Socialist International

Socialist International
Socialist International logo
Countries with members of Socialist International
Abbreviation SI
Predecessor Labour and Socialist International
Formation 3 June 1951 (1951-06-03)
Type International non-governmental organisation
Purpose "Strengthen relations between the affiliated parties and to coordinate their political attitudes and activities"[1]
Location
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
153
President
George Papandreou
Secretary General
Luis Ayala
Main organ
Congress of the Socialist International
Budget
£1.4 million (2014)[2]
Website www.socialistinternational.org

The Socialist International (SI) is a worldwide association of political parties which seek to establish democratic socialism.[1] It consists mostly of democratic socialist, social-democratic and labour political parties and other organisations.

Although formed in 1951 as a successor to the Labour and Socialist International, it has antecedents to the late nineteenth century. The association has grown to include 153 member parties[3] from over 100 countries. Its members have governed in many countries including most of Europe. The Party of European Socialists (PES), a major European political party, is an associated organisation of the SI.

The current secretary general of the SI is Luis Ayala (Chile), who has held the post since 1989.[4] The current president of the SI is the former Prime Minister of Greece George Papandreou.[4]

History

The First and Second Internationals (1864–1916)

The International Workingmen's Association (the First International) was the first international body to bring together organisations representing the working class.[5] It was formed in London on 28 September 1864 by socialist, communist and anarchist political groups and trade unions.[6] Tensions between moderates and revolutionaries led to its dissolution in 1876 in Philadelphia.[7]

The Second International was formed in Paris on 14 July 1889 as an association of the socialist parties.[8] Differences over World War I led to the Second International being dissolved in 1916.

The Labour and Socialist International (1919–1940)

International Socialist Commission (ISC, also known as Berne International) was formed in February 1919 at a meeting in Berne by parties that wanted to resurrect the Second International.[9] In March 1919 communist parties formed Comintern (the Third International) at a meeting in Moscow.[10]

Parties which did not want to be a part of the resurrected Second International (ISC) or Comintern formed the International Working Union of Socialist Parties (IWUSP, also known as Vienna International/Vienna Union/Two-and-a-Half International) on 27 February 1921 at a conference in Vienna.[11] The ISC and the IWUSP joined to form the Labour and Socialist International (LSI) in May 1923 at a meeting in Hamburg.[12] The rise of Nazism and the start of World War II led to the dissolution of the LSI in 1940.

The Socialist International (1951–present)

The Socialist International was formed in Frankfurt in July 1951 as a successor to the LSI.[13]

During the post-World War II period, the SI aided social democratic parties in re-establishing themselves when dictatorship gave way to democracy in Portugal (1974) and Spain (1975). Until its 1976 Geneva Congress, the SI had few members outside Europe and no formal involvement with Latin America.[14] In the 1980s, most SI parties gave their backing to the Nicaraguan Sandinistas (FSLN), whose democratically-elected left-wing government was subject to a campaign to overthrow it backed by the United States, which culminated in the Iran–Contra affair after the Reagan administration covertly continued US support for the Contras after such support was banned by Congress.

In the late 1970s and in the 1980s the SI had extensive contacts and discussion with the two leading powers of the Cold War period, the United States and the Soviet Union, on issues concerning East–West relations and arms control. The SI supported détente and disarmament agreements, such as SALTII, START and INF. They had several meetings and discussion in Washington, D.C. with President Jimmy Carter and Vice-President George Bush and in Moscow with Secretaries General Leonid Brezhnev and Mikhail Gorbachev. The SI's delegations to these discussions were led by the Finnish Prime Minister Kalevi Sorsa.[15]

Since then, the SI has admitted as member parties not only the FSLN but also the left-wing Puerto Rican Independence Party, as well as former Communist parties such as the Democratic Party of the Left of Italy and the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO).

