Sunderland (UK Parliament constituency)

Sunderland
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18321950
Number of members Two
Replaced by Sunderland North and Sunderland South

Sunderland was a borough constituency of the House of Commons, created by the Reform Act 1832 for the 1832–33 general election. It elected two Members of Parliament (MP) by the bloc vote system of election until it was split into single-member seats of Sunderland North and Sunderland South for the 1950 general election.

Members of Parliament

Year1st Member1st Party2nd Member2nd Party
1832 Sir William Chaytor Whig George Barrington
1833 William Thompson Conservative[1][2]
1835 David Barclay Whig[1][3][2]
1837 Andrew White Whig[1][3]
1841 David Barclay Whig[1][3][2]
1841 Viscount Howick Whig[4]
1845 George Hudson Conservative
1847 Sir Hedworth Williamson Whig[5][4][6]
1852 William Seymour Radical[7][8][9][10]
1855 Henry Fenwick Whig[8][9][10]
1859 Liberal William Schaw Lindsay Liberal
1865 James Hartley Conservative
1866 John Candlish Liberal
1868 Edward Temperley Gourley Liberal
1874 Sir Henry Havelock-Allan Liberal
1881 Samuel Storey Liberal
1895 Theodore Doxford Unionist
1900 John Stapylton Grey Pemberton Conservative
1906 James Stuart Liberal Thomas Summerbell Labour
1910 Samuel Storey Independent Conservative James Knott Conservative
1910 Sir Hamar Greenwood Liberal Frank Goldstone Labour
1918 Coalition Liberal Ralph Milbanke Hudson Unionist
1922 Luke Thompson Unionist Walter Raine Unionist
1929 Marion Phillips Labour Alfred Smith Labour
1931 Luke Thompson Conservative
1931 Samuel Storey Conservative
1935 Stephen Furness Liberal National
1945 Richard Ewart Labour Fred Willey Labour
1950 constituency abolished

Election results

Elections in the 1850s

General Election 1852: Sunderland[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Hudson 868 37.2
Radical William Digby Seymour 814 34.8
Whig Henry Fenwick 654 28.0
Turnout 1,168 (est) 59.2 (est)
Registered electors 1,973
Majority 54 2.3
Conservative hold Swing
Majority 160 6.8 N/A
Radical gain from Whig Swing

Seymour was appointed Recorder of Newcastle upon Tyne, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 2 January 1855: Sunderland[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Fenwick 956 59.7 +31.7
Radical William Digby Seymour 646 40.3 +5.5
Majority 310 19.4 N/A
Turnout 1,602 73.6 +14.4
Registered electors 2,176
Whig gain from Radical Swing +13.1
General Election 1857: Sunderland[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Fenwick 1,123 36.6 +8.6
Conservative George Hudson 1,081 35.2 2.0
Radical Ralph Walters[12] 863 28.1 6.7
Turnout 1,534 (est) 61.5 (est) +2.3
Registered electors 2,493
Majority 42 1.4 N/A
Whig gain from Radical Swing +7.7
Majority 218 7.1 +4.8
Conservative hold Swing 3.2
General Election 1859: Sunderland[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fenwick 1,527 42.3 +5.7
Liberal William Schaw Lindsay 1,292 35.8 +7.7
Conservative George Hudson 790 21.9 13.3
Majority 502 13.9 +12.5
Turnout 2,200 (est) 80.6 (est) +19.1
Registered electors 2,493
Liberal hold Swing +6.2
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +7.2

Elections in the 1860s

General Election 1865: Sunderland[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fenwick 1,826 40.7 1.6
Conservative James Hartley 1,355 30.2 +8.3
Liberal John Candlish 1,307 29.1 6.7
Turnout 2,922 (est) 84.2 (est) +3.6
Registered electors 3,468
Majority 471 10.5 3.4
Liberal hold Swing 2.9
Majority 48 1.1 N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.3

Fenwick was appointed a Civil Lord of the Admiralty, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 28 February 1866: Sunderland[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Candlish 1,430 52.5 +23.4
Liberal Henry Fenwick 1,294 47.5 +6.8
Majority 136 5.0 N/A
Turnout 2,724 78.5 5.7
Registered electors 3,468
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1868: Sunderland[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Candlish 6,237 42.3 +13.2
Liberal Edward Temperley Gourley 4,901 33.3 N/A
Liberal Thomas Charles Thompson 3,596 24.4 N/A
Majority 1,305 8.9 1.6
Turnout 7,367 (est) 64.8 (est) 19.4
Registered electors 11,364
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870s

General Election 1874: Sunderland[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Temperley Gourley 6,172 38.9 +5.6
Liberal Henry Havelock 5,920 37.3 N/A
Conservative Laurence Richardson Baily 3,781 23.8 N/A
Majority 2,139 13.5 +4.6
Turnout 9,827 (est) 70.2 (est) +5.4
Registered electors 14,008
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s

General Election 1880: Sunderland[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Temperley Gourley 7,639 40.4 +1.5
Liberal Henry Havelock-Allan 6,995 37.0 0.3
Conservative Edward Brooke[13] 4,262 22.6 1.2
Majority 2,733 14.5 +1.0
Turnout 11,901 (est) 79.2 (est) +9.0
Registered electors 15,021
Liberal hold Swing +1.1
Liberal hold Swing +0.2

