Television channel frequencies

The following tables show the frequencies assigned to broadcast television channels in various regions of the world, along with the ITU letter designator for the system used. The frequencies shown are for the analogue video and audio carriers. The channel itself occupies several megahertz of bandwidth. For example, North American channel 2 occupies the spectrum from 54 to 60 MHz. See Broadcast television systems for a table of signal characteristics, including bandwidth, by ITU letter designator.

VHF

North and South America (most countries), South Korea, Taiwan and the Philippines

Channel 1 was finally withdrawn on June 14, 1948, and allocated to fixed and mobile services. In some countries using the standard, channels 5 and 6 are allocated to non-broadcast services. An international agreement provides for a unified television bandplan, with 6-MHz channels throughout ITU Region II for both VHF and UHF bands, except for French territories, Falkland Islands, Greenland and Netherlands Antilles. Not all territories observe this bandplan.

During World War II the frequencies originally assigned as channels 13 to 18 were appropriated by the military, which still uses them. It was also decided to move the allocation for FM radio from the 42-50 MHz band to a larger 88-106 MHz band (later extended to the current 88-108 MHz FM band). This required a reassignment of the VHF channels to the plan currently in use.

Assignments since February 25, 1946

Notes:

VHF low-band (band I)
ChannelLower edgeVideo carrierATSC carrierAudio carrierUpper edge
14445.2544.3149.7550
25455.2554.3159.7560
36061.2560.3165.7566
46667.2566.3171.7572
57677.2576.3181.7582
68283.2582.3187.7588

Note: FM channel 200, 87.9 MHz, overlaps TV 6. This is used only by KSFH and K200AA. Channel 6A is only used in South Korea and the Philippines.
TV 6 analog audio can be heard on FM 87.75 on most broadcast radio receivers as well as on a European TV tuned to channel 4A or channel C, but at lower volume than wideband FM broadcast stations, because of the lower deviation. Channel 1 audio is the same as European Channel 2 audio and the video is the same as European Channel 2A. Channel 2 video is the same as European Channel 3 video.

VHF high-band (band III)
ChannelLower edgeVideo carrierATSC carrierAudio carrierUpper edge
7174175.25174.31179.75180
8180181.25180.31185.75186
9186187.25186.31191.75192
10192193.25192.31197.75198
11198199.25198.31203.75204
12204205.25204.31209.75210
13210211.25210.31215.75216

Japan

Note: Basically, the frequency spacing for each channel is 6 MHz as the countries above, except between channels 7 and 8 (which overlap).

VHF low-band
ChannelLower edgeVideo carrierAudio carrierUpper edge
19091.2595.7596
29697.25101.75102
3102103.25107.75108
VHF high-band
ChannelLower edgeVideo carrierAudio carrierUpper edge
4170171.25175.75176
5176177.25181.75182
6182183.25187.75188
7188189.25193.75194
8192193.25197.75198
9198199.25203.75204
10204205.25209.75210
11210211.25215.75216
12216217.25221.75222

United Kingdom and most British Territories

System A 405 lines (discontinued in 1985)
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
145.0041.50
251.7548.25
356.7553.25
461.7558.25
566.7563.25
6179.75176.25
7184.75181.25
8189.75186.25
9194.75191.25
10199.75196.25
11204.75201.25
12209.75206.25
13214.75211.25

Republic of Ireland

System I 625 lines
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
A45.7551.75
B53.7559.75
C61.7567.75
D175.25181.25
E183.25189.25
F191.25197.25
G199.25205.25
H207.25213.25
I215.25221.25
J223.25229.25

Note: Channel A was never used terrestrially. The only System I Band I transmitter on Channel B was RTÉ One from the Maghera, Co. Clare transmitter during 1963-1999. Channel A was initially intended for use at Maghera but Channel B was used instead because of the risk of interference to (overspill) reception of BBC 405 line transmissions . It was moved to Channel E due to interference from distant transmitters on channel 3 and channel itA via certain atmospheric conditions and other reasons. Channel C was used by a relay transmitter in Glanmire, Co. Cork. Channel B video is the same as Italian Channel A video and Channel C audio is the same as Channel 4 audio). There are currently no Band I Channels used in Ireland (except on cable TV, and these have mostly been phased out for DOCSIS use) and no plans to resume using them. Most Irish Cable TV systems do not follow the above channel plan as their analogue (video) carriers are usually at multiples of 8 MHz (i.e. 176, 184, 192 MHz etc. in Band III)