Following the Tunisian revolution, the Constitutional Democratic Rally was expelled from the SI in January 2011.[16] Later that month, the Egyptian National Democratic Party was also expelled.[17] As a result of the 2010–2011 Ivorian crisis, the Ivorian Popular Front was expelled in March 2011.[18] However, according to section 5.1.3 of the statutes of the Socialist International, an expulsion requires a decision of Congress by a majority of two-thirds.[19]

The Progressive Alliance (2013)

On 22 May 2013, the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) along with other current and former member parties of the SI founded a rival international network of social-democratic parties known as the Progressive Alliance, out of criticism of the perceived corrupt, undemocratic and outmoded nature of the SI.[20][21][22][23]

Presidents, honorary presidents and secretaries general

Presidents

Honorary presidents

[24]

Secretaries general

Summits

Members

Full members

The following parties are full members:[25][26]

Country Name Abbr Government Notes
 AlbaniaSocialist Party of Albania[27][28][29]PSin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in 1999.[30][29] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31]
 AlgeriaSocialist Forces Front[32][33][34]FFSin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][34]
 AndorraSocial Democratic Party[37][38]PSin oppositionPromoted to full member in 2003.[31][38]
 AngolaPopular Movement for the Liberation of Angola[39]MPLAin governmentAdmitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][39]
 ArgentinaRadical Civic Union[40]UCRjunior party in coalitionAdmitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][40]
 ArgentinaSocialist Party[41][42]PSin oppositionFull member since 1951.[42]
 ArmeniaArmenian Revolutionary Federation [43][44]ARFjunior party in coalitionAdmitted (as Armenian Socialist Party) as observer member in 1996.[36][44] Promoted (as ASP) to consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted (as ASP) to full member in 2003.[31]
 AustriaSocial Democratic Party of Austria[45]SPÖin oppositionFull member since 1951.[45]
 AzerbaijanSocial Democratic PartyASDPin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to consultative member in 2003.[31] Readmitted as consultative member in June/July 2014.[46] Admitted as full member in 2016.[47]
 BelarusBelarusian Social Democratic PartyBSDPin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 1999.[30] Promoted to consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in November 2015.[48]
 BelgiumSocialist Party[49]PSin opposition
 BeninSocial Democratic Party[50]PSDin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1999.[30][50] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][50]
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaSocial Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina[51][38]SDP BiHin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][38]
 BrazilDemocratic Labour Party[52]PDTin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1986.[53][52] Promoted to full member in 1989.[52][54]
 BulgariaParty of Bulgarian Social Democrats[55]PBSDin opposition
 BulgariaBulgarian Socialist Party[56]BSPin oppositionAdmitted as full member in 2003.[31][56]
 Burkina FasoPeople's Movement for ProgressMPPin governmentAdmitted as full member in 2016.[47]
 CameroonSocial Democratic Front[57]SDFin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][57]
 Cape VerdeAfrican Party for the Independence of Cape Verde[58]PAICVin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][58]
 ChileParty for Democracy[59]PPDin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][59]
 ChileRadical Social Democratic Party[60]PRSDin opposition
 ChileSocialist Party of Chile[61]PSin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][61]
 ColombiaColombian Liberal Party[62]PLCin coalitionAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][62]
 Costa RicaNational Liberation Party[63]PLNin oppositionFull member since 1987.[63]
 CroatiaSocial Democratic Party of Croatia[64][65]SDPin oppositionAdmitted as full member in 1999.[30][65]
 CyprusMovement for Social Democracy[66][67]EDEKin oppositionFull member since 1987.[67] Promoted to full member in 1992.[35]
