Location within Moldova
|Coordinates: 45°54′0″N 28°40′08″E / 45.90000°N 28.66889°ECoordinates: 45°54′0″N 28°40′08″E / 45.90000°N 28.66889°E|
|Elevation||76 m (249 ft)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+373 294|
Taraclia (Bulgarian: Тараклия) is a city located in the south of Moldova. It is the capital of Taraclia District, bordered by the autonomous region of Gagauzia, by the Cahul District and the Odessa Oblast of Ukraine. The great majority of its inhabitants (2004 census) are ethnic Bulgarians.
According to official figures, Taraclia was founded in 1813 by Bulgarian immigrants, although they have been settling there much earlier. The city is one of the oldest Bulgarian settlements of the nineteenth century in what was then the southern Bessarabia.
The first settlers arrived at Taraclia during the Russo-Turkish war of 1806-1812. In 1821 it has settled a large group, which was originally located in the nearby village Aluatu. After the Russo-Turkish war of 1828-1829 a large proportion of Bulgarian immigrants settled in Bessarabia and specially in Taraclia, about 49 families have settled in the city. The last wave of migration happened in the year of 1854, when 241 people settled there. Having the right of the colonists, they built houses, churches and had children, taking advantage of several decades of privileges granted to them by the Tsarist Russian government.
In the middle of the 19th century, the famous explorer Apollon Skalkowski wrote about them: "Residents, good hosts, herds of large cattle, sheep, and a great deal to the success of horticulture and viticulture, and women bred mulberry trees, collect the cocoons and have silk in large quantities"
|Ethnic Group||Population||% Percentage|
- Vocea Basarabiei, 101,9
Twin towns – Sister cities
Taraclia is twinned with:
Nova Zagora, Bulgaria
- Results of Population and Housing Census in the Republic of Moldova in 2014: "Characteristics - Population (population by communes, religion, citizenship)" (XLS). National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. 2017. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
- см.: Кабузан В.М. Народонаселение Бессарабской области и левобережных районов Приднестровья. М., 1974. С.88
- Republic of Moldova 2014 Population Census