United States House of Representatives elections, 1900
All 357 seats to the United States House of Representatives
179 seats needed for a majority
McKinley's Republican Party gained thirteen seats from the Democratic Party and minor parties, cementing their majority. A reassertion of Republican control in the Mid-Atlantic was key in the gain of new seats. However, with an improved economy, especially in the industrial sector, the election cycle featured no keystone issue, resulting in a general support for the status quo. The fading Populist Party held on to five House seats, while the sole member of the Silver Party changed parties to Democratic.
The previous election of 1898 saw the election of 6 Populists, 2 Silver Republicans, and a Silver Party member.
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Early election dates
In 1900, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:
|California 1||John All Barham||Republican||1894||Retired
|Frank Coombs (R) 55.3%|
James F. Farraher (D) 42.4%
William Morgan (Soc) 1.6%
Charles T. Clark (P) 0.8%
|California 2||Previous incumbent Marion De Vries (D) resigned
August 20, 1900 to accept a judicial position
|Republican gain||Samuel D. Woods (R) 50.4%|
J. D. Sproul (D) 47.9%
W. F. Lockwood (Soc) 0.9%
W. H. Barron (P) 0.8%
|California 3||Victor H. Metcalf||Republican||1898||Re-elected||Victor H. Metcalf (R) 58.3%|
Frank Freeman (D) 38%
R. A. Dague (Soc) 2.6%
Alvin W. Holt (P) 1.1%
|California 4||Julius Kahn||Republican||1898||Re-elected||Julius Kahn (R) 55.7%|
R. Porter Ashe (D) 38.2%
Charles C. O'Donnell (I) 3.6%
G. B. Benham (Soc) 2.2%
Joseph Rowell (P) 0.3%
|California 5||Eugene F. Loud||Republican||1890||Re-elected||Eugene F. Loud (R) 55.7%|
J. H. Henry (D) 41.3%
C. H. King Sr. (Soc) 2.2%
Fred E. Caton (P) 0.8%
|California 6||Russell J. Waters||Republican||1898||Retired
|James McLachlan (R) 52.4%|
W. D. Crichton (D) 42.4%
Noble A. Richardson (Soc) 3.1%
A. H. Hensley (P) 2.1%
|California 7||James C. Needham||Republican||1898||Re-elected||James C. Needham (R) 51.8%|
William Graves (D) 37.9%
H. G. Wilshire (Soc) 7%
James Campbell (P) 3.2%
|Florida 1||Stephen M. Sparkman||Democratic||1894||Re-elected||Stephen M. Sparkman (D) 87.0%|
G. Brown Patterson (R) 13.0%
|Florida 2||Robert Wyche Davis||Democratic||1896||Re-elected||Robert Wyche Davis (D) 80.0%|
John M. Cheney (R) 20.0%
|Nevada at-large||Francis G. Newlands||Democratic||1892||Re-elected
|Francis G. Newlands (D/Sil) 58.8%|
E. S. Farrington (R) 41.2%
|South Carolina 1||William Elliott||Democratic||1886
|Re-elected||William Elliott (D) 72.7%|
W. W. Beckett (R) 27.3%
|South Carolina 2||W. Jasper Talbert||Democratic||1892||Re-elected||W. Jasper Talbert (D) 97.7%|
J. B. Odom (R) 2.3%
|South Carolina 3||Asbury Latimer||Democratic||1892||Re-elected||Asbury Latimer (D) 97.5%|
Anson C. Merrick (R) 2.5%
|South Carolina 4||Stanyarne Wilson||Democratic||1894||Lost primary
|Joseph T. Johnson (D) 97.0%|
S. T. Poinier (R) 3.0%
|South Carolina 5||David E. Finley||Democratic||1898||Re-elected||David E. Finley (D) 97.3%|
John F. Jones (R) 2.7%
|South Carolina 6||James Norton||Democratic||1897 (special)||Lost primary
|Robert B. Scarborough (D) 94.3%|
R. A. Stuart (R) 5.7%
|South Carolina 7||J. William Stokes||Democratic||1894||Re-elected||J. William Stokes (D) 93.2%|
Alexander D. Dantzler (R) 6.8%
- Three states held earlier elections between June 4 and September 10.
- Included 2 Silver Republicans.
- Includes 1 member of the Silver Republican faction, John F. Shafroth, of CO-01.
- Previous election had 1 member from the Silver Republican Party faction.
- Elections held early.
- Elections to MO-12 were contested multiple times, and the seat was considered vacant for much of the 57th Congress – Republican George C. Wagoner was finally seated just before the end of the 57th Congress. See Dubin, p. 333 and 337–338.
- Previous election had 1 member from the Silver Party.
- Also won special election to 56th Congress.
- "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- Martis, pp. 154–155.
- Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. ISBN 978-0786402830.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0029201701.
- Moore, John L., ed. (1994). Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (Third ed.). Congressional Quarterly Inc. ISBN 978-0871879967.
- "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
- Office of the Historian (Office of Art & Archives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives)