Tamangic languages

Linguistic classification Sino-Tibetan
Glottolog kaik1248[1]

The Tamangic languages, TGTM languages, or West Bodish languages, are a family of Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in the Himalayas of Nepal. They are called West Bodish by Bradley (1997).


The languages are:


Tamangic is united with the Bodish and West Himalayish languages in Bradley's (1997) "Bodish" and Van Driem's (2001) Tibeto-Kanauri.


Proto-TGTM has been reconstructed in Mazaudon (1994). (Note: TGTM, which is another name used to refers to the Tamangic branch, stands for Tamang-Gurung-Thakali-Manang.)


  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kaike–Ghale–Tamangic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.


  • Bradley, David (1997). "Tibeto-Burman languages and classification". In Tibeto-Burman languages of the Himalayas, Papers in South East Asian linguistics. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • George van Driem (2001) Languages of the Himalayas: An Ethnolinguistic Handbook of the Greater Himalayan Region. Brill.
  • Georg, Stefan (1996). Marphatan Thakali. Untersuchungen zur Sprache des Dorfes Marpha im Oberen Kali-Gandaki-Tal/Nepal. München: LINCOM EUROPA. ISBN 90-04-09905-0. 
  • Mazaudon, Martine. 1994. Problèmes de comparatisme et de reconstruction dans quelques langues de la famille tibéto-birmane. Thèse d'Etat, Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle.

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