Tholo language

Pronunciation [thólōzɑ̄]
Native to China
Region Yunnan
Native speakers
2,000 (2009)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ytl
Glottolog tang1372[2]

Tanglang (Chinese: 堂郎语), or Tholo (autonym: tʰo˥lo˧zɑ˧), is a Loloish language spoken by 947 people in 8 villages of southern Tai'an Township 太安乡, Lijiang County, Yunnan, including in Hongmai 红麦 [3][4] and Shuijing 水井村[5] villages. Tanglang has been in long-term contact with Bai, and is also in contact with Naxi.[4] The speakers' name for the language is tʰo42 lo42.[4]

Tanglang is taught in local schools.


Tanglang speakers are referred to by the following names.[5]

  • autonym: tʰo42 lo42 zɑ33 (Tulusha 吐鲁沙)
  • exonym in Heqing County: Tanglangzi 堂郎子
  • exonym of the Nalu 那鲁 (Heihua 黑话) people: Moxie 麽些
  • exonym in Jianchuan County 剑川县: tʰo31 lo31 χo33
  • exonym in Lijiangba District 丽江县坝区: tʰo33 le33 dʌ31
  • exonym in Nanshan 南山: lu55 lu33


  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tanglang = Toloza". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. 1 2 3 Bradley, David. 2004. Endangered Central Ngwi Languages of Central Yunnan. Keynote Presentation, 37th International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics, Lund University, Sweden.
  5. 1 2 盖兴之. 2002. 堂郎话概况. 《民族语文)2002年第3期.

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