 CyprusRepublican Turkish PartyCTPin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 2008 (pending consultation).[68] Promoted to full member in June/July 2014.[46]
 CyprusCommunal Democracy PartyTDPin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in November 2015.[48] Promoted to full member in March 2017.
 Czech RepublicCzech Social Democratic Party[69][70]ČSSDjunior party in coalition
 Dominican RepublicDominican Revolutionary Party[71]PRDjunior party in coalitionFull member since 1987.[71]
 EgyptEgyptian Social Democratic PartyESDP (or HMDI in Arabic)in oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 2012.[72] Promoted to full member in November 2015.[48]
 Equatorial GuineaConvergence for Social Democracy[73]CPDSin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][73]
 FinlandSocial Democratic Party of FinlandSDPin opposition
 FranceSocialist Party[74]PSin opposition
 GhanaNational Democratic CongressNDCin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]
 GreecePanhellenic Socialist Movement[75]PASOKin oppositionFull member since 1990.[75]
 GuatemalaNational Unity of HopeUNEin oppositionAdmitted as full member in 2008.[68]
 GuineaRally of the Guinean People[76][77]RPGin governmentAdmitted (as Guinean People's Assembly) as consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted (as GPA) to full member in 2003.[31][77]
 HaitiFusion of Haitian Social Democrats[78]PFSDHin oppositionFull member since 1989.[78]
 HungaryHungarian Socialist Party[79][80]MSzPin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 1992.[35][80] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36]
 HungarySocial Democratic Party of HungaryMSZDPextra-parliamentaryMember since 1990.[81] Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35] Promoted to consultative member in 1999.[30]
Promoted to full member in 2003.[31]
 IndiaIndian National CongressINCin oppositionOriginally joined in 1993.[82] Readmitted as full member December 2014.[83]
 IranKurdistan Democratic PartyKDPN/AAdmitted as a full member in November 2015.[48]
 IraqPatriotic Union of KurdistanPUKin governmentAdmitted as observer member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]
 IrelandLabour Party[84][85]in opposition
 IsraelMeretz[86][67]in opposition
 ItalyItalian Socialist PartyPSIin opposition
 JamaicaPeople's National Party[87]PNPin oppositionFull member since 1952.[87] Temporarily demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 JapanSocial Democratic Party[88]SDPin oppositionFull member since 1951 as the Japan Socialist Party.[88]
 KazakhstanNationwide Social Democratic PartyOSDPN/AAdmitted as consultative member in 2012.[72] Promoted to full member in November 2015.[48]
 LebanonProgressive Socialist Party[89]PSPjunior party in coalitionFull member since 1980.[89]
 LithuaniaSocial Democratic Party of Lithuania[90]LSDPjunior party in coalitionFull member since the 1990s.[90]
 LuxembourgLuxembourg Socialist Workers' Party[91][92]LSAP/POSLjunior party in coalitionFull member since 1951.[92]
 MaliAlliance for Democracy in Mali[93]ADEMA-PASJin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][93] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]
 MaliRally for MaliRPMin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]
 MauritaniaRally of Democratic ForcesRFDin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]
 MauritiusLabour Party[94]PTin oppositionFull member since 1969.[94]
 MauritiusMauritian Militant Movement[95]MMMin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][95] Part of the Alliance of the Heart.
 MexicoInstitutional Revolutionary Party[96]PRIin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][96]
 MexicoParty of the Democratic Revolution[97]PRDin oppositionAdmitted as full member in 1996.[36][97]
 MoldovaDemocratic Party of Moldova[98]PDMjunior party in coalitionAdmitted as consultative member in 2008.[68] Promoted to full member in 2012.[72]
Part of Alliance for European Integration.
 MongoliaMongolian People's Party[99][100]MPPin governmentAdmitted (as Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party) as observer member in 1999.[30][100]
Promoted (as Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party) to full member in 2003.[31][100]
 MongoliaMongolian Social Democratic Party[100]MSDPN/AAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35][100] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36] Merged with others in 2000 to form the Democratic Party
 MontenegroDemocratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro[101]DPSsenior party in coalitionAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]
 MontenegroSocial Democratic Party of Montenegro[101][102][103]SDPin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][103]
 MoroccoSocialist Union of Popular Forces[104][105][106]USFPin oppositionPromoted to full member in 1992.[35]
 MozambiqueFrelimo Party[107]FRELIMOin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30]
 NamibiaSouth West Africa People's OrganisationSWAPOin governmentPromoted to full member in 2008.[68]
   NepalNepali Congress[108][109]NCin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in 1989.[54] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][109]
 NicaraguaSandinista National Liberation Front[110]FSLNin governmentAdmitted as observer member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][110]
 NigerNigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism[111]PNDSin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][111]
 PakistanPakistan Peoples Party[112]PPPin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1989.[54] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][112]
 PalestineFatah[113][114]in governmentAdmitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to consultative member in 1999.[30]
Promoted to full member in 2012.[72]
 PanamaDemocratic Revolutionary Party[115]PRDin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1986.[53][115] Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31]
 ParaguayDemocratic Progressive PartyPDPin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 2008.[68] Promoted to full member in November 2015.[48]
 PeruAmerican Popular Revolutionary Alliance[116]APRAin oppositionPromoted to full member in 1999.[30]
 PortugalSocialist Party[117]PSin government
 Puerto RicoPuerto Rican Independence Party[118]PIPin oppositionConsultative member in 1987, full member in 1994.[118] Promoted to full member in 1992.[35]
 RomaniaSocial Democratic Party[119][120]PSDsenior party in coalitionAdmitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30] Consultative member in 1992, full member in 2001.[120] Admitted as full member in 2003.[31]
 RussiaA Just Russia[121][122]SRin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 2008.[68] Promoted to consultative member in 2010. Promoted to full member in 2012.[72][123]
 San MarinoParty of Socialists and Democrats[111]PSDin oppositionConsultative member in 1961, full member in 1980.[111]
 SenegalSocialist Party of Senegal[124][125]PSN/AFull member since the 1970s.[125] Boycotted last election.
 SerbiaDemocratic Party[126]DSin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]
 SlovakiaDirection – Social Democracy[127]SMER-SDsenior party in coalitionFull member since 1994.[127]
 South AfricaAfrican National Congress[128]ANCin governmentAdmitted as full member in 1999.[30][128]
 SpainSpanish Socialist Workers' Party[129]PSOEin governmentFull member since 1951.[129]
 TanzaniaChama Cha MapinduziCCMin governmentAdmitted as full member in 2013.[130]
 TunisiaDemocratic Forum for Labour and LibertiesFDTLjunior party in coalitionAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Promoted to full member in 2012.[72]
 TurkeyRepublican People's Party[131][132][133]CHPin oppositionTook Social Democratic Populist Party's place in 1995.[133]
 United KingdomSocial Democratic and Labour Party[134][135]SDLPin oppositionFull member since 1974.[135]
 UruguayNew Space[136][137]PNEin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][137]
 UruguaySocialist Party of Uruguay[138]PSUAin governmentAdmitted as full member in 1999.[30][138]
 VenezuelaA New EraUNTin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 2013.[130] Promoted to full member in November 2015.[48]
 VenezuelaDemocratic Action[139][140]ADin oppositionObserver member in 1966, consultative member in 1981, full member mid 1980s.[140]
 VenezuelaMovement for SocialismMASin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]
 VenezuelaPopular WillVPin oppositionAdmitted as full member in December 2014.[83]
 YemenYemeni Socialist PartyYSPin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 2003.[31] Promoted to consultative member in 2008.[68]
Promoted to full member in 2012.[72]

