United States presidential pets
History of White House dogs
In 1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt was running for his fourth term when rumors surfaced that his Scottish Terrier, Fala, had accidentally been left behind when visiting the Aleutian Islands. After allegedly sending back ships to rescue his dog, Roosevelt was ridiculed and accused of spending thousands of taxpayers' dollars to retrieve his dog. At a speech following this Roosevelt said, "you can criticize me, my wife and my family, but you can't criticize my little dog. He's Scotch and all these allegations about spending all this money have just made his little soul furious." What was later called the "Fala Speech" reportedly helped secure re-election for Roosevelt.
Richard Nixon was accused of hiding a secret slush fund during his candidacy for vice president under Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952. He gave the televised "Checkers speech" named after his cocker spaniel, denying he had a slush fund but admitting, "there is one thing that I did get as a gift that I'm not going to give back." The gift was a black-and-white cocker spaniel, Checkers, given to his daughters. Although there had been talk of Nixon being dropped from the ticket, following his speech he received an increase in support and Mamie Eisenhower reportedly recommended he stay because he was "such a warm person."
Animal lovers were upset when President Lyndon B. Johnson was photographed picking his two Beagle dogs named Him and Her up by their ears. Others did not understand the uproar; former President Harry S. Truman said, "What the hell are the critics complaining about; that's how you handle hounds."
List of Presidential pets
|John Quincy Adams|
|Martin Van Buren||
|William Henry Harrison|
|James K. Polk|
|Ulysses S. Grant|
|Rutherford B. Hayes||
|James A. Garfield|
|Chester A. Arthur|
|William Howard Taft|
|Warren G. Harding|
|Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Harry S. Truman|
|Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|John F. Kennedy||
|Lyndon B. Johnson|
|George H. W. Bush|
|George W. Bush||
- Washington was an avid dog breeder; he called the breed that he was developing "Virginia Hounds" which became the American Foxhound
- Some sources reference the name "Polly"
- Number uncertain, perhaps received as many as seven. "Pierce was thought to have kept one dog, and he gave the other to his Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis. Davis was particularly pleased with the dog and was known to have carried it with him in his pocket."
- Illustration from St. Nicholas (1908); original caption: "With an amused bow, the President escorted the Ambassadress around 'Slippers' and kept on his way toward the East Room."
- Checkers died in 1964, before Nixon became president, but had played a major role in his electoral career
- "Presidential Pet Museum". Presidential Pet Museum. Archived from the original on April 10, 2001. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
- Famous and Forgotten, Toledo’s Laddie Boy, The First Presidential Pet Archived August 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "1944 Radio News, 1944-09-23 FDR Teamsters Union Address – Fala (27:45–30:08)". Internet Archive. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- "Fala, the dog who helped win a presidential election". National Constitution Center. September 23, 2017. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
- "Presidential pets of the past". K-state.edu. September 23, 1952. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
- DVM: The Newsmagazine of Veterinary Medicine; Oct2008, Vol. 39 Issue 10, p22-22, 2/3p
- Ethan Trex. "mental_floss Blog » The Bizarre History of White House Pets". Mentalfloss.com. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
- Pamela Redmond Satran (November 5, 2012). "Do You Have a Dog in This Election? Pets Are Presidential". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- "Soldier, Statesman, Dog-Lover: George Washington's Pups". George Washington's Mount Vernon.
- "American Foxhound History & Training/Temperament". American Kennel Club. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- "Dogs". George Washington's Mount Vernon. Mount Vernon Ladies' Association. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
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- Mary V. Thompson. "Donkeys". George Washington's Mount Vernon. Mount Vernon Ladies' Association. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- Mary Brigid Barrett. "Presidential Menageries: Washington's Mules and Hounds". Our White House. The National Children's Book and Literacy Alliance. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
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- "Spring 1999: Presidential Pets". Inside the White House. nara.gov. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
- Doering, Laura (14 February 2013). "Presidents & Their Pet Parrots". Pet Birds by Lafeber Co. Lafeber. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- Wolf, Alissa. "First Pets: A History of Critters in the White House". About.com. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
- Calkhoven, Laurie (2007). George Washington: An American Life. Edison, NJ: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. p. 91. ISBN 9781402735462.
