Tapti River

Tapti (Tapi)
Surya Putri
Country  India
States Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat
Cities Nepanagar, Betul, Burhanpur, Bhusawal, Surat
Source Multai
 - location Multai,Betul District
Mouth Gulf of Khambhat (Arabian Sea)
 - location Dumas, Surat, Gujarat
Length 724 km (450 mi) approx.
Discharge for Dumas Beach
 - average 489 m3/s (17,269 cu ft/s) [1]
 - max 9,830 m3/s (347,143 cu ft/s)
 - min 2 m3/s (71 cu ft/s)

The Tapti River (or Tapi)[2] is a river in central India between the Godavari and Narmada rivers. It flows westwards over a length of 724 km (449.9 mi) before draining through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea.[3] It flows through Surat, and is crossed by the Magdalla ONGC Bridge.[4]

On August 7, 1968, before the construction of the Ukai Dam to bring its waters under control and provide hydroelectric power, the Tapti River overflowed its banks during heavy rains during the monsoon season. More than 1,000 people drowned in the flood [5] and the city of Surat was submerged beneath 10 feet of water for several days [6]; after the floodwaters receded, at least 1,000 more people died in Gujarat state during a cholera epidemic from the contamination of the drinking water. [7]


The river is supposedly named after the goddess Tapti, the daughter of Surya, the Sun god and Chhaya, who is the sister of Shani, Bhadra, Yamuna and Yama.[8]

See also


  1. "Tapti Basin Station: Kathore". UNH/GRDC. Retrieved 2013-10-01.
  2. Herne, P. (1855). "XXIII: Domus. Surat. The nature of the jungles beyond. A boa constrictor. A tiger. A lion. Terrible conflict. A Banyan tree.". Perils and Pleasures of a Hunter's Life; or the Romance of Hunting by Peregrine Herne. Cornell University Library. p. 194–204. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
  3. "Tapi River / Tapti River". mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  4. "Truck falls into Tapi River from Magdalla Bridge, driver missing". The Times of India. Bennett, Coleman & Co. 31 May 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  5. "1,000 Believed Dead In India Flooding", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 13, 1968, p1
  6. "Western India Town Under 10 Feet Of Water; Flood Toll Hits 1,000", Indianapolis Star, August 15, 1968, p2
  7. Lee Allyn Davis, Facts on File: Natural Disasters (Infobase Publishing, Jun 23, 2010) pp166-167
  8. Mittal, J.P. (2006). History of ancient India : a new version. New Delhi: Atlantic. p. 412. ISBN 9788126906161. Retrieved 21 July 2016.

Coordinates: 21°06′N 72°41′E / 21.100°N 72.683°E / 21.100; 72.683

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