Television in Taiwan
China · Hong Kong · Macau
Singapore · Taiwan
Communications Authority (Hong Kong)
China · Hong Kong · Macau
Singapore · Taiwan
Chinese-language TV channels
- 10 October 1962 at 19:00 TST: 1st free-to-air terrestrial television station Taiwan Television (TTV) on VHF Channel 1 (174.250-MHz) was officially launched and initially broadcasting hours were from 17:00 until 23:00 TST, a total of six hours daily.
- 31 October 1969 at 19:00 TST: 2nd free-to-air terrestrial television station China Television (CTV) on VHF Channel 3 (186.250-MHz) was officially launched and initially broadcasting hours were from 18:00 until 23:00 TST, a total of five hours daily.
- 31 October 1971 at 19:00 TST: 3rd free-to-air terrestrial television station Chinese Television System (CTS) on VHF Channel 5 (198.250-MHz) was officially launched and initially broadcasting hours were from 19:00 until 23:00 TST, a total of four hours daily.
On 11 June 1997, two new free-to-air television channels were officially launched:
- Formosa Television (FTV), on 11 June 1997 at 18:00 TST on UHF Channel 28 (557.250-MHz).
- Public Television Service (PTS), on 1 July 1998 at 19:00 TST on UHF Channel 26 (545.250-MHz).
Taiwan terminated over-the-air analogue broadcasting on 30 June 2012, and the remainder of the analogue system ended in 2014, when the analogue cable television broadcasts were terminated.
Digital television launched terrestrially throughout Taiwan on 1 July 2004. Currently, there are simulcasts of analogue and digital television. Taiwan plans to replace analogue broadcasting with a digital system by 2014 after the analogue cable broadcast terminated. The Republic of China Cabinet approved a measure mandating that all new televisions are to be equipped with a digital television tuner from 2006. The rule will apply to TVs measuring between 21 and 29 inches in 2007, and to sets of all sizes in 2008, the Cabinet said in a statement. To assist lower-income families with the switch to digital television, the government plans to provide NT$300 million in aid to purchase converters or for the purchase of new digital televisions. In February 2009, the National Communications Commission proposed amendments to the Cable Television Act; they include mandating cable companies to provide free set-top boxes.
Cable television is prevalent in Taiwan, as a result of cheap subscription rates (typically around NT$550, or US$15 a month) and the paucity of free-to-air television, which comprises four channels. Programming is mostly in Mandarin and Taiwanese, with some English, Japanese and other foreign-language channels. Miniseries, called Taiwanese drama, are popular. There is a dedicated station for Taiwan's Hakka minority as well as the arrival in 2005 of an aboriginal channel. Almost all programs are in the original language with traditional Chinese subtitles.
The Republic of China government is pushing for a switch to digital television services in the near future - this will be provided through a set-top box and will increase the number of available channels.
List of channels
In Taiwan, there are seven nationwide free-to-air television networks, as follows:
|Name||Free-to-air Channels||Owner||Channel № (Digital)||Launch Date||Status||Note|
|Taiwan Television (TTV)
|TTV Main Channel(TTV HD)||Taiwan Television (TTV)
|Channel 32 (UHF)||10 October 1962||Free-to-air||TTV's main channel.|
|China Television (CTV)
|CTV Main Channel (CTV HD)||China Television (CTV)
|Channel 24 (UHF)||31 October 1969||CTV's main channel.|
|Chinese Television System (CTS)
|CTS Main Channel (CTS HD)||Chinese Television System (CTS)
|Channel 34 (UHF)||31 October 1971||CTS's main channel.|
|Formosa Television (FTV)
|FTV Main Channel (FTV HD)||Formosa Television (FTV)
|Channel 28 (UHF)||11 June 1997||FTV's main channel.|
|Public Television Service (PTS)
|PTS Main Channel (PTS HD)||Taiwan Broadcasting System (TBS)
|Channel 26 (UHF)||1 July 1998||PTS's main channel.|
|Hakka Television Station (Hakka TV)
|Hakka TV Main Channel (Hakka TV HD)||Taiwan Broadcasting System (TBS)
|Channel 30 (UHF)||1 July 2003||Hakka TV's main channel.|
|Taiwan Indigenous Television (TITV)
|TITV Main Channel (TITV HD)||Indigenous Peoples Cultural Foundation (IPCF)
|Channel 30 (UHF)||1 July 2005||TITV's main channel.|
- Shan, Shelley (2009-02-11). "NCC resolves to promote transition to digital TV". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
- "Cabinet launches move to digital TV". Archived from the original on 2008-06-17. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "Taiwan trials HiHD channel". Asia-Pacific Broadcasting. 2008-06-05. Retrieved 2008-06-10.