Consultative parties

The following parties are consultative parties:[25][26]

Country Name Abbr Government Notes
 AlgeriaNational Liberation FrontFLNin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in 2013.[130]
 BelizePeople's United PartyPUPin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in June/July 2014.[46]
 BotswanaBotswana Democratic PartyBDPin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in June/July 2014.[46]
 ChadNational Union for Democracy and RenewalUNDRin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in June/July 2014.[46]
 GabonGabonese Progress PartyPGPN/AAdmitted as consultative member in 1996.[36]
 GambiaUnited Democratic PartyUDPN/AAdmitted as consultative member in 2012.[72] Boycotted last election.
 GeorgiaSocial Democrats for the Development of GeorgiaSDDN/AAdmitted as consultative member in 2013.[130]
 Guinea-BissauAfrican Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape VerdePAIGCin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in 2008.[68]
 IranDemocratic Party of Iranian KurdistanPDKIN/AAdmitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to consultative member in 2008.[68]
 NigeriaAll Progressives Congress[114]APCin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in December 2014.[83]
 PalestinePalestinian National Initiative[114]PNIin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 2008.[68] Promoted to consultative member in 2012.[72]
 Sahrawi RepublicPolisario FrontPOLISARIOin governmentAdmitted as observer member in 2008.[68] Promoted to consultative member in 2017.[141][142]
 São Tomé and PríncipeMovement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic PartyMLSTP/PSDin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in 2013.[130]
 SwazilandPeople's United Democratic MovementPUDEMON/AAdmitted as consultative member in 2013.[130] Political parties are banned in Swaziland.
 SyriaDemocratic Union PartyPYDAdmitted as consultative member in November 2015.[48]
 TogoDemocratic Convention of African PeoplesCDPAAdmitted as consultative member in 1999.[30]
 Timor-LesteRevolutionary Front for an Independent East TimorFRETILINsenior party in coalitionAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]
 TurkeyPeoples' Democratic PartyHDPin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 2015.
 UkraineSocial Democratic Party of Ukraine[143]SDPUN/AAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]
 ZambiaPatriotic FrontPFin governmentAdmitted as consultative member in 2013.[130]

Observer parties

The following parties are observer parties:[25][26]

Country Name Abbr Government Notes
 Central African RepublicMovement for the Liberation of the Central African PeopleMLPCin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 2008.[68]
 Democratic Republic of the CongoUnion for Democracy and Social ProgressUDPSin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 2003.[31]
 Democratic Republic of the CongoUnified Lumumbist PartyPALUin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in December 2014.[83]
 HaitiStruggling People's OrganizationOPLAdmitted (as Lavalas Political Organisation) as observer member in 1996.[36]
 IranKomala Party of Iranian KurdistanKPIKAdmitted as observer member in December 2014.[83]
 IranKomala Party of KurdistanKPKAdmitted as observer member in December 2014.[83]
 KenyaLabour Party of KenyaAdmitted as observer member in 2012.[72]
 KosovoSelf-determination MovementVVAdmitted as observer member in 2018.
 LesothoLesotho Congress for DemocracyLCDin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in June/July 2014.[46]
 SerbiaSocial Democratic Party of SerbiaSDPSjunior party in coalition governmentAdmitted as observer member in 2018.
 SwazilandSwaziland Democratic PartySWADEPAAdmitted as observer member in June/July 2014.[46]
 United KingdomLabour Party[144]in oppositionMember since 1951.[144] In devolved government in Wales. The party asked and obtained to be downgraded to observer status in February 2013 "in view of ethical concerns, and to develop international co-operation through new networks."[145]

