Ub, Serbia

Ub
Уб
Town and municipality
Panoramic view on Ub

Coat of arms

Location of the municipality of Ub within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°27′22″N 20°4′26″E / 44.45611°N 20.07389°E / 44.45611; 20.07389Coordinates: 44°27′22″N 20°4′26″E / 44.45611°N 20.07389°E / 44.45611; 20.07389
Country  Serbia
Region Šumadija and Western Serbia
District Kolubara
Settlements 38
Government
  Mayor Darko Glišić (SNS)
Area[1]
  Town 4.31 km2 (1.66 sq mi)
  Municipality 456 km2 (176 sq mi)
Elevation 97 m (318 ft)
Population (2011 census)[2]
  Town 6,164
  Town density 1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
  Municipality 29,022
  Municipality density 64/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 14210
Area code +381(0)14
Car plates UB
Website www.opstinaub.org.rs

Ub (Serbian Cyrillic: Уб) is a town and municipality located in the Kolubara District of western Serbia. As of 2011, the population of the town is 6,164, while population of the municipality is 29,022 inhabitants.

History

The first communities established at the municipal territory of Ub, according to the historical traces and traces of human civilization discovered in the current settlements of Trlića, Kalinovac, Brgule, originated from the time of Vinča culture, in the period around 5000 BC. In the settlement of Čučuge today there are traces of the Bronze Age.

The most probable theory of the origin of the name is from the Latin word "urb", meaning "city". According to legends, the place was built in the reign of Prince Kocelj, and it was named after his brother Slavoljub. Over time, the names shortened to just "Ub".

The most important of the cultural and historical monuments of Ub is certainly the church - monastery in the village Dokmir, dating from the fifteenth century. Research suggests that the monastery was restored in 1415, so it is thought that the monastery dates from an earlier period. Also affiliated with the monastery are the nuns of the monastery Žitomislići in Herzegovina, who had fled from the horrors of war in Bosnia in early '90s.

The Tamnava area has preserved evidences of earlier styles and ways of life. In the mountain areas were fortresses, monasteries, churches and towers, and it is often difficult to reach such areas, but in the plains, monuments and buildings were often removed, leaving little trace, barely sufficient to preserve some features of the old life.

Settlements

Apart from the town of Ub, the municipality consists of the following villages (2002 population given in parentheses):

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194837,894    
195339,186+0.67%
196138,648−0.17%
197137,512−0.30%
198136,259−0.34%
199134,593−0.47%
200232,104−0.68%
201129,101−1.09%
Source: [3]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Ub has 29,101 inhabitants. Of these, the urban settlement of Ub has a population of 6,000 inhabitants, while the other settlements have a range of population. The larger villages are Banjani, Vrelo, Takovo, Pambukovica and Sovljak. In addition to Serbs who make up almost 95% of the population, there were also significant Romani community with 3.8% of total population.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[4]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs27,525
Roma1,118
Romanians64
Montenegrins25
Macedonians18
Croats18
Yugoslavs17
Others316
Total29,101

Education

There are four elementary schools in the municipality: Elementary school "Milan Munjas" in Ub with 1359 students, "Rajko Mihajlović" in Banjani with 478, PS "Dušan Danilović" in Radljevo with 254 and PS "Sveti Sava" in Pambukovica with 179 students. Overall, primary education has 2270 students (school year 2009/10).

Secondary education facilities in the municipality of Ub are Gymnasium "Branislav Petronijević" with 190 students and Technical School" Ub "with 448 students. Students profile and interests that are acquired at the end of school (grammar school is general education profile, while a secondary technical school represented sections: machine in computer design, auto mechanics, body mechanic, waiter, cook, textile worker, trade technician, dealer, locksmith, locksmith and lathe), generally meet the needs of municipalities and the environment, which confirms the high occupancy rate, which generally meet existing needs. Equipment of schools is satisfactory.

Economy and infrastructure

The municipality of Ub is linked through a network of regional roads, allowing a good road connection with the municipal and regional centers that surround it.

The municipality is connected through roads M-4, M-21 M-22 and M-19 with all other towns in Serbia. According to data from 2004, the total length of roads was 244 km (152 mi), of which 197 km (122 mi) of roads were surfaced with modern pavement. The road network is in good condition, and in the years to come it is planned expansion and improvement. A projected Belgrade–Bar motorway goes through the territory of Ub. A junction is planned to be built 4 km (2 mi) from the town, in the village of Stublenica, 38 km (24 mi) from Belgrade. Near this area is the projected future industrial zone Ub East.

The industrial railway is passing through the territory and serves only to economic activity and to the open pit mines Kolubara. The city of Ub is located at 6 km (4 mi) from the nearest railway station in Lajkovac, on the Belgrade–Bar railway.

Belgrade Airport "Nikola Tesla" is 50 km (31 mi) away. Especially important transportation development opportunities and activities that monitor traffic can be achieved by building the Belgrade - Southern Adria highway route, which passes near the City of Ub.

The area of Ub is partially covered by a network of telecommunication facilities. According to the Republican Bureau of Statistics, in 2007 there were 8,920 land phone subscribers.

Economic preview

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[5]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing458
Mining142
Processing industry471
Distribution of power, gas and water20
Distribution of water and water waste management147
Construction277
Wholesale and retail, repair835
Traffic, storage and communication323
Hotels and restaurants139
Media and telecommunications52
Finance and insurance32
Property stock and charter-
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities144
Administrative and other services33
Administration and social assurance259
Education396
Healthcare and social work235
Art, leisure and recreation46
Other services89
Total4,100

Mineral resources

There are several mines and resource centers of coal (Radljevo field - 344,000,000 tones, Zvizdar field - 280,000,000 tones), clay, sand, stone and limestone.

The biggest producer of quartz sand in Serbia is "Kopovi a.d.", with overall production of over 400,000 tones per year.

Clay pits are based below the layers of sand and quartz sand. Municipality of Ub is the biggest supplier of high-quality clay in Serbia. There are more than 1,800,000 tones of clay.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  4. "Population by ethnicity and sex, by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  5. "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
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