Treble (association football)

A treble in association football is achieved when a club team wins three trophies in a single season. A 'continental treble'[1] involves winning the club's national league competition, main national cup competition and a continental trophy. A 'domestic treble' involves winning three national competitions—normally the league title, the primary cup competition and one secondary competition.[2][3]

Competitions which consist of a single match or a two-leg match (e.g. the FA Community Shield, Irish FA Charity Shield, Supercopa de España, Trophée des Champions, the Recopa Sudamericana, the UEFA Super Cup or the Intercontinental Cup) are not normally counted as part of a treble.

Continental trebles

This list includes clubs who have won their country's top tier league and the primary cup competition (the double), in addition to the major continental tournament, all within a single season. This was first achieved in 1967 by Celtic, winning the Scottish Football League, Scottish Cup and European Cup.

In total, 19 clubs across five confederations have achieved the feat on 23 occasions since 1967, including seven African clubs, seven European clubs[4], two Oceanian clubs, two North American clubs and one Asian club. This list does not include secondary continental and domestic competitions.

In Europe, Spanish club Barcelona is the only club to have won this treble twice.[5][6]

Club Country Confederation Season/Year(s) Titles won
Celtic Scotland UEFA 1966–67[b] Scottish Football League, Scottish Cup, European Cup
Ajax Netherlands 1971–72 Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup
PSV 1987–88 Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup
Manchester United England 1998–99 Premier League, FA Cup, UEFA Champions League
Barcelona Spain 2008–09 La Liga, Copa del Rey, UEFA Champions League
Internazionale Italy 2009–10 Serie A, Coppa Italia, UEFA Champions League
Bayern Munich Germany 2012–13[i] Bundesliga, DFB Pokal, UEFA Champions League
Barcelona (2) Spain 2014–15 La Liga, Copa del Rey, UEFA Champions League
Englebert DR Congo CAF 1967 Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions
Vita Club Zaire 1973 Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions
MC Algiers Algeria 1976 Algerian Championnat National, Algerian Cup, African Cup of Champions
Club Africain Tunisia 1991–92 Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1, Tunisian Cup, CAF Champions League
Hearts of Oak Ghana 2000 Ghana Premier League, Ghanaian FA Cup, CAF Champions League
Al-Ahly Egypt 2005–06[g] Egyptian League, Egyptian Soccer Cup, CAF Champions League
Espérance Tunisia 2011 Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1, Tunisian Cup, CAF Champions League
Cruz Azul Mexico CONCACAF 1968–69[e] Primera División de México, Copa México, CONCACAF Champions Cup
Defence Force Trinidad and Tobago 1985 TT Pro League, Trinidad and Tobago Cup, CONCACAF Champions Cup
Yomiuri Japan AFC 1987 Japanese First Division, Emperor's Cup, Asian Club Championship
Auckland City New Zealand OFC 2006 NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League
Waitakere United New Zealand 2008 NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League
Auckland City (2) New Zealand 2013–14[d] NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League
Auckland City (3) New Zealand 2014–15[c] NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League

Domestic trebles

A domestic treble consists of a club winning three of their country's competitions (top-tier league, cup, league cup, etc), all during one season. Many countries do not have a third domestic competition (such as a League Cup), besides competitions consisting of a single match or a two-leg match (e.g. Supercups), so achieving a domestic treble is impossible (modern examples include Germany and Italy).

Some leagues, including the A-League, the New Zealand Football Championship, the Premier Soccer League in South Africa, the Q-League in Qatar and Major League Soccer, each award only one championship trophy at the end of postseason knockout playoffs. However, teams in those leagues are able to achieve a domestic treble as those leagues award separate trophies for the team that finishes the regular season atop the league table.

Most Latin American leagues host two league competitions per season with each one lasting half of a year. Also, some cases like Mexico also host two of the same cup competition. Brazil has an unofficial "Triple Crown", a name given to a team that wins the national league, the national cup, and their state league.

Note that trophy competitions which consist of a single match or a two-leg match (e.g. Supercups in general) are generally not counted as part of a treble.