- "White House Pets (1789–1850) – Presidential Pet Museum". Retrieved September 10, 2016.
- "Mockingbirds". Thomas Jefferson's Monticello. Thomas Jefferson Foundation. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
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- "Grizzly Bears". Thomas Jefferson's Monticello. Thomas Jefferson Foundation. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
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- "James Monroe Biography – Presidential Pet Museum". Presidential Pet Museum. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
- The Handy Science Answer Book. Visible Ink Press. 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
- Lang, Heather. "Lions and Tigers and Bears, Oh My! Animals at the White House". Our White House. National Children's Book and Literacy Alliance. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
- Longley, Robert (29 June 2017). "First Pets: Animals in the White House". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
- The Handy Science Answer Book. Visible Ink Press. 2011. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
- Kate Kelly (5 August 2015). "Teacup Dogs Owned by President Franklin Pierce". America Comes Alive. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- King, Gilbert. "The History of Pardoning Turkeys Began With Tad Lincoln". Smithsonian. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
- Ackermann, Ann Marie (11 July 2017). "Lincoln's dog Fido: A Faithful Pet Assassinated Like His Master". www.annmarieackermann.com. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- McClarey, Donald R. (30 Jan 2011). "Lincoln's Dog Fido". The American Catholic. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- Coren, Stanley (12 Oct 2011). "Why Are Dogs So Frequently Called "Fido"?". Psychology Today. Canine Corner: Sussex Publishers. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- "Where Does the Dog Name Fido Come From?". American Kennel Club. 1 Jan 2009. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- Abraham Lincoln’s Cats
- "Ulysses S. Grant and His Horses During and After the Civil War". The Ulysses S. Grant Information Center. College of St. Scholastica. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
- Kate Kelly (13 July 2016). "Grover Cleveland's Dogs and Other Pets". America Comes Alive. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
- "Pets in the White House". White House for Kids. nara.gov. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
- Kelly, Kate (25 August 2013). "The Pets in the Benjamin Harrison White House". America Comes Alive. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
- Best, Jama A. "Opossums and the Presidency: A Tail of Intrigue and The White House" (PDF). UA Little Rock Center for Arkansas History and Culture. University of Arkansas. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Cox, Ana Marie (20 August 2013). "Top 10 presidential pets in US history". the Guardian. Opinion. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "1896: The Republican Platform". projects.vassar.edu. Vassar College. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Riis, Jacob A. ""Slippers," The White House Cat" (pdf). archive.org. Vol. XXXV; January, 1908; No. 3: St. Nicholas. p. 203.
- "The Roosevelt Pets". National Park Service. U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
(Reprinted from the National Archives and Records Administration)
- McClintock, J. N. (1904). New England Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly, Volume 29. Boston: America Company. p. 601.
- "Why did Alice Roosevelt own a pet snake named Emily Spinach?". www.childrensmuseum.org. The Children's Museum of Indianapolis. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
- Roosevelt, Theodore (1919). Bishop, Joseph B., ed. Letters to his children. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 19. ISBN 9781623769864. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- Thompson, Madeleine (15 September 2015). "A Small Bear Named Jonathan Edwards". WCS Archives Blog. Wildlife Conservation Society. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- Tanner, Beccy (September 10, 2012). "Pet Kansas badger once roamed White House". Wichita Eagle. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Presidential Pets". CBS News. CBS Interactive Inc. 4 October 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- "Roughing It, Part 7". www.gutenberg.org. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- "America's First Presidential Hyena". Ethiopianism-Ethiopiawinet Online Revival. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- "William Taft's Caruso". Presidential Pet Museum. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- Kelly, Kate (15 August 2012). "The Pets of Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924)". America Comes Alive. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Betsy (July 1, 2013). "Pay a Call on Petey the Canary at Warren G. Harding's Marion Home".
- Pietrusza, David. ""Wombats and Such": Calvin and Grace Coolidge and Their Pets". www.davidpietrusza.com. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
- Houghton, Leah. "The Coolidge Pets". coolidgefoundation.org. Calvin Coolidge Presidential Foundation. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
- Patterson, Michael Robert. "Edmund William Starling, Sergeant, United States Army". www.arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
- Stephen Bauer, At Ease in the White House: Social Life as Seen by a Presidential Military Aide, Taylor Trade Publications, 2004. ISBN 1-58979-079-0. pp 224.
