South African general election, 1981
All 165 elected seats in the House of Assembly
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
During the 1981 South African general election, held on 29 April of that year, the National Party, under the leadership of P. W. Botha since 1978, lost some support, but achieved another landslide victory, winning 131 of 165 directly elected seats in the House of Assembly.
Its membership now included 12 additional members, of whom four were appointed by the State President and eight were elected by the directly elected members.
The elected additional members were chosen by means of proportional representation, by means of the single transferable vote.
Meanwhile, the Progressive Federal Party – led since 1979 by Frederik van Zyl Slabbert, an Afrikaner – increased its representation to 26 seats, thereby consolidating its position as the official opposition.
|Party||Leader||Votes||%||Elected seats||Other seats||Total seats|
|National Party||P.W. Botha||777,558||56.96%||131||11||142|
|Progressive Federal Party||Frederik van Zyl Slabbert||265,297||19.44%||26||1||27|
|Herstigte Nasionale Party||Jaap Marais||192,304||14.09%||0||0||0|
|New Republic Party||Vause Raw||106,764||7.82%||8||0||8|
The 1981 election was the first since the abolition of the Senate that year, the House of Assembly had become the sole chamber of Parliament. It was also the last to be held under the then 1961 Constitution, under which South Africa had become a republic, while retaining a Westminster-style parliamentary system.
- SOUTH AFRICA Date of Elections: 29 April 1981, International Parliamentary Union
- The Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa, Volume 13, Institute of Foreign and Comparative Law, University of South Africa, 1981, page 354
- Parliaments of South Africa, J.J.L Cloete, J.L. van Schaik, 1985, page 62