Club Country Number
won
Year(s) won Titles won
Rangers Scotland
7
1949, 1964, 1976[n], 1978, 1993, 1999, 2003[7] Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup
South China Hong Kong
6
1972, 1987, 1988[a], 1991[a], 2002, 2007 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Viceroy Cup (1972)
Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Viceroy Cup (1987)
Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup (1988, 1991)
Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong League Cup (2002)
Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup (2007)
Kaizer Chiefs South Africa
6
1976, 1977, 1981, 1984[k], 1989, 1992 NPSL, Nedbank Cup, MTN 8 (1976, 1977, 1981, 1992)
NPSL, Nedbank Cup, Telkom Knockout (1984)
NSL, Telkom Knockout, MTN 8 (1989)
Al Ahly Egypt
5
1925, 1927, 1931, 1950, 1958 Cairo League, Egypt Cup, Sultan Hussein Cup (1925, 1927, 1931)
Egyptian Premier League, Cairo League, Egypt Cup (1950, 1958)
Linfield Northern Ireland
5
1922[c], 1962[c], 1994, 2006,[c] 2008 Irish League, Irish Cup, County Antrim Shield (1922, 1962)
Irish League, Irish Cup, Irish League Cup (1994)
Irish Premier League, Irish Cup, Irish League Cup (2006, 2008)
Seiko Hong Kong
5
1973, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1985 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Viceroy Cup (1973, 1979, 1985)
Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup (1980, 1981)
Celtic Scotland
5
1967, 1969, 2001, 2017[8], 2018 Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup
Arsenal Ladies England
4
1993, 2001 and 2007, 2009 FA Women's Cup, Women's League Cup, FA Women's Premier League National Division
Shamrock Rovers Republic of Ireland
3
1925, 1932, 1964[9] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield[b]
Buriram PEA / Buriram United Thailand
3
2011, 2013[g], 2015[o] Thai Premier League, Thai FA Cup, Thai League Cup
Kitchee Hong Kong
3
2012, 2015, 2017 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong League Cup (2012)
Hong Kong Premier League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong League Cup (2015)
Hong Kong Premier League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong Senior Shield (2017)
Paris Saint-Germain France
3
2015[m], 2016[m], 2018[m] Ligue 1, Coupe de France, Coupe de la Ligue
Melbourne Victory Australia
2
2009, 2015 A-League Pre-Season Challenge Cup, A-League Premiership, A-League Championship (2009)
A-League Premiership, A-League Championship, FFA Cup (2015)
Valletta  Malta
2
1997[h], 2001[i] Maltese Premier League, Maltese Cup, Löwenbräu Cup
Barry Town Wales
2
1997, 1999 Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup (1997)
Welsh Premier League, FAW Premier Cup, Welsh League Cup (1999)
Eastern Hong Kong
2
1993, 1994 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup
Sunrise Mauritius
2
1992, 1996 Mauritian League, Mauritian Cup, Mauritian Republic Cup
Kedah Malaysia
2
2007, 2008[10] Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup
Orlando Pirates South Africa
2
1973, 2011[l] NPSL, Nedbank Cup, MTN 8
Albirex Niigata Singapore Singapore
2
2016[r], 2017[r] S.League, Singapore Cup, Singapore League Cup
The New Saints Wales
2
2015, 2016 Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup
Bohemians Republic of Ireland
1
1928[11] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield[b]
Fall River Marksmen United States
1
1930[12] American Soccer League, National Challenge Cup, Lewis Cup
Brookhattan United States
1
1945[13] American Soccer League, National Challenge Cup, Lewis Cup
Bahia Brazil
1
1959 Campeonato Baiano, Taça Norte-Nordeste, Taça Brasil
Santos Brazil
1
1964 Campeonato Paulista, Torneio Rio-São Paulo, Taça Brasil
Toronto Croatia Canada
1
1971[14] NSL Cup, NSL Regular Season Champion, NSL Playoff Champion
Mitsubishi Motors Japan
1
1978 Japan Soccer League, Emperor's Cup, JSL Cup
Servette Switzerland
1
1979 Nationalliga A, Swiss Cup, Swiss League Cup
Levski Sofia Bulgaria
1