- Sandra Choron, Planet Dog: A Doglopedia, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2005, ISBN 0-618-51752-9. pp 21.
- Amy Ruth, Herbert Hoover, Twenty-First Century Books, 2004, ISBN 0-8225-0821-4. pp 64.
- Wayne Bryant Eldridge, Tom Kerr The Best Pet Name Book Ever!, Barron's Educational Series, 2003, ISBN 0-7641-2499-4. pp 29.
- Herbert Hoover Biography
- "President Truman's Dog, Feller". Highland-ohio.com. January 12, 1948. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
- "Prezs' best friend: Dogs, cats and a raccoon among presidential pets over the years". NBC News. Retrieved 26 January 2018. (slide 11/26)
- West, Tracey. Hail to the chief! : fun facts and activities about the US presidents. New York. ISBN 9780399541469. OCLC 933567941.
- "White House Pets". Eisenhower Presidential Library, Museum & Boyhood Home.
- Sally Bedell Smith, Grace And Power, Random House, Inc., 2006, ISBN 0-345-48497-5, pp 219.
- "Pets – John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum". Jfklibrary.org. December 3, 1961. Archived from the original on August 22, 2006. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
- Smith, 125.
- Morrow, Laurie Bogart, The Giant Book of Dog Names, p. 414
- JFK’s German Shepherd Dog, Clipper
- Smith, 293, 489.
- Lyndon B. Johnson Library and Museum President Johnson's Dogs Archived July 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Bryant, Traphes, with Frances Spatz Leighton, Dog Days at the White House: The Outrageous Memoirs of the Presidential Kennel Keeper, New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1975. ISBN 0-671-80533-9
- "Lyndon B. Johnson's Pet Info". Exoticdogs.com. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
- "Richard M. Nixon". June 5, 2004. Archived from the original on June 5, 2004.
- Bauer, 8.
- Ford Presidential Library and Museum, Ford Family White House and Pets
- Tribune, Chicago. "Presidential pets". chicagotribune.com.
- "Presidential Pooch – Grits, the Impeached First Dog | Bully Sticks". Bullysticksinfo.com. November 21, 2008. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
- Diego, Alpha (November 14, 2016). "Presidential Dogs: Past U.S. Presidents and Their Fur Babies". dogbreedsjournal.com. Dog Breeds Journal. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- "Ronald Reagan Presidential Library". Reagan.utexas.edu. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
- Stanley Coren, Why Does My Dog Act That Way?, Simon and Schuster, 2007, ISBN 0-7432-7707-4. pp 6.
- Stanley Coren, Why We Love the Dogs We Do: How to Find the Dog That Matches Your Personality, Simon and Schuster, 2000, ISBN 0-684-85502-X. pp. 5.
- Coren, Why Does my Dog..., 7.
- "Ronald Reagan's Ranch Horses - Presidential Pet Museum". Presidential Pet Museum. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
- "President Reagan, whose favorite horse died last month, rode..." UPI. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
- "Ranch". Ronald Reagan Presidential Library - National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- George H. W. Bush, All the Best, George Bush Simon and Schuster, 2000, pp 595, correspondence from September 10, 1996, ISBN 0-7432-0048-9, ISBN 978-0-7432-0048-6
- Bailey, Holly (April 24, 2013). "Laura Bush: New library is not 'a monument' to her husband". Yahoo News. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
- Barack Obama (August 19, 2013). "Meet the newest member of the Obama family: Sunny". Facebook. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
- Hannah August (August 19, 2013). "Meet Sunny: The Obamas' New Puppy". The White House Blog. Archived from the original on August 20, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pets of presidents of the United States.|
- Presidential Pets Museum – Private museum in Glen Allen, Virginia
- Pets in the White House – White House for Kids (official Clinton archive)
- Morrow, Laurie Bogart, The Giant Book of Dog Names, p. 414
- Thomas, Nick (February 19, 2018). "A salute to presidential pets". The Oklahoman. Retrieved 17 February 2018.