UEFA Nations League
|Number of teams||55|
|Qualifier for||UEFA Euro 2020 (1 team from each league, total 4)|
|Television broadcasters||List of broadcasters|
The UEFA Nations League is a biennial international association football competition to be contested by the senior men's national teams of the member associations of UEFA, the sport's European governing body. The first tournament is due to commence in September 2018, following the 2018 FIFA World Cup, and the winner will be decided in June 2019. The competition will largely replace international friendly matches currently played on the FIFA International Match Calendar.
In October 2013, Norwegian Football Association President Yngve Hallén confirmed that talks had been held to create a third full national-team international tournament for UEFA members but warned that it was only at the design stage.
The concept of the UEFA Nations League would see all 55 of UEFA's members associations' national teams divided into a series of groups based upon a ranking formulated using their recent results, where they would be promoted and relegated to other groups according to their results within the group. The proposed tournament would take place on dates on the International match calendar that are currently allocated for international friendlies and would not affect the FIFA World Cup or UEFA European Championship.
In March 2014, UEFA general secretary Gianni Infantino stated that one of the benefits of the proposal would be to help less glamorous national associations arrange games. The Football Association's chairman Greg Dyke said that the proposal is "very attractive", as England would be expected to play against top-ranking national teams. Royal Belgian Football Association's general secretary Steven Martens said that lower-ranked nations would still benefit financially from the competition, as the television contract with UEFA would be centralised.
The UEFA Nations League was unanimously adopted by the 54 UEFA member associations (Kosovo was not a member at this time) at the XXXVIII Ordinary UEFA Congress in Astana on 27 March 2014.
The UEFA Nations League trophy has been unveiled during phase draw in Lausanne, Switzerland. The trophy represents all 55 UEFA National associations and its made of sterling silver. The trophy weighs in at 7.5 kg and is 71 cm tall, will be first lifted in June 2019.
The official anthem of UEFA Nations League was recorded with a philharmonic orchestra and a choir singing in Latin. Its a mix of classical and electronic music and will be played when the players are entering the field of play, in TV sequences and for ceremonial purposes.
According to the approved format (prior to Kosovo becoming UEFA member), the now 55 UEFA national teams (including Kosovo) will be divided into four divisions (called "Leagues"): 12 teams in League A, 12 teams in League B, 15 teams in League C, and 16 teams in League D. In each division, four groups are formed (three or four teams in each group) and play each other both home and away.
In the top division League A, the winners of the four groups go on to play in the Nations League Finals, with two semi-finals and one final to decide which team becomes the UEFA Nations League champion.
Teams can also be promoted and relegated to a higher or lower division. Each group winner (there are four groups in each division) is automatically promoted to the next higher division for the next tournament. Each team placing last in its group is automatically relegated to the next lower division.
UEFA European Championship link
In addition to the Nations League Finals of League A, there will be four play-offs with a similar format. Each group winner takes a spot in the semi-finals. If the group winner is already one of 20 qualified teams, rankings will be used to give the play-off spot to another team of the league. If fewer than four teams in the entire League remain unqualified, play-off spots for that league are given to teams of the next-lower league. This determines the four remaining qualifying spots for the European Championship (out of 24 total).
FIFA World Cup link
Support and criticism
UEFA devised the tournament as a means to eliminate "meaningless international friendlies" - a view that has long been shared by many football clubs and supporters with the regular football season being interrupted with unwelcome international matches as part of the FIFA International Match Calendar. In 2012, it was agreed between UEFA and the European Club Association (ECA) that the international friendly schedule would be reduced from 12 to 9 matches a year with the August round of international friendlies in the UEFA confederation abolished from 2015. The aspiration to eliminate "pointless international friendlies" in favour of a more competitive tournament has been welcomed by many football commentators.
Supporters more than most realise that most friendlies fail to deliver competitive and meaningful football. Now they will have the opportunity to see their teams play in more competitive matches, take part in a new competition and get a second chance to qualify for the major tournaments. There will certainly be fewer friendly internationals and undoubtedly fewer meaningless friendlies. However, there will still be space in the calendar for friendly internationals – particularly warm-up matches for final tournaments. UEFA is also keen that European teams will still have the chance to play opponents from other confederations.
However the format has been criticised for allegedly allowing weaker teams to qualify through the Nations League to compete in the European Championship finals, instead of qualifying through the standard qualification process.
Total prize money of €76,250,000 will be on offer for the inaugural edition of the UEFA Nations League. The solidarity and bonus fees will be available to all 55 national teams which will be participing in the competition, every team from each league receive:
- €1,500,000 in League A
- €1,000,000 in League B
- €750,000 in League C
- €500,000 in League D
Also winners of each group in four leagues gains same amount of money (for example every group winner in League C receive extra €750,000), so it allows to double their money.
Each season of the UEFA Nations League will be played from September to November of an even-numbered year (pool stage), and June of the following odd-numbered year (Nations League Finals of League A), meaning a UEFA Nations League champion will be crowned every two years.
Results of Nations League Finals
|Season||Host||Final||Third place play-off|
|Winner||Score||Runner-up||Third place||Score||Fourth place|
Team performances by season
Promoted No movement Relegated
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