UCI Road World Championships

UCI Road World Championships
Status Active
Genre Road bicycle racing
Date(s) August–September
Frequency Annually
Location(s) Various
Inaugurated 1921
Previous event 2017
Next event 2018
Organised by UCI

The UCI Road World Championships are the annual world championships for bicycle road racing organized by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). The UCI Road World Championships consist of events for road race and individual time trial, and as of 2012 Team Time Trials.

Events

All the world championship events, except team time trials from 2012, are ridden by national teams, not trade teams such as in most other major races. The winner of each category is entitled to wear the rainbow jersey in races of that category (either mass start or time trial) until the next championships. It currently includes the following championships:

Former events:

History

The first world championships took place in 1921, though the only event that was contested was the Men's Road Race for Amateurs.[1] The first professional world championship took place in July 1927 at the Nürburgring in Germany where Italian Alfredo Binda won the professional men's race and Belgian Jean Aerts won the men's amateur race. The women's road race was introduced in 1958. A men's team time trial, contested by national teams, was introduced in 1962. Beginning in 1972, the team time trial was discontinued in Olympic years only. Individual time trials in all categories were added in 1994, which was also the last year for the original incarnation of the men's team time trial. In 2012, the men's team time trial was reinstated, and a women's team time trial added to the program; both are contested by trade teams.

Until 1995, there were separate races for male professional and amateur riders. In 1996, the amateur category was replaced with a category for men under-23 years old with the professional category becoming an open (later elite) category.

Since 1995, the race has been held towards the end of the European season in late September, usually following the Vuelta a España. Before that, the event had always been a summer race, held in late August or the first week of September (with the exception of 1970, when it was a mid-season summer event).

The world championships are located in a different city or region every year. The event can be held over a relatively flat course which favors cycling sprinters or a hilly course which favors a climbing specialist or all-round. In each case the course is usually held on a circuit of which the riders complete multiple laps.

The world championship road race and two of the three Grand Tours (namely the Giro d'Italia and the Tour de France) form the Triple Crown of Cycling.

Championships

All-time medal table

Updated after 2017 Championships.

Medal table includes only medals achieved in elite (senior) events. Mixed nation team events such as the Team Time Trial from 2012 to 2015 are excluded.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Italy504540135
2 Belgium38272893
3 France32293091
4 Netherlands31242479
5  Switzerland15211854
6 Germany13161948
7 Great Britain1311933
8 Soviet Union12161644
9 United States11131135
10 East Germany102416
11 Sweden95721
12 Spain8131637
13 Poland77317
14 Denmark511925
15 Australia410519
16 West Germany44513
17 Russia34411
18 Lithuania33511
19 Slovakia3104
20 Norway2248
21 Belarus2013
22 Luxembourg1348
23 New Zealand1225
24 Ukraine1214
25 Ireland1135
26 Latvia1102
27 Colombia1023
28 Portugal1001
29 Canada0325
30 Czechoslovakia0224
31 Austria0123
32 Hungary0112
32 Slovenia0112
34 Brazil0101
35 Kazakhstan0022
36 Czech Republic0011
 Uruguay0011
Total281281281843

Countries

See also

References

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