Former members

Country Name Abbr Notes
 AlbaniaSocial Democratic Party of Albania[146]PSDAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][146] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 AndorraNew DemocracyNDAdmitted as consultative member in 1999.[30]
 Antigua and BarbudaAntigua Labour PartyALPAdmitted as consultative member in 2008.[68]
 ArgentinaPopular Socialist PartyPSPAdmitted as full member in 1992.[35] Merged with the Democratic Socialist Party to form the Socialist Party.
 ArubaPeople's Electoral Movement[39]MEPPromoted to full member in 1992.[35] Full member since 1994.[39] Delisted in December 2014.
 AustraliaAustralian Labor Party[147]ALPAdmitted as full member in 1966.[147] Delisted in December 2014.
 BarbadosBarbados Labour Party[148]BLPAdmitted as full member in 1987.[148] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 BelgiumBelgian Socialist PartyPSB/BSPFounder member. Split in 1978.
 BelgiumSocialist Party DifferentSP.aDelisted in 2017.
 BeninDemocratic Union of Progressive ForcesUDFPAdmitted as observer member in 1992.[35]
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaAlliance of Independent Social DemocratsSNSDAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008[68] Expelled in August 2012.[72]
 BotswanaBotswana National FrontBNFAdmitted as observer member in 1996.[36]
 BoliviaRevolutionary Left Movement[149]MIRAdmitted as consultative member in 1986.[53] Consultative member in 1987.[149] Promoted to full member in 1992.[35][149]
 BulgariaEuropean LeftBEL[150]Admitted as observer member in 1999.[30]
 Burkina FasoParty for Democracy and Progress / Socialist Party[59]PDP/PSAdmitted as full member circa 1995.[59] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 BurundiFront for Democracy in BurundiFRODEBUAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
Delisted in December 2014.
 CanadaCo-operative Commonwealth FederationCCFBecame the New Democratic Party in 1961.
 CanadaNew Democratic Party[151]NDP/NPDDelisted in 2018.
 Central African RepublicMovement for Democracy and Social ProgressMDPSAdmitted as observer member in 1992.[35]
 Ivory CoastIvorian Popular Front[152]FPIAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][152] Expelled in March 2011.[18]
 ColombiaAlternative Democratic PolePDAFormer observer member. Delisted in December 2014.
 ColombiaM-19 Democratic AllianceAdmitted as observer member in 1992.[35]
 CuraçaoPartido MANMANPromoted to full member in 1989.[54] Delisted in 2017.
 DenmarkSocial DemocratsSDFounding member. Withdrew in 2017.
 DominicaDominica Labour PartyDLPAdmitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 EcuadorDemocratic Left[153]PIDMember since 1987.[153] Delisted in 2017.
 EgyptNational Democratic Party[63]NDPAdmitted as full member in 1989.[54] Full member since 1992.[63] Expelled in January 2011.[17][154][155]
 El SalvadorDemocratic PartyPDAdmitted as observer member in 1996.[36]
 EstoniaSocial Democratic Party[156][157]SDEMember since 1990.[157] Withdrew in 2017.
 FijiFiji Labour PartyFLPAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Expelled in 2008, due to the party's participation in a government issued from a military coup.[68]
 GeorgiaUnion of Citizens of GeorgiaCUGAdmitted as observer member in 1996.[36]
 GermanySocial Democratic Party of GermanySPDFounding member. Withdrew in 2017.
 GreenlandForwardAdmitted as consultative member in 1986.[53] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 GuatemalaSocial Democratic Convergence[158]CSDAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31][158]
 HaitiParty of the National Congress of Democratic MovementsKONAKOMAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36]
 HaitiRevolutionary Progressive Nationalist PartyPANPRAAdmitted as consultative member in 1989.[54] Promoted to full member in 1992.[35]
 IcelandSocial Democratic PartyAMember since 1987.[159] Formed Social Democratic Alliance in 2000.
 IcelandSocial Democratic AllianceSWithdrew in 2017.
 IsraelIsraeli Labor Party[86]HavodaSuspended membership in July 2018 over SI's adoption of BDS policies.[160]
 IranLeague of Iranian SocialistsJoined in 1960.[161] It was dissolved in 1980s.
 ItalyDemocratic Party of the LeftPDSAdmitted as full member in 1992.[35] Merged with others to form Democrats of the Left in 1998.