Western Europe, Greenland and most countries in Asia, Africa and Oceania

System B 625 lines
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)[1][2]Audio carrier (MHz)
141.2546.75
1A42.2547.75
248.2553.75
2A49.7555.25
355.2560.75
462.2567.75
4A82.2587.75
5175.25180.75
6182.25187.75
7189.25194.75
8196.25201.75
9203.25208.75
10210.25215.75
11217.25222.75
12224.25229.75
  • NOTE: Channels 1 and 1A were used for early experimental broadcasts and are no longer allocated.[3]
  • NOTE: Channels 15 and 16 are allocated for use in the African Broadcasting Area only.[4]
  • Channel 2A was only ever used in Austria for the Sendeturm Jauerling to avoid interferences with neighboring Eastern European TV stations.
  • Channel 12 was reserved by the military in some countries (like Germany (West Germany only)) so only relay transmitters operated on this frequency.
  • Channel 4A audio carrier's frequency is very close to US Channel 6 audio carrier and overlaps the FM band in Europe

France

System E 819 lines (discontinued in 1986)
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
146.0042.00
252.4041.25
356.1567.30
465.5554.40
5164.00175.15
6173.40162.25
7177.15188.30
8A185.25174.10
8186.55175.40
9190.30201.45
10199.70188.55
11203.45214.60
12212.85201.70
  • NOTE: Channel 1 used an earlier 441-line system and was discontinued in 1956.
System L 625 lines
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
147.7541.25
255.7549.25
360.5054.00
463.7557.25
5176.00182.50
6184.00190.50
7192.00198.50
8200.00206.50
9208.00214.50
10216.00222.50

French overseas departments and territories and former French African colonies

System K 625 lines
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
252.2558.75
360.2566.75
4175.25181.75
5183.25189.75
6191.25197.75
7199.25205.75
8207.25213.75
9215.25221.75
10223.25229.75

Italy

System B 625 lines (discontinued in 2012)
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
A53.7559.25
B62.2567.75
C82.2587.75
D175.25180.75
E183.75189.25
F192.25197.75
G201.25206.75
H210.25215.75
H1217.25222.75
H2224.25229.75

Channels A through H are indicated in many European TVs as Channels 13-20. Channels B through H2 are identical to Channel E4 and up. Channel A video carrier is the same as Channel E2 video carrier and thus it used to be common that the audio from a distant TV station on channel E2 received via Sporadic E interferes with Channel A video and vice versa.

Eastern Europe

Original OIR assignments
System D 625 lines
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
I41.7548.25
II49.7556.25
III59.2565.75
IV77.2583.75
1145.25151.75
2153.25159.75
3161.25167.75
4169.25175.75
5177.25183.75
6185.25191.75
7193.25199.75
8201.25207.75
9209.25215.75
Assignments since 1965
System D 625 lines
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
149.7556.25
259.2565.75
377.2583.75
485.2591.75
593.2599.75
6175.25181.75
7183.25189.75
8191.25197.75
9199.25205.75
10207.25213.75
11215.25221.75
12223.25229.75

East Germany (once DDR)

In it is very early days DFF made some test transmissions using the D/K standard (6.5 MHz audio) before reverting (around 1957) to System B/G (5.5 MHz audio) but using some unique frequencies # .

Channel Channel Limits (MHz) Vision Carrier (MHz) Main Sound Carrier (MHz)
1 (Pre 1957)41.00 - 49.0041.7548.25Identical to old OIR Ch I
2 (Pre 1957)58.50 - 66.5059.2565.75Identical to old OIR Ch III (Overlaps western channels E3 and E4)
3 (Pre 1957)99.15 - 107.1599.90106.40Overlaps part of Western FM radio broadcast band
4 (Pre 1957)144.50 - 152.50145.25151.75Overlaps 2m Amateur radio band
1 (1957-1960)58.00 - 65.0059.2564.75Same video freq as pre 1957 Ch 2 (but 5.5 MHz sound) Overlaps western channels E3 and E4
2 (1957-1960)144.00 - 151.00145.25150.75Overlaps 2m Amateur radio band
3 (1957-1960)154.00 - 161.00155.25160.75Overlaps Marine VHF radio band
E5174.00 - 181.00175.25180.75Identical to western Channel E5
E6181.00 - 188.00182.25187.75Identical to western Channel E6
E8195.00 - 202.00196.25201.75Identical to western Channel E8
E11216.00 - 223.00217.25222.75Identical to western Channel E11

