Tirtha (Jainism)

In Jainism, a tīrtha (Sanskrit: तीर्थ "ford, a shallow part of a body of water that may be easily crossed") is used to refer both to pilgrimage sites as well as to the four sections of the sangha. A tirtha provides the inspiration to enable one to cross over from worldly engagement to the side of moksha.[1]

Jain tirthas are located throughout India. Often a tirtha has a number of temples as well as residences (dharmashala) for the pilgrims and wandering monks and scholars.


Tirtha sites include:[2]


Geographically, the tirthas are divided into six quarters:[3]

See also


  1. Special features of sacred places of Jains Archived 2009-04-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. Jainism: A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-Violence, Kurt Titze, Motilal Banarsidass; 2nd edition (March 5, 2001)
  3. Bharat ke Digambar Jain Tirth, Volume 1, Balbhadra Jain, 1974
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