A tubeteika (Russian: тюбете́йка) is a Russian word for many varieties of traditional Central Asian caps. Tubeteikas are today worn in Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan, as well as in Muslim-populated regions of Russia (mainly Tatars) and Azerbaijan. The skullcap worn by Uzbeks and Uyghurs is called a doppa and has a square base.
The Uzbek doppa or duppi (Uzbek: doʻppi) is considered an applied art form and an important part of the traditional folk costume. Black with a flat, square base, In Chust, Uzbekistan, the caps are made with white embroidery with "four arches [which] represent impenetrable gates that will keep all enemies at bay; the burning peppers protect against the evil eye; and the almonds or bodom are said to symbolise life and fertility".
- "Tubeteika suits everybody". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- Mentges, Gabriele; Shamukhitdinova, Lola (2013). Modernity of Tradition: Uzbek Textile Culture Today. Waxmann Verlag. p. 115. ISBN 978-3-8309-7906-7.
- Lovell-Hoare, Sophie; Lovell-Hoare, Max (8 July 2013). Uzbekistan. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-84162-461-7.
Media related to Tubeteikas at Wikimedia Commons