Soli, Cilicia

Soli (Greek: Σόλοι, Soloi) was an ancient city and port in Cilicia, in present-day Turkey, a part of Mezitli municipality which in turn is a part of Greater Mersin. It was a colony of Rhodes, founded c. 700 BC. Soli was destroyed in the 1st century BC, and rebuilt by Pompey the Great. Thereafter, it was called Pompeiopolis (Greek: Πομπηιούπολις), not to be confused with the Pompeiopolis in Paphlagonia. The word solecism is derived from Soli, since the dialect of Greek spoken there was considered by Athenians to be a corrupted form of Attic Greek.[1]

Charles Robert Cockrell visited the site of 'Pompeiopolis' in June 1813. Examination of his travel intinery and the archaeological remains present along the coastline of southern Turkey, suggests that Soloi-Pompeiopolis is located at Elaiussa-Sebaste.[2]

Notable natives


  1.  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Soli (Asia Minor)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  2. Cockrell, Charles (1817). Travels in Southern Europe and the Levant, 1810-1817. The Journal of C. R. Cockrell. Longmans, Green & Co. p. 189.

Coordinates: 36°44′31″N 34°32′24″E / 36.74194°N 34.54000°E / 36.74194; 34.54000

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