Allan resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 12 Apr 1881: Sunderland[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Samuel Storey Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1885: Sunderland[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Samuel Storey 8,295 36.4 0.6
Liberal Edward Temperley Gourley 7,759 34.1 6.3
Conservative Samuel Peter Austin 6,703 29.5 +6.9
Majority 1,056 4.6 9.5
Turnout 14,416 79.7 +0.5 (est)
Registered electors 18,078
Liberal hold Swing 2.0
Liberal hold Swing 4.9
General Election 1886: Sunderland[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Samuel Storey 6,971 35.1 -1.3
Liberal Edward Temperley Gourley 6,840 34.5 +0.4
Liberal Unionist William Stobart[16] 6,027 30.4 +0.9
Majority 813 4.1 0.5
Turnout 12,863 71.2 9.5
Registered electors 18,078
Liberal hold Swing 0.9
Liberal hold Swing 0.0

Elections in the 1890s

General Election 1892: Sunderland[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Y Samuel Storey 9,711 27.3 7.8
Liberal Y Edward Temperley Gourley 9,554 26.8 7.7
Liberal Unionist Frederick Lambton 8,394 23.5 6.9
Conservative John Stapylton Grey Pemberton 8,002 22.4 N/A
Majority 1,160 3.3 -0.8
Turnout 17,990 80.7 +9.5
Registered electors 22,282
Liberal hold Swing 0.5
Liberal hold Swing 0.4
General Election 1895: Sunderland[14][15][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Y Theodore Doxford 9,833 37.4 +15.0
Liberal Y Edward Temperley Gourley 8,232 31.4 +4.6
Liberal Samuel Storey 8,185 31.2 +3.9
Majority 1,648 6.2 N/A
Turnout 17,910 79.9 0.8
Registered electors 22,408
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +5.2
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1900s

General Election 1900: Sunderland[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Y Theodore Doxford 9,617 25.7 +7.0[n 1]
Conservative Y John Stapylton Grey Pemberton 9,566 25.6 +6.9[n 1]
Liberal George Burton Hunter 9,370 25.1 37.5[n 2]
Labour Repr. Cmte. 8,842 23.6 N/A
Majority 196 0.5 5.7
Turnout 78.3 1.6
Registered electors 24,423
Conservative hold Swing +22.3
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +22.2
General Election 1906: Sunderland[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Y James Stuart 13,620 32.2 +7.1
Labour Repr. Cmte. Y Thomas Summerbell 13,430 31.9 +8.3
Conservative DH Haggle 7,879 18.7 7.0
Conservative John Stapylton Grey Pemberton 7,244 17.2 8.4
Turnout 85.5 +7.2
Registered electors 27,650
Majority 5,741 13.5 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +7.1
Majority 5,551 13.2 N/A
Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative Swing +8.4

Elections in the 1910s

General Election January 1910: Sunderland[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Ind. Conservative Y *Samuel Storey 12,334 26.2 N/A
Conservative Y James Knott 12,270 26.0 +7.3
Liberal James Stuart 11,529 24.4 7.8
Labour Thomas Summerbell 11,058 23.4 8.5
Turnout 87.2 +1.7
Registered electors 27,610
Majority 805 1.8 N/A
Ind. Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Majority 805 1.8 N/A
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +7.6
  • stood as "Independent Tariff Reform" but was supported by local Conservative Association
General Election December 1910: Sunderland[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Y Hamar Greenwood 11,997 27.4 +3.0
Labour Y Frank Goldstone 11,291 25.8 +2.4
Conservative William Joynson-Hicks 10,300 23.6 2.4
Conservative Samuel Samuel 10,132 23.2 N/A
Turnout 81.2 6.0
Registered electors 27,610
Majority 1,697 3.8 N/A
Liberal gain from Ind. Conservative Swing N/A
Majority 991 2.2 N/A
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +2.4

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Sunderland [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal Y Hamar Greenwood 27,646 43.9 +16.5
Unionist YRalph Milbanke Hudson 25,698 40.8 6.0
Labour Frank Goldstone 9,603 15.3 10.5
Turnout 56.4 24.8
Majority 18,043 28.6 +24.8
Liberal hold Swing +11.3
Majority 16,095 25.5 N/A
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +2.3
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

