Telenești District

Telenești District
Raionul Telenești
District (Raion)

Flag

Coat of arms
Country  Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraș-reședință)

Telenești
Government
  Type Raion council
  Raion president Boris Burcă (PLDM), since 2007
Area
  Total 849 km2 (328 sq mi)
Population (2014)[1]
  Total 61,144
  Density 72/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) +373 58
Car plates TL
Website www.telenesti.md

Telenești is a district (Moldovan: raion) in central Moldova, with the administrative center at Telenești.

History

The oldest recorded settlements of the district are: Banești, Peciste and Telenești, mentioned in 1437. At the time, the landowners had the right to sell their estate, in parts or entirely. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the region's economy developed (trade, agriculture, winery), resulting in a significant increase in population. In 1812, after the Treaty of Bucharest, Bessarabia was occupied by the Russian Empire, and an intense process of russification of the native population followed. In 1918, as a result of the fall of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia was united with Romania, and the Romanian government enacted a land reform. Telenești became the center of a plasă of Orhei County, along with 45 villages. The plasă capital had a courthouse and a post office with telegraph and telephone. The Romanian land reform (as opposed to the Bolshevik one) made the peasants owners of a plot of land, and the previous owners were compensated. After the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Bessarabia was occupied by the Soviet Union. In 1991, the district became a part of independent Moldova, and in 1999 it was dissolved, and its territory was included in Orhei County, until 2003, when it was reestablished as an administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography

Telenești district is located in central part of the Republic of Moldova. Does neighborhood in north Soldanesti and Florești districts, in northeast Rezina District, in southeast Orhei District, Calarași and Ungheni districts in south and northwest Singerei District. The landscape is broken by an intense process of sliding. In northwestern of district stretching branches of Plateau of Nistru and the south Central Moldavian Plateau. District basement contains deposits of limestone, stone in places Căzănești, Ordășei, Pistruieni and sand for construction to Verejeni, Telenești.

Climate

District climate is temperate continental. July average temperature °C, for January -4 °C. Annual precipitation 500–600 mm. Average wind speed is 2–5 m\s.

Fauna

Rich and varied fauna is represented by red deer, wild boar, foxes, wolves, badgers, rabbits. Of birds there are: jays, doves, starlings, storks, gulls, herons, hawks, owls and others.

Flora

Flora features Moldovian codri of trees: oak, beech, lime, ash, maple, acacia, nuts and others. Plants: knotweed, clover, wormwood, bellflower and others.

Rivers

District is located in the Nistru river basin. The main river crossing district is Raut (286 km), with its tributaries Ciuluicul Mare and Ciuluc de Mijloc. Most lakes are artificial. The largest lake is Lake Verejeni built on Ciuluicul Mare.

Administrative subdivisions

  • Localities: 54

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1959 61,794    
1970 76,349+23.6%
1979 74,987−1.8%
1989 74,417−0.8%
2004 70,126−5.8%

1 January 2012 the district population was 73,900 of which 11.0% urban and 89.0% rural population.

  • Births (2010): 858 (11.5 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 998 (13.4 per 1000)
  • Growth Rate (2010): -140 (-1.9 per 1000)

Ethnic groups

Ethnic group% of total
Moldovans90.7
Romanians7.7
Ukrainians0.9
Russians0.5
Gagauz0.0
Bulgarians0.0
Romani0.0
Other0.1
Undeclared0.22

Religion

Economy

The total number of businesses that makes up 25,604 active agents (of which 24 151 farms). 62 970 ha agricultural land (74.1%). Perennial plantations occupy 5800 ha (6.8%), including 2.900 ha of vineyards (3.4%); orchards 2.040 ha (2.4%). Main crops: cereals (wheat, oats), corn, sunflower, canola, grape, in orchards: apple, peach, plum and more.

Education

For the 2010-2011 school year, the district education network consists of units: 34 preschools are employed - 2530 children, 25 secondary schools and secondary schools where they study - 8121 students, seven high schools - 808 pupils, a school hospitalized children with disabilities (Telenesti) - 119 children a school - boarding school for orphans (Căzăneşti) with - 85 children and a vocational school with 163 students.

Politics

A large majority of district support right-wing parties. PCRM has never achieved victory in the district, in the last three elections is in a constant fall. AEI has a good support in the district.

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 72.0%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 71.73% 23,104 22.41% 7,248
July 2009 63.48% 19,148 31.94% 9,636
April 2009 43.91% 13,427 42.03% 12,852

Elections

Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Rezina District

 
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 15,894 49.13 +23.04
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 7,248 22.41 −9.53
Democratic Party of Moldova 4,684 14,48 +1.84
Liberal Party 2,514 7.77 −4.01
European Action Movement 610 1.89 +1.89
Other Party 1,407 4.32 +1.99
Total (turnout 61.78%) 32,588 100.00

Culture

Cultural sector of the district is represented by the activity: 44 cultural centers, 47 libraries, school district music with branches in the district, a school of fine arts - with 150 children, 4 museums.

Health

Working in district: District hospital, centers of family doctors, a unit of health centers - 5 units, 33 offices of family doctors, pharmacies (hospital) - 1 unit and branches - 31 units, pharmacies and private extra - 10 units.

References

Coordinates: 47°35′N 28°30′E / 47.583°N 28.500°E / 47.583; 28.500

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