1984[15] Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, Bulgarian Cup, Cup of the Soviet Army
CSKA Sofia Bulgaria
1
1989 Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, Bulgarian Cup, Cup of the Soviet Army
Derry City Northern Ireland
1
1989[16] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Cup
Nissan Motors Japan
1
1989 Japan Soccer League, Emperor's Cup, JSL Cup
Mamelodi Sundowns South Africa
1
1990 NSL, Telkom Knockout, MTN 8
Palmeiras Brazil
1
1993 Campeonato Paulista, Torneio Rio-São Paulo, Campeonato Brasileiro
Melbourne Knights Australia
1
1995[17] NSL Cup, NSL Minor Premiership, NSL Grand Final
ÍA Iceland
1
1996 Úrvalsdeild karla, Icelandic Cup, Deildabikar
Al-Ittihad FC  Saudi Arabia
1
1997 Saudi Premier League, Crown Prince Cup, Federation Cup
Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya Iraq
1
1997[p] Iraqi Premier League, Iraq FA Cup, Iraqi Elite Cup
Pusan Daewoo Royals South Korea
1
1997 K League, Korean League Cup, Korean League Cup (Supplementary Cup)
Suwon Samsung Bluewings South Korea
1
1999 K League, Korean League Cup, Korean League Cup (Supplementary Cup)[j]
Al-Zawra'a Iraq
1
2000[q] Iraqi Premier League, Iraq FA Cup, Iraqi Elite Cup
Bayern Munich Germany
1
2000 Bundesliga, DFB Pokal, DFB Ligapokal
Kashima Antlers Japan
1
2000 J. League, Emperor's Cup, J. League Cup
Fulham Ladies England
1
2003 FA Women's Cup, Women's League Cup, FA Women's Premier League National Division
Cruzeiro Brazil
1
2003[18] Campeonato Mineiro, Copa do Brasil, Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Rhyl Wales
1
2004[19] Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup
Al-Hilal  Saudi Arabia
1
2005 Saudi Premier League, Crown Prince Cup, Federation Cup
Brøndby Denmark
1
2005 Danish Superliga, Danish Cup, Danish League Cup[d]
Sun Hei Hong Kong
1
2005[20] Hong Kong League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup[e]
AS Port-Louis 2000 Mauritius
1
2005 Mauritian League, Mauritian Cup, Mauritian Republic Cup
Al-Sadd Qatar
1
2007[21] Qatari League, Emir of Qatar Cup, Qatar Crown Prince Cup
Curepipe Mauritius
1
2008 Mauritian League, Mauritian Cup, Mauritian Republic Cup
Debreceni Hungary
1
2010 Nemzeti Bajnokság I, Magyar Kupa, Ligakupa[f]
Kelantan Malaysia
1
2012[22] Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup
Atlético Nacional Colombia
1
2013[23] Categoría Primera A Torneo Apertura, Copa Colombia, Categoría Primera A Torneo Finalización
Lincoln Gibraltar
1
2014 Gibraltar Premier Division, Rock Cup, Gibraltar Premier Cup
Benfica Portugal
1
2014 Primeira Liga, Taça de Portugal, Taça da Liga
Gamba Osaka Japan
1
2014 J. League, Emperor's Cup, J. League Cup
Maccabi Tel Aviv Israel
1
2015 Israeli Premier League, Israel State Cup, Israeli Toto Cup
Steaua București Romania
1
2015 Liga I, Cupa României, Cupa Ligii
Sydney FC Australia
1
2017 A-League Premiership, A-League Championship, FFA Cup
Toronto FC Canada
1
2017 Supporters' Shield, Canadian Championship, MLS Cup
Al-Duhail SC Qatar
1
2018 Qatar Stars League, Emir of Qatar Cup, Qatar Cup

See also

References

  1. Raja aiming high once more. FIFA (2008-06-04). Retrieved on 2009-06-23 – 'continental treble' mentioned in this article.
  2. Spiers, Graham (2008-01-30). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/sport/football/scotland/article3274019.ece Walter Smith demands final push as Rangers target domestic treble. The Times. Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
  3. Ralston, Gary (2008-09-26). Domestic treble for Rangers will make up for failure in Europe, says Pedro Mendes. Daily Record. Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
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  5. uefa.com (2015-06-06). "UEFA Champions League – News – UEFA.com". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  6. "Barça make history with second treble! | FC Barcelona". www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
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