Steve Cauthen (born May 1, 1960) is an American jockey who is now retired. In 1977 he became the first jockey to earn over $6 million in a year. The following year, he became the youngest jockey to win the U. S. Triple Crown. Cauthen was the only jockey ever named Sports Illustrated Sportsman of the Year. After riding for a few years in the United States, he began racing in Europe. He is the only jockey to have won both the Kentucky Derby and The Derby.
His rise to prominence was rapid; he was the nation's leader in race wins in 1977 with 487. In only his second year of riding, he became the first jockey to win $6 million in a single season, passing that mark in December 1977 on a three-year-old filly called Little Happiness in the sixth race at Aqueduct Racetrack. After that, he was called "The Six Million Dollar Man" and "Stevie Wonder."
In 1978 he became the youngest jockey to ever win the U. S. Triple Crown, riding Affirmed, and he was named Sports Illustrated Sportsman of the Year. For 37 years he held the distinction of being the last jockey to sweep all legs of the Triple Crown until Victor Espinoza won the Triple Crown with American Pharoah in 2015.
In his first race in the UK in April 1979 he rode Marquee Universal to victory at Salisbury.
Cauthen was British Champion Jockey three times, and won English classic races ten times, including the 2,000 Guineas, the Derby twice, and the St Leger three times. In 1985 he won three Classics riding Oh So Sharp. In 1989 he rode European Horse of the Year Old Vic to victory in the French Derby and the Irish Derby. In 1991 he won the Italian Derby on Hailsham.
In 1984, Cauthen received the George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award, and was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1994. In 1999, the Racing Post ranked Cauthen as eighth in their list of the Top 50 jockeys of the 20th century.
- 1,000 Guineas - Oh So Sharp (1985)
- 2,000 Guineas - Tap on Wood (1979)
- Ascot Gold Cup - Gildoran (1984), Paean (1987)
- Champion Stakes - Cormorant Wood (1983), In the Groove (1990)
- Cheveley Park Stakes - Desirable (1983)
- Coronation Cup - Time Charter (1984), Triptych (1988), In the Groove (1991)
- Coronation Stakes - Chimes of Freedom (1990)
- Derby - Slip Anchor (1985), Reference Point (1987)
- Eclipse Stakes - Pebbles (1985)
- Falmouth Stakes - Meis El-Reem (1984), Chimes of Freedom (1990)
- Fillies' Mile - Invited Guest (1986), Diminuendo (1987)
- International Stakes - Cormorant Wood (1984), Triptych (1987), In the Groove (1990)
- July Cup - Never So Bold (1985)
- King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes - Reference Point (1987)
- King's Stand Stakes - Indian Ridge (1989), Elbio (1991)
- Lockinge Stakes - Motavato (1982), Cormorant Wood (dead heat 1984)
- Middle Park Stakes - Creag-An-Sgor (1983), Gallic League (1987), Balla Cove (1989), Zieten (1992)
- Nassau Stakes - Nom de Plume (1987)
- Nunthorpe Stakes - Sharpo (1982), Never So Bold (1985)
- Oaks - Oh So Sharp (1985), Diminuendo (1988), Snow Bride (1989)
- Prince of Wales's Stakes - Kind of Hush (1982), Stagecraft (1991)
- Racing Post Trophy - Be My Chief (1989), Peter Davies (1990)
- St. James's Palace Stakes - Horage (1983), Shavian (1990)
- St. Leger - Oh So Sharp (1985), Reference Point (1987), Michelozzo (1989)
- Sun Chariot Stakes - Cormorant Wood (1983)
- Yorkshire Oaks - Diminuendo (1988)
- Grand Prix de Paris - Risk Me (1987), Saumarez (1990)
- Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud - Diamond Shoal (1983), Acatenango (1986)
- Prix de l'Abbaye de Longchamp - Committed (1984), Keen Hunter (1991)
- Prix de Diane - Indian Skimmer (1987)
- Prix d'Ispahan - Indian Skimmer (1989)
- Prix Jacques Le Marois - Lirung (1986)
- Prix Jean Prat - Lapierre (1988), Kitwood (1992)
- Prix du Jockey Club - Old Vic (1989)
- Prix Maurice de Gheest - Never So Bold (1984)
- Prix Royal-Oak - El Cuite (1986)
- Prix Saint-Alary - Indian Skimmer (1987), Rosefinch (1992)
- Aral-Pokal - Almaarad (1988)
- Bayerisches Zuchtrennen - Imperial Fling (1979)
- Grosser Preis von Baden - Diamond Shoal (1983), Gold and Ivory (1985)
- Preis von Europa - Gold and Ivory (1984)
- Irish 1,000 Guineas - In the Groove (1990)
- Irish Derby - Old Vic (1989)
- Irish Oaks - Diminuendo (dead heat 1988), Possessive Dancer (1991)
- Irish St. Leger - Mashaallah (1992)
- Moyglare Stud Stakes - Chimes of Freedom (1989)
- Tattersalls Gold Cup - Opera House (1992)
- Derby Italiano - Hailsham (1991)
- Gran Criterium - Tanque Verde (1985)
- Gran Premio di Milano - Diamond Shoal (1983), Mashaallah (1992)
- Gran Premio d'Italia - El Cuite (1986)
- Gran Premio del Jockey Club - Gold and Ivory (1984)
- Premio Roma - Orban (1987)
- NBC Sports
- "Steve Cauthen". National Museum of Racing. Retrieved 6 June 2015..
- "Steve Cauthen". Derby Legends. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- "Steve Cauthen: career profile". Racing Post. CenturyComm. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
- Richard Edmondson (6 November 1998). "Racing: Cauthen finds bluegrass is greener". The Independent. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
- "A century of racing - 50 greatest flat jockeys". The Racing Post. 17 May 1999. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- "Cauthen remembers the glory years". Mail Online.