Texas State Highway 71
State Highway 71
|Maintained by TxDOT|
|Length||253.199 mi (407.484 km)|
|Existed||1923 – present|
|Counties||McCulloch, Mason, San Saba, Llano, Burnet, Blanco, Travis, Bastrop, Fayette, Colorado, Wharton, Matagorda|
State Highway 71 or SH 71 is a Texas state highway that runs 253 miles (407 km). The northern terminus is at US 87 and US 377 south of Brady and its southern terminus is at SH 35 near Blessing. This highway is designated the "10th Mountain Division Highway" from SH 95 to Interstate 35.
SH 71 was originally designated on August 21, 1923 from Austin to Columbus, replacing SH 3D and the western half of SH 3A. On June 8, 1925, SH 71 extended to Midfield, though this was not effective until 1926. On March 19, 1928, it extended south to its current end. On June 21, 1938, SH 71 Spur was designated. In 1935, U.S. Highway 290 was codesignated along the stretch from Austin to Bastrop, dropping SH 71 from this section completely on September 26, 1939. SH 71 Spur was renumbered as Spur 52. On May 23, 1951, this section was restored when US 290 was rerouted farther north. On October 24, 1955, SH 71 was signed, but not designated along Ranch to Market Road 93 to Llano. On October 31, 1965, the highway was extended to its current designation over the cancelled Ranch to Market Road 93 and Ranch to Market Road 734. On February 16, 1982, SH 71 was relocated in Columbus.
Through Austin, SH 71 is known as Ben White Boulevard and is one of Austin's newest freeways. Sections have opened regularly since 1996, when the first section west of Interstate 35 was opened. A 5-level stack was completed at Interstate 35 in December 2011, and the freeway east of Interstate 35 to Austin-Bergstrom International Airport was completed in 2014. Construction commenced in 2015 east of US183 (Bastrop Freeway) where a section of SH71 to the SH130 tollway has been converted into a tollway with a two lane bridge crossing 130.
Major displacements of commercial properties were required to build the Austin expansions. Most of the freeway had a 150 ft (46 m) wide right-of-way which was expanded to 300+ feet (91m+), and the western segment, which opened in 1998, was built on an 80 ft (24 m) right-of-way. The section at the western end required many more business displacements. The new freeway features depressed sections, elevated sections, and partial stack interchanges.
SH 71 has two business routes.
Business State Highway 71-F (formerly Loop 329) is a business loop that runs through Columbus. The city was bypassed in 1982 and the original route was designated as Loop 329. The road was redesignated as Business SH 71-F in 1991.
|Mason||Fredonia||SH 71 briefly enters San Saba County just east of here|
|Llano||||West end of SH 29 overlap|
|Llano||East end of SH 29 overlap; west end of SH 16 overlap|
|East end of SH 16 overlap|
||No major junctions|
|Austin||West end of US 290 overlap|
|See US 290|
|East end of US 290 overlap|
|Woodward Street, Todd Lane, Burleson Road|
|East end of freeway|
|Interchange; no direct westbound exit and eastbound entrance (signed at Presidential Boulevard / Cardinal Loop)|
|Interchange; no direct westbound exit and eastbound entrance (signed at SH 130)|
|Interchange; eastbound exit and westbound entrance; SH 130 exit 449|
|SH 130 exit 449|
|||Interchange; west end of SH 21 overlap|
|||West end of expressway|
|East end of expressway|
|East end of SH 21 overlap; west end of SH 95 overlap|
|||Interchange; east end of SH 95 overlap|
|Smithville||Colorado Street (County Road 319)||Interchange|
|||West end of freeway|
|La Grange||Access to St Mark's Medical Center|
|||East end of freeway|
|Columbus||Round House Road||Interchange|
|Interchange; westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|||Interchange; west end of I-10 overlap, east exit 693, west exit 695; no eastbound entrance|
|Columbus||East end of I-10 overlap, exit 696|
|U.S. 59 is the future Interstate 69|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Texas Department of Transportation,
- (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676878.pdf. Missing or empty
- (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676908.pdf. Missing or empty
- (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676245.pdf. Missing or empty
- Texas Department of Transportation, Highway Designation File - Business State Highway 71-E
- Texas Department of Transportation, Highway Designation File - State Highway Loop 329
- Texas Department of Transportation, Highway Designation File - Business State Highway 71-F