty of Sciences
(recently absorbed the Institute of Environment Gestion (IGEAT))
|Chemistry||Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology|
|Computer Sciences||Bioengineering: Agricultural Sciences|
|Engineering: Bioengineering||Bioengineering: Chemistry and Bio-industries|
|Geography||Bioengineering: Environmental Sciences and Technologies|
|Geology||Bioinformatics and Modeling|
|Mathematics||Biology (1 year)|
|Physics||Chemistry (1 or 2 years)|
|Sciences (Polyvalent first year)||Computer Sciences (1 or 2 years)|
|Environmental Sciences and Management (1 or 2 years)|
|Geography (1 or 2 years)|
|Geology (1 or 2 years)|
|Mathematics (1 or 2 years)|
|Organismal Biology and Ecology|
|Physics (1 or 2 years)|
|Tourism Sciences and Management (1 or 2 years)|
|Faculty of Applied Sciences/Polytechnic School||Engineering: Bioengineering||Bioengineering: Agricultural Sciences||Conservation and Restoration of Immovable Cultural Heritage|
|Engineering: Civil||Bioengineering: Chemistry and Bio-industries||Nanotechnology|
|Engineering: Civil Architect||Bioengineering: Environmental Sciences and Technologies||Nuclear Engineering|
|Civil Engineering: Architectural||Transportation Management|
|Civil Engineering: Biomedical||Urban and Regional Planning|
|Civil Engineering: Chemistry and Material Science|
|Civil Engineering: Computer|
|Civil Engineering: Constructions|
|Civil Engineering: Electrical|
|Civil Engineering: Electro-mechanical|
|Civil Engineering: Mechanical|
|Civil Engineering: Physicist|
|Faculty of Medicine||Biomedical Sciences||Biomedical Sciences|
|Institute of Pharmacy||Pharmaceutical Sciences||Biomedical Sciences||Clinical Biology (for pharmacists)|
|Pharmaceutical Sciences||Hospital Pharmacy|
|Faculty of Social and Political Sciences||Human and Social Science||Anthropology|
|Political Science||Human Resources Management|
|Sociology and Anthropology||Political Science (1 or 2 years)|
|Political Science: International Relations|
|Population and Development|
|Sociology and Anthropology (1 year)|
|Work Science (1 or 2 years)|
|Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management||Business Engineering||Business Engineering||Industrial Management and Technology|
|Economics||Economics (1 or 2 years)||Microfinance|
|Institute of European Studies||European Studies||European Law|
|Interdisciplinary Analysis of European Construction|
Notable alumni and faculty
- Vũ Đức Đam (b. 1963), politician, current Deputy Prime Minister of Vietnam.
- Amer Husni Lutfi (b. 1956), economics, politician, Syrian minister of economy and trade.
- Jules Anspach (1829–1879), law, politician, Mayor of Brussels.
- Amir Abbas Hoveida, Iranian Prime Minister
- Count Richard Goblet d'Alviella, Belgian businessman
- Philippe Autier, epidemiologist and clinical oncologist
- Zénon-M. Bacq, radiobiologist, laureate of the 1948 Francqui Prize
- Radu Bălescu, Romanian and Belgian physicist, laureate of the 1970 Francqui Prize
- Didier Bellens, economics, CEO of Belgacom
- Bahadir Kaleagasi, European law & economics, International co-ordinator of TUSIAD
- Jules Bordet, physician, laureate of the 1919 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- Karel Bossart, aeronautical engineer, designer of the SM-65 Atlas
- Jean Brachet (1909–1998), medicine, biochemist
- Robert Brout, Belgian physicist, laureate of the 2004 Wolf Prize
- Jean Bourgain, Belgian mathematician, laureate of the 1994 Fields Medal
- Heidi Cruz, wife of US presidential candidate Ted Cruz
- Herman De Croo, law, politician
- Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician, laureate of the 1978 Fields Medal
- Henri De Page (1894–1969), law, professor in law, generally seen as the most important Belgian lawyer ever.
- Antoine Depage, Belgian surgeon
- Lodewijk De Raet, Belgian economist and politician
- Mathias Dewatripont, Belgian economist, laureate of the 1998 Francqui Prize
- François Englert, Belgian physicist, laureate of the 2004 Wolf Prize, laureate of the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics
- Jacques Errera, Belgian physicochemist, laureate of the 1938 Francqui Prize
- Louis Franck, Belgian lawyer, liberal politician and statesman
- Matyla Ghyka, Romanian poet, novelist, mathematician, historian, and diplomat
- Michel Goldman, Belgian immunologist
- Nico Gunzburg (1882–1984), lawyer and criminologist.
