Swedish general election, 1994

Swedish general election, 1994

18 September 1994

All 349 seats to the Riksdag
175 seats were needed for a majority

  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Ingvar Carlsson Carl Bildt Olof Johansson
Party Social Democratic Moderate Centre
Alliance Centre-left Centre-Right Centre-Right
Last election 138 80 31
Seats won 161 80 27
Seat change 23 0 4
Popular vote 2,513,905 1,243,253 425,153
Percentage 45.3% 22.4% 7.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Bengt Westerberg Gudrun Schyman Marianne Samuelsson (pictured)
Birger Schlaug
Party Liberal People's Left Green
Alliance Centre-Right Left-wing Left-wing
Last election 33 16 0
Seats won 26 22 18
Seat change 7 6 18
Popular vote 399,556 342,988 279,042
Percentage 7.2% 6.2% 5.0%

  Seventh party Eighth party
 
Leader Alf Svensson Vivianne Franzén
Party Christian Democrats New Democracy
Alliance Centre-Right
Last election 26 24
Seats won 15 0
Seat change 11 24
Popular vote 225,974 68,663
Percentage 4.1% 1.2%

PM before election

Carl Bildt
Moderate

Elected PM

Ingvar Carlsson
Social Democratic

General elections were held in Sweden on 18 September 1994.[1] The Swedish Social Democratic Party remained the largest party in the Riksdag, winning 161 of the 349 seats.[2] Led by Ingvar Carlsson, the party returned to power and formed a minority government after the election. The Greens also returned to the Riksdag after a three-year absence.

The Moderates slightly improved on their 1991 performance, but the Centre Party, the Liberals and the Christian Democrats all fared poorly, the latter barely holding on to their parliamentary representation. New Democracy, a populist political party which had entered the Riksdag three years earlier, performed poorly, losing most of its voters and all of its seats in the Riksdag. In total the party's vote share dropped from 6.7% in 1991 to 1.2% in 1994. The election introduced an extended electoral cycle of four years, replacing the previous three-year terms.

It was also notable for being the first electoral event in the world whose official results were published live on the nascent World Wide Web (other countries had previously used the then-fledging Internet to officially broadcast election results, but with simpler methods such as e-mail lists).[3]

Results

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Swedish Social Democratic Party2,513,90545.3161+23
Moderate Party1,243,25322.4800
Centre Party425,1537.727–4
Liberal People's Party399,5567.226–7
Left Party342,9886.222+6
Green Party279,0425.018+18
Christian Democratic Society Party225,9744.115–11
New Democracy68,6631.20–25
Other parties57,0061.000
Invalid/blank votes84,853
Total5,640,3931003490
Registered voters/turnout6,496,12086.8
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
S
45.25%
M
22.38%
C
7.65%
FP
7.19%
V
6.16%
MP
5.02%
KD
4.07%
ND
1.24%
Others
1.03%
Parliament seats
S
46.13%
M
22.92%
C
7.74%
FP
7.45%
V
6.30%
MP
5.16%
KD
4.30%

References

  1. Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1858 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Nohlen & Stöver, p1873
  3. General aspects of Sweden's electoral system
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