|Founded at||California, United States|
|Mark Davis (President)|
The Unicode Consortium (Unicode Inc.) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization based in Mountain View, California. Its primary purpose is to maintain and publish the Unicode Standard which was developed with the intention of replacing existing character encoding schemes which are limited in size and scope, and are incompatible with multilingual environments. Unicode's success at unifying character sets has led to its widespread adoption in the internationalization and localization of software. The standard has been implemented in many recent technologies, including XML, the Java programming language, Swift, and modern operating systems.
There are various levels of membership, and any company or individual willing to pay the membership dues may join this organization. Full members include most of the main computer software and hardware companies with any interest in text-processing standards, including Adobe Systems, Apple, Facebook, Google, Huawei, IBM, Microsoft, Oracle Corporation, Yahoo! and SAP SE. Technical decisions relating to the Unicode Standard are made by the Unicode Technical Committee (UTC).
The project to develop a universal character encoding scheme called Unicode was initiated in 1987 by Joe Becker, Lee Collins and Mark Davis. The Unicode Consortium was incorporated in California on January 3, 1991, with the stated aim to develop, extend, and promote the use of the Unicode Standard. Mark Davis has been president of the Unicode Consortium since the consortium was incorporated in 1991.
The Unicode Consortium cooperates with many standards development organizations, including ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2 and W3C. Apart from The Unicode Standard (TUS) and its annexes (UAX) the Unicode Consortium also maintains the CLDR, collaborated with the IETF on IDNA, and published related standards (UTS), reports (UTR), and utilities.
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|Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Unicode/Character_reference|