- Camille Gutt (1884–1971), law, first Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund
- Marc Henneaux, Belgian physicist, laureate of the 2000 Francqui Prize
- Enver Hoxha, Albanian politician, leader of Communist Albania
- Jeton Kelmendi, Albanian writer, laureate of the 2010 International Solenzara Prize
- Julius Hoste Jr., Belgian businessman and leading Flemish liberal politician
- Paul Janson (1840–1913), liberal politician.
- Daniel Janssen, engineer, businessman
- Henri La Fontaine, Belgian lawyer, laureate of the 1913 Nobel Prize for Peace
- Jacques-François Lai, Belgian Nuclear Physicist
- Adrien-Jean Le Mayeur, Belgian painter residing in Bali, Indonesia
- Maurice Lippens, Belgian businessman
- Lucien Lison, Belgian and Brazilian physician and biochemist, the father of histochemistry.
- Paul Magnette, Belgian political scientist, laureate of the 2000 Exceptional Francqui Prize for European Research
- Adolphe Max (1869–1939), law, politician, Mayor of Brussels from 1909 until his death.
- Françoise Meunier, medicine, Director General of the EORTC.
- Constantin Mille, Romanian socialist militant and journalist
- Axel Miller, Belgian businessman, CEO of Dexia
- Roland Mortier, Belgian philologist, laureate of the 1965 Francqui Prize
- François Narmon, economist, businessman
- Amélie Nothomb (b. 1967), Belgian writer, laureate of the 1999 Grand Prix du roman de l'Académie française
- Paul Otlet (1868–1944), law, founding father of documentation
- Marc Parmentier, medicine, laureate of the 1999 Francqui Prize
- Etienne Pays (b. 1948), molecular biologist, laureate of the 1996 Francqui Prize and Carlos J. Finlay Prize for Microbiology
- Robert Peston, ITV News Political Editor
- Martine Piccart, medicine, President of the EORTC.
- Marie Popelin (1846–1913), law, feminist
- Ilya Prigogine, Belgian physicist and chemist, laureate of the 1955 Francqui Prize, and laureate of the 1977 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Eric Remacle, Belgian economist, laureate of the 2000 Exceptional Francqui Prize for European Research
- David Ruelle, Belgian and French mathematical physicist
- Jean Auguste Ulric Scheler, Belgian philologist
- Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian politician and one of the Founding fathers of the European Union
- Isabelle Stengers, chemistry, philosophy
- Jean Stengers (1922–2002), historian
- Jacques Tits, Belgian mathematician, laureate of the 1993 Wolf Prize and of the 2008 Abel Prize
- Michel Vanden Abeele, economics, diplomat
- Raoul Vaneigem, Situationist theorist
- Léon Van Hove (1924–1990), physics, laureate of the 1958 Francqui Prize, Director General of the CERN (1976–1980)
- Jan Van Rijswijck (1853–1906), law, mayor of Antwerp
- Emile Vandervelde (1866–1938) Belgian statesman and socialist leader, lawyer and sociologist
- August Vermeylen, Belgian writer and literature critic
- Raoul Warocqué, Belgian industrialist
- Charles Woeste (1837–1922), lawyer and politician
- Adamantios Vassilakis (b. 1942), former Greek ambassador to the United Nations
- Fradique de Menezes (b. 1942), President of São Tomé and Príncipe since 2001
- Roberto Lavagna (b. 1942), former Argentine minister of economy ( 2002–2005)
Nobel Prize Winners
- Henri La Fontaine (1854–1943): Nobel Prize for Peace in 1913.
- Jules Bordet (1870–1961): Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1919.
- Albert Claude (1898–1983): Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1974.
- Ilya Prigogine (1917–2003): Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1977.
- François Englert (born 1932): Nobel Prize in Physics in 2013.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-06-09. Retrieved 2013-09-04.
- "Université libre de Bruxelles". QS Top Universities. Retrieved March 17, 2017.
- "ARWU World University Rankings 2016 | Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016 | Top 500 universities | Shanghai Ranking - 2016". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 2017-07-07.
- "A University born of an idea". Université libre de Bruxelles. Retrieved 2016-08-04.
- "Home". www.iee-ulb.eu. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
- "Les relations internationales de l'ULB". www.ulb.ac.be. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017: USA". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. 2017. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- "QS World University Rankings® 2018". Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
- "World University Rankings 2016-17". THE Education Ltd. Retrieved September 21, 2016.
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