# From 1960 onwards (West) European standard channels were adopted.

Morocco

System B 625 lines
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
4163.25168.75
5171.25176.75
6179.25184.75
7187.25192.75
8195.25200.75
9203.25208.75
10211.25216.75

Australia

System B 625 lines (7 MHz / channel)
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
0*46.2551.75
1*57.2562.75
2*64.2569.75
3*86.2591.75
4*95.25100.75
5*102.25107.75
5A*138.25143.75
6175.25180.75
7182.25187.75
8189.25194.75
9196.25201.75
9A203.25208.75
10210.25215.75
11217.25222.75
12224.25229.75

Note

  • Channels 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 5A are no longer used since the transition to Digital television.
  • With the introduction of Digital TV in 2001, the last two channels were moved up by 1 MHz (some existing services affected - one example is AMV11 in the Upper Murray region of Victoria, Australia and VTV-11 in Western Victoria, due to the introduction of digital television at the time in regional Victoria) to allow a full 7 MHz for a new channel 9A and channel 12 was added following the new channel 11.

New Zealand

System B 625 lines (7 MHz / channel)
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
145.2550.75
255.2560.75
362.2567.75
4175.25180.75
5182.25187.75
6189.25194.75
7196.25201.75
8203.25208.75
9210.25215.75
10217.25222.75
11224.25229.75

VHF analog TV ceased in New Zealand on the 1st of December 2013.

  • NOTE: Channels 10 and 11 weren't added until the late 1980s.

Southern Africa

System I 625 lines
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
143.2549.25
252.2558.25
360.2566.25
4175.25181.25Identical to Irish Channel D
5183.25189.25Identical to Irish Channel E
6191.25197.25Identical to Irish Channel F
7199.25205.25Identical to Irish Channel G
8207.25213.25Identical to Irish Channel H
9215.25221.25Identical to Irish Channel I
10223.25229.25Channels 10 to 13 are rarely used
11231.25237.25Channels 10 to 13 are rarely used
12239.25245.25Channels 10 to 13 are rarely used
13247.25253.25Channels 10 to 13 are rarely used

China (PRC)

System D 625 lines
ChannelFrequency range (MHz)Video carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)Center frequency (MHz)
Band I
148.5-56.549.7556.2552.5
256.5-64.557.7564.2560.5
364.5-72.565.7572.2568.5
476-8477.2583.7580
584-9285.2591.7588
Band III
6167-175168.25174.25171
7175-183176.25182.75179
8183-191184.25190.75187
9191-199192.25198.75195
10199-207200.25206.75203
11207-215208.25214.75211
12215-223216.25222.75219

UHF

Americas (most countries), South Korea, Taiwan and the Philippines

See North American broadcast television frequencies for frequencies used in North America.

Notes
  • The frequencies used by UHF channels 70 through 83 were reallocated to the Land Mobile Radio System (Public Safety and Trunked Radio) and mobile phones in a CCIR worldwide convention in 1982, and thus were never used for digital TV but are listed here for theoretical use.
  • In certain metropolitan areas of the United States, Channels 14 through 20 have been allocated to Land Mobile Radio (LMR) use.
  • Channels 52 through 69 in the United States have been reallocated now that conversion to digital TV was completed on June 12, 2009. Channels 70 through 83 in the United States and Canada were re-allocated to AMPS cellular phone use in 1983.
  • On August 22, 2011, the United States' Federal Communications Commission announced a freeze on all future applications for broadcast stations requesting to use channel 51,[5] to prevent adjacent-channel interference to the A-Block of the 700 MHz band. Later that year (on December 16, 2011), Industry Canada and the CRTC followed suit in placing a moratorium on future television stations using Channel 51 for broadcast use, to prevent adjacent-channel interference to the A-Block of the 700 MHz band.[6]
  • Not all countries listed use ATSC, which has a single VSB carrier wave. Other countries use COFDM modulation for DVB-T (Taiwan, Colombia, etc.)or ISDB-Tb (Philippines, Brazil and most of South American countries), which has dozens of carriers within the channel.
  • Channel 37 is reserved for radio astronomy in the United States, Canada, Bermuda and the Bahamas, thus there are no television stations assigned to it. Mexico also informally observes a ban on transmitters using this channel.


