Taraclia

Taraclia
Тараклия
City

Flag

Coat of arms
Taraclia
Location within Moldova
Coordinates: 45°54′0″N 28°40′08″E / 45.90000°N 28.66889°E / 45.90000; 28.66889Coordinates: 45°54′0″N 28°40′08″E / 45.90000°N 28.66889°E / 45.90000; 28.66889
Country  Moldova
County Taraclia County
Elevation 76 m (249 ft)
Population (2014)[1]
  Total 12,355
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) +373 294
Website http://taraclia.md

Taraclia (Bulgarian: Тараклия) is a city located in the south of Moldova. It is the capital of Taraclia District, bordered by the autonomous region of Gagauzia, by the Cahul District and the Odessa Oblast of Ukraine. The great majority of its inhabitants (2004 census) are ethnic Bulgarians.

The Taraclia State University, co-funded by Bulgaria and Moldova, was established in 2004. The languages of education are Bulgarian and Romanian.

History

According to official figures, Taraclia was founded in 1813 by Bulgarian immigrants, although they have been settling there much earlier.[2] The city is one of the oldest Bulgarian settlements of the nineteenth century in what was then the southern Bessarabia.

The first settlers arrived at Taraclia during the Russo-Turkish war of 1806-1812. In 1821 it has settled a large group, which was originally located in the nearby village Aluatu. After the Russo-Turkish war of 1828-1829 a large proportion of Bulgarian immigrants settled in Bessarabia and specially in Taraclia, about 49 families have settled in the city. The last wave of migration happened in the year of 1854, when 241 people settled there. Having the right of the colonists, they built houses, churches and had children, taking advantage of several decades of privileges granted to them by the Tsarist Russian government.[3]

In the middle of the 19th century, the famous explorer Apollon Skalkowski wrote about them: "Residents, good hosts, herds of large cattle, sheep, and a great deal to the success of horticulture and viticulture, and women bred mulberry trees, collect the cocoons and have silk in large quantities" [4]

Demography

Ethnic Structure

Taraclia ethnic Structure according to the 2014 population census.[5]

Ethnic GroupPopulation% Percentage
Bulgarians9,56077.4%
Moldovans7936.4%
Gagauz7265.9%
Russians6265.1%
Ukrainians3693%
Gypsies740.6%
Romanians100.1%
Other73
Total12,355100%

Media

Notable people

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Taraclia is twinned with:

References


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