Taiwan–Ukraine relations refer to the international relations between Taiwan and Ukraine. There are no official diplomatic relations between these two states, as Ukraine has supported the One-China policy and instead maintains official diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China since 1992. Both Taiwan (as Republic of China) and Ukraine (then the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic) were founding members of the United Nations in 1945.
The Republic of China government retreated to Taiwan after their defeat in the Chinese Civil War to the Communist Party of China in 1949. With the onset of the Cold War, the legitimate representative of China in the United Nations has become one of the disputing point between member states.
On 29 November 1966, the United Nations General Assembly met at the twenty-first session to discuss the representation of China. The Soviet Ukrainian representative spoke at first, advocating to vacate the seat of the Republic of China immediately and change the representative right to the People's Republic of China, claiming that the case was not under the scope of important issue covered by the Article 18 of the Charter of the United Nations.
After the session, the General Assembly passed Resolution 1668, declaring that any proposal to change the representation of China at the United Nations would require two-thirds majority vote.:
|“||any proposal to change the representation of China is an important question.||”|
The end of the 1960s and the beginning of the 1970s saw the rapid deterioration of Taiwan's diplomatic relations. On 26 August 1971, as Taiwan was on the edge of being expelled from the United Nations, the ambassador of Taiwan to Honduras requested through foreign minister of Honduras to suggest dual representation as an alternative to China's representation in the United Nations, citing the Soviet Union, Soviet Belarus and Soviet Ukraine as examples. At the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2758, the Soviet Ukrainian representatives along with majority of the UN members voted support to expel the representatives of Taiwan.
After the fall of the Soviet Union and the independence of Ukraine, the Taiwanese government became actively trying to persuade Ukraine to build diplomatic relations again. On January 1992, Taiwan's Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Chiang Hsiao-yen made a diplomatic visit to Kyiv and discussed with Ukrainian officials about establishing formal relations between Taiwan and Ukraine. China responded by accelerating their negotiations with Ukraine and reached an agreement to re-establish formal relations in the same month. On April 1992, Chiang Hsiao-yen made another diplomatic visit to Ukraine, which ended up unsuccessful after the Ukrainian government received serious protest from the Chinese representative. Although there were some support from members of the parliament and economists in Ukraine for establishing formal relations with Taiwan to obtain economic aids, the proposal was eventually rejected.
Works related to The Joint Statement between the People's Republic of China and Ukraine (1994) at Wikisource
- "Ukraine". Bureau of Consular Affairs (Republic of China). Retrieved 2018-03-10.
- (in Taiwanese Mandarin) 胡斐穎 (2013-06-01). "烏克蘭與中華民國─從橘色革命運動圍巾談起" (PDF). 國史研究通訊 (6): 199. Retrieved 2018-03-11.
- "2159 (XXI). Representation of China in the United Nations" (PDF). Official Documents System of the United Nations. United Nations. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- 2159 (XXI)."Representation of China in the United Nations". United Nations General Assembly. 1966-11-29. Retrieved 2018-03-11.
- Bai-Ku Wei. "Taiwan-Ukraine Relations: Bilateral Points of View" (in Chinese).
- 于振起 (2009-05-28). 孙琳, ed. "驻外札记4：涉台斗争". 天津日报. 人民网. Archived from the original on 2018-03-10. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
- "List of Bilateral Treaties and Agreements in Force". Embassy of Ukraine to the China. 2017. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
- Bai-Ku Wei; Viktor Oleksiyovich Kiktenko (November 2007). "Taiwan-Ukraine Relations: Bilateral Points of View" (PDF). Graduate Institute of Russian Studies, NCCU. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-06-12.