UEFA Euro 1992

1992 UEFA European Football Championship
Europamästerskapet i fotboll
Sverige 1992
UEFA Euro 1992 official logo
Small is Beautiful
Tournament details
Host country Sweden
Dates 10–26 June
Teams 8
Venue(s) 4 (in 4 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Denmark (1st title)
Runners-up  Germany
Tournament statistics
Matches played 15
Goals scored 32 (2.13 per match)
Attendance 430,111 (28,674 per match)
Top scorer(s) Henrik Larsen
Karl-Heinz Riedle
Dennis Bergkamp
Tomas Brolin
(3 goals each)

The 1992 UEFA European Football Championship was hosted by Sweden between 10 and 26 June 1992. It was the ninth European Football Championship, which is held every four years and supported by UEFA.

Denmark won the 1992 championship. The team had qualified only after Yugoslavia was disqualified as a result of the breakup and warfare in the country. Eight national teams contested the finals tournament.[1]

Also present at the tournament was the CIS national football team (Commonwealth of Independent States), representing the recently dissolved Soviet Union whose national team had qualified for the tournament. It was also the first major tournament at which the reunified Germany (who were beaten 2–0 by Denmark in the final) had competed.

It was to be the last tournament with only eight participants, the last to award the winner of a match with only two points, and the last tournament before the introduction of the back-pass rule, which was brought in immediately after the tournament was completed. When the next competition was held in 1996, 16 teams were involved and were awarded 3 points for a win.

Bid process

On 16 December 1988, Sweden was chosen over Spain to host the event, following a decision made by the UEFA Executive Committee.[2] Spain was at a disadvantage as they had already been chosen to host the EXPO 1992 and the 1992 Summer Olympic Games.[2][3]

Summary

Seven of the eight teams had to qualify for the final stage; Sweden qualified automatically as hosts of the event.[4] The Soviet Union qualified for the finals shortly before the break-up of the country, and took part in the tournament under the banner of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS),[5] before the former Soviet republics formed their own national teams after the competition. The CIS team represented the following ex-Soviet republics: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Moldova, and Tajikistan. Four out of 15 ex-republics were not members of the CIS: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania did not send their players; Georgia was not a member of the CIS at the time, but Georgian Kakhaber Tskhadadze was a part of the squad.

Originally, Yugoslavia qualified for the final stage, but due to the Yugoslav wars, the team was disqualified and their qualifying group's runner-up, Denmark, took part in the championship.[6] They shocked the continent when Peter Schmeichel saved Marco van Basten's penalty in the semi-final penalty shoot-out against the Netherlands, thus defeating the defending European champions.[7] The shock was compounded when Denmark went on to defeat the reigning world champions Germany 2–0 to win the European title.[8]

Qualification

Qualified teams

Team Qualified as Qualified on Previous appearances in tournament[upper-alpha 1]
 SwedenHost16 December 19880 (debut)
 FranceGroup 1 winner12 October 19912 (1960, 1984)
 EnglandGroup 7 winner13 November 19913 (1968, 1980, 1988)
 CIS[upper-alpha 2]Group 3 winner[upper-alpha 3]13 November 19915 (1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988)
 ScotlandGroup 2 winner13 November 19910 (debut)
 Germany[upper-alpha 4]Group 5 winner20 November 19915 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988)
 NetherlandsGroup 6 winner4 December 19913 (1976, 1980, 1988)
 DenmarkGroup 4 runner-up[upper-alpha 5]31 May 19923 (1964, 1984, 1988)
  1. Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
  2. From 1960 to 1988, Russia competed as the Soviet Union.
  3. Replacing the Soviet Union.
  4. From 1972 to 1988, Germany competed as West Germany.
  5. Replacing Yugoslavia, who were subject to sanctions under UN Security Council Resolution 757 and thus banned from appearing.[9]

Venues

Gothenburg Stockholm
Ullevi Råsunda Stadium
Capacity: 44,000 Capacity: 40,000
Malmö Norrköping
Malmö Stadion Idrottsparken
Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 23,000

Squads

Each national team had to submit a squad of 20 players.

Match ball

Adidas Etrusco Unico was used as the official match ball of the tournament. The ball was previously used in the 1990 FIFA World Cup.

Match officials

Country Referee Assistants Matches refereed
Austria Hubert Forstinger Johann Möstl Alois Pemmer France 1–2 Denmark
Belgium Guy Goethals Pierre Mannaerts Robert Surkjin Scotland 0–2 Germany
 CIS Alexey Spirin Victor Filippov Andrei Butenko Sweden 1–1 France
Denmark Peter Mikkelsen Arne Paltoft Jørgen Ohmeyer Netherlands 0–0 CIS
France Gérard Biguet Marc Huguenin Alain Gourdet CIS 1–1 Germany
Germany Aron Schmidhuber Joachim Ren Uwe Ennuschat Sweden 1–0 Denmark
Hungary Sándor Puhl László Varga Sándor Szilágyi France 0–0 England
Italy Pierluigi Pairetto
Tullio Lanese
Domenico Ramicone Maurizio Padovan Netherlands 3–1 Germany
Sweden 2–3 Germany (Semi-final)
Netherlands John Blankenstein Jan Dolstra Robert Overkleeft Denmark 0–0 England
Portugal José Rosa dos Santos Valdemar Aguiar Pinto Lopes Antonio Guedes Gomes De Carvalho Sweden 2–1 England
Spain Emilio Soriano Aladrén Francisco García Pacheco José Luis Iglesia Casas Netherlands 2–2 Denmark (Semi-final)
Sweden Bo Karlsson Lennart Sundqvist Bo Persson Netherlands 1–0 Scotland
Switzerland Kurt Röthlisberger
Bruno Galler
Zivanko Popović Paul Wyttenbach Scotland 3–0 CIS
Denmark 2–0 Germany (Final)
Fourth officials
Country Fourth officials
Austria Gerhard Kapl
Belgium Frans van den Wijngaert
 CIS Vadim Zhuk
Denmark Kim Milton Nielsen
France Rémi Harrel
Germany Karl-Josef Assenmacher
Hungary Sándor Varga
Italy Tullio Lanese
Pierluigi Pairetto
Netherlands Mario van der Ende
Portugal Jorge Emanuel Monteiro Coroado
Sweden Leif Sundell
Switzerland Bruno Galler
Kurt Röthlisberger