Sunderland by-election, 1920[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Coalition Liberal Hamar Greenwood 22,813 54.0 +10.1
Labour Vickerman Rutherford 14,379 34.0 +18.7
Liberal E.M. Howe 5,065 12.0 n/a
Majority 8,434 20.0 -8.6
Turnout 55.4 -1.0
Coalition Liberal hold Swing -4.3
General Election 1922: Sunderland[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Walter Raine 28,001 25.0 n/a
Unionist Luke Thompson 24,591 22.0 n/a
National Liberal Hamar Greenwood 19,058 17.0 n/a
Labour David Baxter Lawley 13,683 12.2 n/a
Labour Vickerman Rutherford 13,490 12.1 n/a
Liberal Andrew Common 13,036 11.7 n/a
Turnout 81.6 +26.2
Majority 5,533 5.0 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
Majority n/a
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Sunderland [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist YWalter Raine 23,497 19.9
Unionist YLuke Thompson 23,379 19.8
Liberal Andrew Common 22,438 19.0 +7.3
Liberal Hamar Greenwood 22,034 18.6
Labour David Baxter Lawley 13,707 11.6 -0.6
Labour Tom Gillinder 13,184 11.1 -1.0
Majority 1,905 1.1
Turnout 77.9
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Sunderland[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist YLuke Thompson 28,612 25.4 +5.6
Unionist YWalter Raine 28,608 25.3 +5.4
Labour Jeremiah McVeagh 21,823 19.3 +7.7
Liberal Andrew Common 20,139 17.8 -1.2
Liberal Ian Hannah 13,731 12.2 -6.4
Turnout 84.6 +6.7
Majority 6,785 6.0 +5.2
Unionist hold Swing
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1929: Sunderland [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour YMarion Phillips 31,794 19.5 +0.2
Labour YAlfred Smith 31,085 19.0 -0.3
Unionist Walter Raine 29,180 17.9 -7.4
Unionist Luke Thompson 28,937 17.7 -7.7
Liberal Elizabeth Morgan 21,300 13.0 -4.8
Liberal John Pratt 21,142 12.9 +0.7
Majority 1,905 1.1 7.1
Turnout 81.1 -3.5
Labour gain from Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1930s

Sunderland by-election, 1931 [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Y Luke Thompson 30,497 40.3
Labour James Thomas Brownlie 30,074 39.8
Liberal Elizabeth Morgan 15,020 19.9
Majority 423 0.5
Turnout 73.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1931: Sunderland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Y Luke Thompson 53,386 32.3
Conservative Y Samuel Storey 52,589 31.80
Labour Marion Phillips 29,707 18.0
Labour Denis Pritt 29,680 17.9
Majority 22,882 13.8
Turnout 81.1
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Sunderland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Y Stephen Furness 49,001 30.2
Conservative Y Samuel Storey 48,760 30.0
Labour George Catlin 32,483 20.0
Labour Leah Manning 32,059 19.8
Majority 16,277 10.0
Turnout 79.0
Conservative hold Swing
Liberal National gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1940s

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945: Sunderland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Y Fred Willey 38,769 28.1
Labour Y Richard Ewart 36,711 26.6
Liberal National Stephen Furness 29,366 21.3
Conservative Samuel Storey 28,579 20.7
Communist Tommy Richardson[22] 4,501 3.3
Majority 7,345 5.90
Turnout 77.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Labour gain from Liberal National Swing

Notes and References

Notes

  1. 1 2 Compared to half of Conservative vote in 1895
  2. Compared to combined Liberal vote in 1895

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Richardson, M. A. (1843). The Local Historian's Table Book, of Remarkable Occurrences, Historical Facts, Traditions, Legendary and Descriptive Ballads, &c., &c., Connected with the Counties of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland an Durham. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: M. A. Richardson. p. 374. Retrieved 14 July 2018 via Google Books.
  2. 1 2 3 "Bell's Weekly Messenger". 3 July 1841. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 14 July 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  3. 1 2 3 "Birmingham Journal". 19 June 1841. p. 5. Retrieved 14 July 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  4. 1 2 Turner, Michael J. (2004). Black, Jeremy, ed. Independent Radicalism in Early Victorian Britain. Westport: Praeger. p. 237. ISBN 0-275-97386-7. LCCN 2004044233. Retrieved 14 July 2018 via Google Books.
  5. Escott, Margaret (2009). Fisher, D. R., ed. "WILLIAMSON, Sir Hedworth, 7th bt. (1797–1861), of Whitburn Hall, nr. Sunderland, co. Dur". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  6. "Sunderland Election". Nottingham Review and General Advertiser for the Midland Counties. 24 December 1847. p. 5. Retrieved 14 July 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  7. "Miscellaneous". Norfolk Chronicle. 6 January 1855. p. 4. Retrieved 14 July 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  8. 1 2 "Leeds Intelligencer". 6 January 1855. p. 7. Retrieved 14 July 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  9. 1 2 "Sunderland Election". Leicester Chronicle. 6 January 1855. p. 2. Retrieved 14 July 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  10. 1 2 "Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette". 6 January 1855. p. 3. Retrieved 14 July 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 296. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  12. "Election News". Lancaster Gazette. 21 March 1857. p. 6. Retrieved 14 July 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  13. "Personal Notes". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 19 June 1880. p. 20. Retrieved 12 December 2017 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  14. 1 2 3 4 The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 197. ISBN 9781349022984.
  16. "The General Election". Cheshire Observer. 10 July 1886. p. 7. Retrieved 12 December 2017 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  17. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  18. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  19. 1 2 3 4 British Parliamentary Election Results, 1918-1949 FWS Craig
  20. 1 2 3 British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  21. Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  22. Stevenson, Graham. "Richardson Tommy". Retrieved 14 May 2017.
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