Bazar / ⴱⴰⵣⴰⵔ
Location in Algeria
|Coordinates: 36°35′31″N 2°26′58″E / 36.59194°N 2.44944°ECoordinates: 36°35′31″N 2°26′58″E / 36.59194°N 2.44944°E|
|Designated||1982 (6th session)|
Tipaza Lighthouse and the promontory
|Coordinates||36°35′49.66″N 2°26′51.62″E / 36.5971278°N 2.4476722°E|
|Year first constructed||1867|
|Tower shape||quadrangular tower with balcony and lantern|
|Markings / pattern||white tower, dark green lantern|
|Height||13.58 metres (44.6 ft)|
|Focal height||34.08 metres (111.8 ft)|
|Light source||main power|
|Range||18 nautical miles (33 km; 21 mi)|
|Characteristic||Oc W 4s.|
|Managing agent||Office Nationale de Signalisation Maritime|
Tipaza (formerly Tefessedt, Chenoua-Berber: Bazar, ⴱⴰⵣⴰⵔ, Arabic: تيپازة) is the Berber-speaking city and capital of the Tipaza Province, Algeria. When it was part of the Roman Empire, it was called Tipasa. The modern town was founded in 1857, and is chiefly remarkable for its ancient ruins and sandy littoral.
Tipasa, as the city was then called, was an old Punic trading-post conquered by Ancient Rome. It was subsequently turned into a military colony by the emperor Claudius for the conquest of the kingdoms of Mauretania.
The city served as an important Christian hub during the last centuries of Roman governorship, with three basilicas.
Tipasa was destroyed by the Vandals in 430 CE, but was reconstructed by the Byzantines one century later. At the end of the seventh century the city was demolished by Umayyad forces and reduced to ruins.
In the nineteenth century the place was settled again. Now it is a town of nearly 30,000 inhabitants. The city is an important tourist place in modern Algeria, mainly because of the Tipasa ruins.
Near Tipaza, the Tipaza longwave transmitter is broadcasting French language Channel 3 radio programs from the Algerian Broadcasting Company. The longwave frequency 252 kHz can be well received in many parts of Europe.
The town and its surroundings is home to the largest Berber-speaking group of western Algeria, the Chenoua people.
- "Tipaza". Office Nationale de Signalisation Maritime. Ministere des Travaux Publics. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
- List of Lights, Pub. 113: The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2015.
- "Western Algeria". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
- Toutain, Jules. "Fouilles de M. Gsell à Tipasa : Basilique de Sainte Salsa". Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire. 11 (1): 179–185. doi:10.3406/mefr.1891.6684.
- see - tuned to 252khz, as of 2015 Sept. 22
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Tipaza.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tipaza.|