United Kingdom general election, January 1910

United Kingdom general election, January 1910

15 January – 10 February 1910 (1910-01-15 1910-02-10)

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority

  First party Second party
 
Leader H. H. Asquith Arthur Balfour
Party Liberal Conservative & Lib. Unionist
Leader since 30 April 1908 11 June 1902
Leader's seat East Fife City of London
Last election 397 seats, 48.9% 156 seats, 43.4%
Seats won 274 272
Seat change 123 116
Popular vote 2,712,511 2,919,236
Percentage 43.5% 46.8%
Swing 5.4% 3.4%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Leader John Redmond Arthur Henderson
Party Irish Parliamentary Labour
Leader since 6 February 1900 22 January 1908
Leader's seat Waterford City Barnard Castle
Last election 82 seats, 0.6% 29 seats, 4.8%
Seats won 71 40
Seat change 11 11
Popular vote 74,047 435,770
Percentage 1.2% 7.0%
Swing 0.6% 2.1%

Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

Appointed Prime Minister

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

The January 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 15 January to 10 February 1910. The government called the election in the midst of a constitutional crisis caused by the rejection of the People's Budget by the House of Lords, in order to get a mandate to pass the budget.

The election produced a hung parliament, with the Conservative Party led by Arthur Balfour and their Liberal Unionist allies receiving the largest number of votes, but the Liberals led by H. H. Asquith winning the largest number of seats, returning two more MPs than the Conservatives. Asquith formed a government with the support of the Irish Parliamentary Party, led by John Redmond. Another election was soon held in December.

The Labour Party, led by Arthur Henderson, continued to gain strength, going from 29 seats to 40.

Results

274 272 71 40 8 5
Liberal Conservative IPP Lab AFI O
UK General Election January 1910
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Stood Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Arthur Balfour 594 272 130 14 +116 40.6 46.8 2,919,236 +3.4
  Liberal H. H. Asquith 511 274 12 135 123 40.9 43.5 2,712,511 5.4
  Labour Arthur Henderson 78 40 17 6 +11 6.0 7.0 435,770 +2.1
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond 85 71 0 11 11 10.6 1.2 74,047 +0.6
  All-for-Ireland William O'Brien 10 8 8 0 +8 1.2 0.4 23,605
  Independent Nationalist N/A 10 3 3 2 +2 0.5 0.3 16,533
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 9 0 0 0 0 0.2 13,479 0.1
  Ind. Conservative N/A 4 1 1 1 0 0.1 0.2 11,772
  Free Trader John Eldon Gorst 4 0 0 0 0 0.2 11,553
  Independent Labour N/A 6 0 0 1 1 0.2 9,936
  Independent Liberal N/A 3 1 1 0 +1 0.1 0.1 5,237
  Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 756
All parties shown.

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
46.8%
Liberal
43.5%
Labour
7.0%
Irish Parliamentary
1.2%
Independent
0.7%
Others
0.8%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
40.9%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
40.6%
Irish Parliamentary
10.6%
Labour
6.0%
All-for-Ireland
1.2%
Independent
0.8%

See also

References

  • Blewett, Neal (1972), The Peers, the Parties and the People: The General Elections of 1910 
  • Clarke, P. F. (1975), "The electoral position of the Liberal and Labour parties, 1910–1914", English Historical Review, 90 (357): 828–836 
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989), British Electoral Facts: 1832–1987, Dartmouth: Gower, ISBN 0900178302 
  • O'Brien, Phillips Payson (2010), "The 1910 Elections and the Primacy of Foreign Policy", in Mulligan, William; Simms, Brendan, The Primacy of Foreign Policy in British History, 1660–2000, Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 249–259 
  • Pelling, Henry (1967), Social Geography of British Elections 1885–1910 
  • Sykes, Alan (1979), Tariff Reform in British Politics: 1903–1913, Oxford University Press 
  • Sykes, Alan (1975), "The Confederacy and the purge of the Unionist free traders, 1906–1910", Historical Journal, 18 (2): 349–366 
  • Wald, Kenneth D. (1978), "Class and the vote before the first world war" (PDF), British Journal of Political Science, 8 (4): 441–457 

Manifestos

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