System M 525 lines (most countries in the Americas and Caribbean,
South Korea, Taiwan and the Philippines)
System N 625 lines (some South American countries)
ChannelLower edgeVideo carrierATSC carrierAudio carrierUpper edge
14470471.25470.31475.75476
15476477.25476.31481.75482
16482483.25482.31487.75488
17488489.25488.31493.75494
18494495.25494.31499.75500
500 MHz band
19500501.25500.31505.75506
20506507.25506.31511.75512
21512513.25512.31517.75518
22518519.25518.31523.75524
23524525.25524.31529.75530
24530531.25530.31535.75536
25536537.25536.31541.75542
26542543.25542.31547.75548
27548549.25548.31553.75554
28554555.25554.31559.75560
29560561.25560.31565.75566
30566567.25566.31571.75572
31572573.25572.31577.75578
32578579.25578.31583.75584
33584585.25584.31589.75590
34590591.25590.31595.75596
600 MHz band
35596597.25596.31601.75602
36602603.25602.31607.75608
37608609.25608.31613.75614
38614615.25614.31619.75620
39620621.25620.31625.75626
40626627.25626.31631.75632
41632633.25632.31637.75638
42638639.25638.31643.75644
43644645.25644.31649.75650
44650651.25650.31655.75656
45656657.25656.31661.75662
46662663.25662.31667.75668
47668669.25668.31673.75674
48674675.25674.31679.75680
49680681.25680.31685.75686
50686687.25686.31691.75692
51692693.25692.31697.75698[5][6]
700 MHz band
52698699.25698.31703.75704
53704705.25704.31709.75710
54710711.25710.31715.75716
55716717.25716.31721.75722
56722723.25722.31727.75728
57728729.25728.31733.75734
58734735.25734.31739.75740
59740741.25740.31745.75746
60746747.25746.31751.75752
61752753.25752.31757.75758
62758759.25758.31763.75764
63764765.25764.31769.75770
64770771.25770.31775.75776
65776777.25776.31781.75782
66782783.25782.31787.75788
67788789.25788.31793.75794
68794795.25794.31799.75800
69800801.25800.31805.75806
800 MHz band
70806807.25806.31811.75812
71812813.25812.31817.75818
72818819.25818.31823.75824
73824825.25824.31829.75830
74830831.25830.31835.75836
75836837.25836.31841.75842
76842843.25842.31847.75848
77848849.25848.31853.75854
78854855.25854.31859.75860
79860861.25860.31865.75866
80866867.25866.31871.75872
81872873.25872.31877.75878
82878879.25878.31883.75884
83884885.25884.31889.75890

Japan

Note: Channels 13-62 are used for analog and digital TV broadcasting.

Frequency spacing for each channel in Japan is the same as in the countries listed above, but the channel numbers are 1 lower than in those countries; for example, channel 13 in Japan is on the same frequency as channel 14 in North and South America (most countries), South Korea, Taiwan, and the Philippines.

United Kingdom, Ireland, Hong Kong, Macau, Falkland Islands and Southern Africa

System I 625 lines
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
21471.25477.25
22479.25485.25
23487.25493.25
24495.25501.25
25503.25509.25
26511.25517.25
27519.25525.25
28527.25533.25
29535.25541.25
30543.25549.25
31551.25557.25
32559.25565.25
33567.25573.25
34575.25581.25
35583.25589.25
36591.25597.25
37599.25605.25
38607.25613.25
39615.25621.25
40623.25629.25
41631.25637.25
42639.25645.25
43647.25653.25
44655.25661.25
45663.25669.25
46671.25677.25
47679.25685.25
48687.25693.25
49695.25701.25
50703.25709.25
51711.25717.25
52719.25725.25
53727.25733.25
54735.25741.25
55743.25749.25
56751.25757.25
57759.25765.25
58767.25773.25
59775.25781.25
60783.25789.25
61791.25797.25
62799.25805.25
63807.25813.25
64815.25821.25
65823.25829.25
66831.25837.25
67839.25845.25
68847.25853.25
69855.25861.25

NOTE: Channels 21 to 60 used for DVB-T Digital TV broadcasting in the UK, with the exception of Channel 38, which is used by PMSE. Channels 61 to 69 used for 4G LTE.
NOTE: Channel 69 was not used for TV broadcasting in the UK, used by MOD and until 2012 by PMSE.
NOTE: PAL I was withdrawn from broadcasting use in the UK during 2012 and 2013.

