Solandra

Solandra
Solandra maxima
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Genus: Solandra
Sw.
Species

See text.

Synonyms

Swartsia J.F.Gmel.

Solandra /sˈlændrə/[1] is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. It is named after the Swedish naturalist Daniel C. Solander.[2]

The vines it contains are commonly known as chalice vines and are native to the Caribbean, Mexico and South America. They have very large flowers and glossy foliage. Also called Cup of Gold.

Solandra grandiflora was once (and likely still is) used by the Huichol of Mexico and other tribes of the region where it is known by the name "kieli" or "kieri" with some archaeological evidence supporting the theory that its use as a hallucinogen predates that of "Peyote" (Lophophora williamsii). A tea from the branches and more so from the roots and fruits is used as an inebriant in native traditions. The alkaloids present include atropine, noratropine, hyoscyamine, and tropine with about 0.15% overall content in the leaves.[3][4]

In all ten species are recognized:[3]

  • S. boliviana
  • S. brachycalyx
  • S. brevicalyx
  • S. grandiflora
  • S. longiflora
  • S. maxima
  • S. nizandensis
  • S. paraensis
  • S. guerrerensis
  • S. guttata

Selected species

ImageScientific nameDistribution
Solandra grandiflora Sw.Tropical America
Solandra longiflora TussacVenezuela, Ecuador, Suriname
Solandra maxima (Sessé & Moc.) P.S.Green – Golden chalice vine, Cup of Gold, Hawaiian lilyMexico and Central America
Solandra nitidaMexico

References

  1. Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  2. Genaust, Helmut (1976). Etymologisches Wörterbuch der botanischen Pflanzennamen ISBN 3-7643-0755-2
  3. 1 2 Bernardello, Luis M.; Hunziker, Armando T. (1987-12-01). "A synoptical revision of Solandra (Solanaceae)". Nordic Journal of Botany. 7 (6): 639–652. doi:10.1111/j.1756-1051.1987.tb02032.x. ISSN 1756-1051.
  4. "Solandra grandiflora - Chalice Vine". Entheology.

Media related to Solandra at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Solandra at Wikispecies

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