Group stage

The teams finishing in the top two positions in each of the two groups progress to the semi-finals, while the bottom two teams in each group were eliminated from the tournament.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Tiebreakers

If two or more teams finished level on points after completion of the group matches, the following tie-breakers were used to determine the final ranking:

  1. Greater number of points in all group matches
  2. Goal difference in all group matches
  3. Greater number of goals scored in all group matches
  4. Drawing of lots

Group 1

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Sweden (H) 3 2 1 0 4 2 +2 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  Denmark 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 3
3  France 3 0 2 1 2 3 1 2
4  England 3 0 2 1 1 2 1 2
Source: UEFA
(H) Host.
Sweden  1–1  France
J. Eriksson  24' Report Papin  58'
Attendance: 29,860
Referee: Alexey Spirin (CIS)
Denmark  0–0  England
Report
Attendance: 26,385

France  0–0  England
Report
Attendance: 26,535
Sweden  1–0  Denmark
Brolin  58' Report
Attendance: 29,902

Sweden  2–1  England
Report Platt  4'
Attendance: 30,126
France  1–2  Denmark
Papin  60' Report
Attendance: 25,673

Group 2

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Netherlands 3 2 1 0 4 1 +3 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  Germany 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 3
3  Scotland 3 1 0 2 3 3 0 2
4  CIS 3 0 2 1 1 4 3 2
Source: UEFA
Netherlands  1–0  Scotland
Bergkamp  75' Report
Attendance: 35,720
Referee: Bo Karlsson (Sweden)
CIS  1–1  Germany
Dobrovolski  64' (pen.) Report Häßler  90'
Attendance: 17,410

Scotland  0–2  Germany
Report
Attendance: 17,638
Netherlands  0–0  CIS
Report
Attendance: 34,400

Netherlands  3–1  Germany
Report Klinsmann  53'
Attendance: 37,725
Scotland  3–0  CIS
Report

Knockout stage

In the knockout phase, extra time and a penalty shoot-out were used to decide the winner if necessary.

As with every tournament since UEFA Euro 1984, there was no third place play-off.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Bracket

 
Semi-finalsFinal
 
      
 
22 June – Gothenburg
 
 
 Netherlands2 (4)
 
26 June – Gothenburg
 
 Denmark (p)2 (5)
 
 Denmark2
 
21 June – Solna
 
 Germany0
 
 Sweden2
 
 
 Germany3
 

Semi-finals

Sweden  2–3  Germany
Report
Attendance: 28,827
Referee: Tullio Lanese (Italy)

Final

Denmark  2–0  Germany
Report
Attendance: 37,800[10]

Statistics

Goalscorers

There were 32 goals scored in 15 matches, for an average of 2.13 goals per match.

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

Source: UEFA[11]

Awards

UEFA Team of the Tournament[12]
Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
Peter Schmeichel Jocelyn Angloma
Laurent Blanc
Andreas Brehme
Jürgen Kohler
Brian Laudrup
Stefan Effenberg
Thomas Häßler
Ruud Gullit
Dennis Bergkamp
Marco van Basten

Marketing

Slogan and theme song

Small is Beautiful was the official slogan of the contest.[5] The official anthem of the tournament was "More Than a Game", performed by Towe Jaarnek and Peter Jöback.

Logo and identity

It was the last tournament to use the UEFA plus flag logo, and the last before the tournament came to be known as "Euro" (it is known as "Euro 1992" only retrospectively). It was also the first major football competition in which the players had their names printed on their backs, at around the time that it was becoming a trend in club football across Europe.

Mascot

The official mascot of the competition was a rabbit named Rabbit, dressed in a Swedish football jersey, and wearing head and wristbands while playing with a ball.[13]

Sponsorship

Global sponsorsEvent sponsors
Sweden

References

  1. Chowdhury, Saj (12 May 2012). "Euro 1992: Denmark's fairytale". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Sweden to host 1992 Euro finals". New Straits Times. Reuters. 18 December 1988. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  3. Dietrich Schulze-Marmeling: Die Geschichte der Fußball-Europameisterschaft, Verlag Die Werkstatt, ISBN 978-3-89533-553-2
  4. Hughes, Rob (16 October 1991). "Now, the going gets tough". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  5. 1 2 Hughes, Rob (10 June 1992). "Confidence and flair: Dutch favored in Euro 92". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  6. "Yugoslav athletes banned". The New York Times. 1 June 1992. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  7. Thomsen, Ian (23 June 1992). "Danes upset Dutch in penalty shoot-out, advance to final". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  8. Thomsen, Ian (27 June 1992). "Upstart Danes upend Germany, 2–0, in soccer final". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  9. "United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 (Implementing Trade Embargo on Yugoslavia)". UMN.edu. United Nations. 30 May 1992. Retrieved 18 August 2008.
  10. "European Football Championship 1992 FINAL". euro2000.org. Union of European Football Associations. Archived from the original on 17 August 2000. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
  11. "Player statistics – Goals scored". Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  12. "1992 team of the tournament". Union of European Football Associations. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  13. Kell, Tom (1 February 2013). "The weird and wonderful world of Euro mascots". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
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