Western Europe, Greenland, most countries in Asia and Africa, and most of Oceania

System D/G/H 625 lines (8 MHz / channel)
UHF band
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
21471.25476.75
22479.25484.75
23487.25492.75
24495.25500.75
25503.25508.75
26511.25516.75
27519.25524.75
28527.25532.75
29535.25540.75
30543.25548.75
31551.25556.75
32559.25564.75
33567.25572.75
34575.25580.75
35583.25588.75
36591.25596.75
37599.25604.75
38607.25612.75
39615.25620.75
40623.25628.75
41631.25636.75
42639.25644.75
43647.25652.75
44655.25660.75
45663.25668.75
46671.25676.75
47679.25684.75
48687.25692.75
49695.25700.75
50703.25708.75
51711.25716.75
52719.25724.75
53727.25732.75
54735.25740.75
55743.25748.75
56751.25756.75
57759.25764.75
58767.25772.75
59775.25780.75
60783.25788.75
61791.25796.75
62799.25804.75
63807.25812.75
64815.25820.75
65823.25828.75
66831.25836.75
67839.25844.75
68847.25852.75
69855.25860.75
70863.25868.75
71871.25876.75
72879.25884.75
73887.25892.75
74895.25900.75
75903.25908.75
76911.25916.75
77919.25924.75
78927.25932.75
79935.25940.75
80943.25948.75
81951.25956.75
  • NOTE: Former channels 14 to 18 renumbered as 21 to 25 in 1961.[7]
  • NOTE: Channels 70 to 81 no longer allocated to television. They were only used in Italy.

France, Eastern Europe, Former Soviet Union, French overseas territories and former French colonies in Africa

System K 625 lines
System L 625 lines
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
21471.25477.75
22479.25485.75
23487.25493.75
24495.25501.75
25503.25509.75
26511.25517.75
27519.25525.75
28527.25533.75
29535.25541.75
30543.25549.75
31551.25557.75
32559.25565.75
33567.25573.75
34575.25581.75
35583.25589.75
36591.25597.75
37599.25605.75
38607.25613.75
39615.25621.75
40623.25629.75
41631.25637.75
42639.25645.75
43647.25653.75
44655.25661.75
45663.25669.75
46671.25677.75
47679.25685.75
48687.25693.75
49695.25701.75
50703.25709.75
51711.25717.75
52719.25725.75
53727.25733.75
54735.25741.75
55743.25749.75
56751.25757.75
57759.25765.75
58767.25773.75
59775.25781.75
60783.25789.75
61791.25797.75
62799.25805.75
63807.25813.75
64815.25821.75
65823.25829.75
66831.25837.75
67839.25845.75
68847.25853.75
69855.25861.75

Australia

System B 625 lines
ChannelVideo carrier (MHz)Audio carrier (MHz)
28527.25532.75
29534.25539.75
30541.25546.75
31548.25553.75
32555.25560.75
33562.25567.75
34569.25574.75
35576.25581.75
36583.25588.75
37590.25595.75
38597.25602.75
39604.25609.75
40611.25616.75
41618.25623.75
42625.25630.75
43632.25637.75
44639.25644.75
45646.25651.75
46653.25658.75
47660.25665.75
48667.25672.75
49674.25679.75
50681.25686.75
51688.25693.75
52695.25700.75
53702.25707.75
54709.25714.75
55716.25721.75
56723.25728.75
57730.25735.75
58737.25742.75
59744.25749.75
60751.25756.75
61758.25763.75
62765.25770.75
63772.25777.75
64779.25784.75
65786.25791.75
66793.25798.75
67800.25805.75
68807.25812.75
69814.25819.75

Channels above C52 are being progressively phased out since the introduction of digital television and rationalisation of the spectrum

See also

References

  1. A. G. Sennitt (ed.), World Radio and TV Handbook Volume 49 1995, Billboard Books, 1995 pages 381-382
  2. O. Lund Johansen (ed.), World Radio-Television Handbook 9th Edition 1955, 1955 page 138
  3. http://www.pembers.freeserve.co.uk/World-TV-Standards/Transmission-Systems.html#E1 Archived 2012-08-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ITU, Final Acts of the Regional Administrative Conference for the planning of VHF/UHF Television Broadcasting in the African Broadcasting Area and Neighbouring Countries 1989, ITU, 1990 page 60
  5. 1 2 FCC Public Notice DA-11-1428A1:
  6. 1 2 Industry Canada Advisory Letter - Moratorium on the Use of Television Channel 51
  7. Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Broadcasting Stations of the World (Part IV) 16th Edition 1960, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1960 pages 97-98
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