Tibet Area (administrative division)

Tibet Area
西藏地方
Area of the Republic of China (1928–51)
Area of the People's Republic of China (1951–65)

1928–1965
Tibet Area (red) in the Republic of China
Capital Lhasa
Historical era 20th Century
  Established 1928
  Battle of Chamdo 1950
  Seventeen Point
Agreement
23 May 1951
  Replacement of Kashag with the Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region
after the 1959 Tibetan uprising
1959
  Establishment of the
Tibet Autonomous Region
22 April 1965
Area
  1953 1,221,600 km2 (471,662 sq mi)
Population
  1953 1,274,969 
Density 1 /km2  (2.7 /sq mi)
Today part of  China

The Tibet Area was a province-level administrative division of the Republic of China and early People's Republic of China. The Republic of China never had any real control over the area, which was de facto controlled by the Ganden Phodrang government in Lhasa. When the republic was founded in 1912, the Kashag controlled about the same area as the Tibet Area, but later also took control of the western portion of Sikang Province; thus for the most of the Republic of China period, Lhasa controlled an area which was near identical to the contemporary Tibet Autonomous Region. The People's Republic of China invaded Chamdo (not part of Tibet Area until 1951) in 1950 and incorporated the Dalai Lama-controlled regions in 1951. Following the 1959 Tibetan uprising, the State Council of the PRC ordered to replace the Kashag government with the "Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region" which was established in 1956. The current Tibet Autonomous Region was established in 1965.

Administrative divisions

1956–1959

  • Administrative divisions setup by the Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region
Division (专区) Tibetan Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin County ()
Lhasa Division Office 拉萨办事处 Lāsà Bànshìchù 9 counties
Xigazê Division Office 日喀则办事处 Rìkāzé Bànshìchù 12 counties
Heihe Division Office 黑河办事处 Hēihé Bànshìchù 4 counties
Ngari Division Office 阿里办事处 Ālǐ Bànshìchù 8 counties
Shannan Division Office 山南办事处 Shānnán Bànshìchù 10 counties
Tagong Division Office 塔工办事处 Tǎgōng Bànshìchù 6 counties
Gyangzê Division Office 江孜办事处 Jiāngzī Bànshìchù 6 counties
Qamdo Division Office 昌都办事处 Chāngdū Bànshìchù 18 counties

References

    See also

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