Summits of the Americas

The Summits of the Americas (SOA) is a series of international summit meetings bringing together the leaders of countries in the OAS. All countries have sent representatives to all meetings except for Cuba, who was expelled from the OAS under US pressure after the Cuban Revolution of 1959. Cuba participated in the 7th Summit held in Panama in 2015 and sent its foreign minister to the subsequent 2018 summit.[1][2] In the early 1990s, what were formerly ad hoc summits came to be institutionalized into a regular "Summit of the Americas" based on the principles of democracy and free trade.[3] The meetings, organized by a number of multilateral bodies led by the Organization of American States, provide an opportunity for discussions about a variety of issues and topics.

List of summits

SummitDatesHost CountryHost CityHost leader
1stDecember 9–11, 1994 United States[4]MiamiBill Clinton
2ndApril 18–19, 1998 Chile[5]SantiagoEduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle
3rdApril 20–22, 2001 Canada[6]Quebec CityJean Chrétien
4thNovember 4–5, 2005 Argentina[7]Mar del PlataNéstor Kirchner
5thApril 17–19, 2009 Trinidad and Tobago[8]Port-of-SpainPatrick Manning
6thApril 14–15, 2012 Colombia[9]CartagenaJuan Manuel Santos Calderón
7thApril 10–11, 2015 Panama[10]Panama CityJuan Carlos Varela
8thApril 13–14, 2018 Peru[11]LimaMartín Vizcarra

The summits that garnered most general public and media attention were the Quebec City and Mar del Plata events, both of which provoked very large anti-globalization and antiFree Trade Area of the Americas protests and attendant police response.

OAS member states

All 35 independent nations of the Americas are members of the OAS.

NationCapitalHDI
2016 est.
for 2015
[12]
Official
language
 Antigua and BarbudaSt. John's0.786English
 ArgentinaBuenos Aires0.827Spanish
 BahamasNassau0.792English
 BarbadosBridgetown0.795English
 BelizeBelmopan0.706English
 BoliviaSucre0.674Spanish
 BrazilBrasilia0.754Portuguese
 CanadaOttawa0.920English, French
 ChileSantiago0.847Spanish
 ColombiaBogota0.727Spanish
 Costa RicaSan José0.776Spanish
 CubaHavana0.774Spanish
 DominicaRoseau0.726English
 Dominican RepublicSanto Domingo0.722Spanish
 EcuadorQuito0.739Spanish
 El SalvadorSan Salvador0.680Spanish
 GrenadaSt. George's0.754English
 GuatemalaGuatemala City0.640Spanish
 GuyanaGeorgetown0.636English
 HaitiPort-au-Prince0.493French, Haitian Creole
 HondurasTegucigalpa0.625Spanish
 JamaicaKingston0.730English
 MexicoMexico City0.762Spanish
 NicaraguaManagua0.645Spanish
 PanamaPanama City0.788Spanish
 ParaguayAsuncion0.693Spanish
 PeruLima0.740Spanish
 Saint Kitts and NevisBasseterre0.765English
 Saint LuciaCastries0.735English
 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesKingstown0.722English
 SurinameParamaribo0.726Dutch
 Trinidad and TobagoPort of Spain0.780English
 United StatesWashington D.C.0.920English (De Facto)
 UruguayMontevideo0.795Spanish
 VenezuelaCaracas0.767Spanish

Non-members

The following jurisdictions are not members of the OAS as they are dependencies of other nations. They are grouped under the nation that has sovereignty over them.

 Denmark

 France

 Netherlands

 United Kingdom

 United States

References

Notes

    Citations

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