Timeline of Oran

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Oran, Algeria.

Prior to 19th century

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History of Algeria
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19th century

  • 1831 – Pujol appointed mayor of Oran.
  • 1836 – General Létang transforms the glacis Castle-Nine into a walk which bears its name.
  • 1837 – General Bugeaud arrived in Oran to negotiate a new treaty (The Treaty of Tafna, May 20) with Emir Abd El-Kader. On November 14 the Emir signed a treaty with Desmichel recognizing its [whose?] authority to the west of Algiers except for Oran, Mostaganem and Arzew.
  • 1845 – General Lamoricière constructed the "Village Nègre."
  • 1847 – Following a severe drought lasting several months, a terrible epidemic of cholera strikes, decimating the population of Oran.
  • 1848
    • Algiers-Oran railway begins operating.[1]
    • Oran becomes the prefecture of the administrative department of the same name.
    • Creation of the small Basin of the Old Port (four hectares).[1]
    • A civil hospital is built.
  • 1849 – Cholera outbreak.[1]
  • 1850 – Chapelle de Santa Cruz (church) construction begins atop Aïdour.
  • 1858 – December 5: The members of the first general council of Oran, named by Emperor Napoleon III, meet with the prefecture, with Jules de Pre de Saint-Maur as chairman.
  • 1862 – Slaughterhouse built.[1]
  • 1866 – Roman Catholic Diocese of Oran established.[5]
  • 1877 – University Hospital of Oran construction begins.
  • 1878 – Société de Géographie et d’Archéologie d’Oran founded.[6]
  • 1880
    • Great Synagogue of Oran built.[7]
    • Oran builds a great extension starting from the place d'Armes. The ravine of l'Oued Rouina is filled.
  • 1881 – Horse-drawn tram begins operating.[1]
  • 1885 – Municipal Museum of Oran and Demaeght established.
  • 1886 – Hôtel de ville d'Oran (city hall) built.[8]
  • 1899 – Electric tram begins operating.[1]
  • 1900 – Population: 93,000.[1]

20th century

1900s–1940s

  • 1907 – Construction of the theatre.
  • 1909 – December 14: the first flight in Oran is carried out by Julien Serviès on a Sommer monoplane at Sénia,. Next 9 January, a great meeting gathers forty thousand people, also in Sénia, in the presence of Marshal Lyautey.
  • 1912 – Population: 123,086.[9]
  • 1913 – Cathedral Sacré Coeur built.
  • 1928 – Oran socialiste newspaper begins publication.
  • 1930 – Creation of new districts, less dense and more luxurious: these included higher Gambetta, Bon Reception, the Beavers, Médioni, Small Boulanger, Cité... This development continues overall with the creation of districts even more sumptuous, overflowing the first crown (district of Saint-Hubert, Palm trees, Point of the Day, Gambetta...)
  • 1930–32 – Sénia, the Oran aérodrome, is where several world records of duration and distance in closed loop are established.
  • 1936 – Population: 195,000.[1]
  • 1940
    • Beginning of the construction of the new prefecture.
    • July 3: following the German invasion of Paris and fall of France, the British fleet attacked from Gibraltar, damaging the French fleet of the Atlantic based at Mers el Kébir. Its bombardment sank three battleships: Dunkerque, Provence and Bretagne. Twelve hundred French sailors died as a result. The British feared that the French fleet could be taken over and used against them. The Vichy government operated in Algeria.
  • 1942 – November 8: as prelude to the invasion of Italy, the British and the Americans land at Arzew, and Oran capitulates on November 10.
  • 1946 – MC Oran football club formed.
  • 1947 – Camus' fictional novel The Plague published.[3]
  • 1948 – Population: 244,594.[10]
  • 1949 – OS attack post office.[11]

1950s–1990s

21st century

See also

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Tinthoin 1956.
  2. 1 2 3 Stanley 2008.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Phillip C. Naylor (2006). Historical Dictionary of Algeria. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6480-1.
  4. J.M. López Marinas; R. Salord. "Problems regarding the investigation of the 1790 Orán seismic period". Tectonophysics. 193. doi:10.1016/0040-1951(91)90204-6.
  5. "Chronology of Catholic Dioceses: Algeria". Norway: Roman Catholic Diocese of Oslo. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  6. Saddek Benkada (2000). "Un Patrimoine culturel: les publications de la Société de Géographie et d'Archéologie d'Oran (1878–1988)". Insaniyat (in French). Oran: Centre de recherche en anthropologie sociale et culturelle (12). doi:10.4000/insaniyat.7910. ISSN 2253-0738.
  7. Senhadji Khiat 2010.
  8. Seguy 1888.
  9. "France: Africa: Algeria". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1921. pp. 880–886 via Internet Archive.
  10. "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  11. 1 2 "Algeria". Political Chronology of Africa. Political Chronologies of the World. Europa Publications. 2001. p. 1+. ISBN 0203409957.
  12. 1 2 3 "Tallest buildings in Oran". Emporis.com. Hamburg: Emporis GmbH. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  13. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.
  14. United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.
  15. Marc Schade-Poulsen (1999). Men and Popular Music in Algeria: The Social Significance of Raï. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-77740-8.
  16. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2005. United Nations Statistics Division.
  17. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2015. United Nations Statistics Division. 2016. Wahran
  18. "Algeria Inaugurates New Renault Plant in Oran", New York Times, 10 November 2014
  19. "AG extraordinaire aujourd'hui: L'APC d'Oran passera de 12 à 18 délégations communales", Le Quotidien d'Oran (in French), Oran, 16 January 2017
  20. "APC d'Oran: Installation de nouveaux directeurs", Le Carrefour d'Algérie (in French), Oran, 6 February 2017
This article incorporates information from the French Wikipedia and Spanish Wikipedia.

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