In linguistics, suprasegmentals are contrastive elements of speech that cannot be easily analyzed as distinct segments but rather belong to a syllable or word. These elements include intonation, stress and juncture. In some languages nasality and vowel harmony are considered suprasegmental or prosodic by some phonologists.[1][2]

See also


  1. Palmer, F.R. (1970). Prosodic Analysis. Oxford University Press.
  2. Firth, J.R. (1948). "Sounds and Prosodies". Transactions of the Philological Society: 127–52.


  • Crystal, David (2003), A Dictionary of Linguistics & Phonetics, Blackwell .
  • Gussenhoven, Carlos; Jacobs, Haike (2005) [1998], Understanding Phonology (2nd ed.), Hodder & Arnold .
  • Bussmann, Hadumod (2006), Routledge Dictionary of Language and Linguistics, Routledge, ISBN 978-1-134-63038-7 
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