 ItalyDemocrats of the Left[162]DSFull member since 1992 as Democratic Party of the Left.[162] Merged with other movements to form the Democratic Party in 2007. Listed as SI member until XXIV Congress in 2012.
 ItalyItalian Socialist PartyPSIParty dissolved in 1994 and succeeded by the Italian Socialists (who formed the Italian Democratic Socialists in 1998 and resumed as the Italian Socialist Party PSI in 2007).
 ItalyItalian Democratic Socialist PartyPSDIParty merged into the Italian Democratic Socialists in 1998 (renamed into Italian Socialist Party PSI in 2007).
 JapanDemocratic Socialist PartyMinsha-tōAdmitted as SI member in 1961.[163] Merged with non-socialist movements to form the New Frontier Party in 1994.
 JordanJordanian Democratic Party of the LeftJDPLAdmitted as observer member in 2003.[31]
 KyrgyzstanAta Meken Socialist Party[164]Admitted as observer member in 2008.[68]
 LatviaLatvian Social Democratic Workers' Party[165]LSDSPFull member since 1994.[165] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
Delisted in December 2014.
 LatviaSocial Democratic Party "Harmony"SDPSAdmitted as consultative member in June/July 2014.[46] Withdrew in 2017.
 MacedoniaSocial Democratic Union of Macedonia[166][167][168]SDSMAdmitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][168] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 MadagascarParty for National UnityVITMAdmitted as consultative member in 1989.[54]
 MalaysiaDemocratic Action Party[169][140]DAPFull member since 1987.[140] Delisted in 2017.
 MaltaLabour Party[170]PLFull member since 1955.[170] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 MoldovaSocial Democratic Party of MoldovaPSDMAdmitted as observer member in 1996.[36]
 NamibiaCongress of DemocratsCoDAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 NetherlandsLabour Party[171]PvdADecided to minimise involvement in SI in December 2012.[172] Delisted in December 2014.
 New ZealandNew Zealand Labour Party[137]NZLPMember since 1952.[137] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 North VietnamVietnamese Socialist Party[173]Consultative member between 1955 and 1969.[173]
 NorwayLabour Party[174][175]DNAMember since 1951.[175] Withdrew in 2016.
 ParaguayParty for a Country of Solidarity[176]PPSAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]
 ParaguayRevolutionary Febrerista Party[177][178]PRFAdmitted as full member in the 1970s.[178]
 PhilippinesPhilippines Democratic Socialist PartyPDSPAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 PhilippinesAkbayan Citizens' Action PartyAKBAYANAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]
 PolandDemocratic Left Alliance[179][180]SLDFull member since 1996.[180] Withdrew in 2017.
 PolandLabour Union[181]UPAdmitted as full member in 1996.[36][181] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
Delisted in December 2014.
 PolandSocial Democracy of the Republic of PolandSdRPAdmitted as full member in 1996.[36] Absorbed into the Democratic Left Alliance in 1999.
 RomaniaDemocratic PartyPDAdmitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30] Merged with the Liberal Democratic Party to form the Democratic Liberal Party.
 RussiaSocial Democratic Party of RussiaSDPRAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]
 Saint LuciaProgressive Labour PartyExpelled in 1992.[35]
 Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevis Labour PartySKNLPAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 Saint LuciaSaint Lucia Labour PartySLPAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent Labour PartySVGLPAdmitted as consultative member in 1989.[54] Merged with the Movement for National Unity in 1994 to form the Unity Labour Party.
 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesUnity Labour PartyULPDemoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 SerbiaSocial Democratic Party[126]SDPAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]
Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Ceased to exist in 2009[126]
 SingaporePeople's Action PartyPAPResigned in 1976 due to Dutch concerns over suppression of free speech.
 SlovakiaParty of the Democratic LeftSDĽAdmitted as full member in 1996.[36] Merged with Direction – Social Democracy in 2005.
 SlovakiaSocial Democratic Party of SlovakiaSDSSAdmitted as full member in 1992.[35] Merged with Direction – Social Democracy in 2005.
 SloveniaSlovenian Democratic PartySDSAdmitted (as the Social Democratic Party of Slovenia) as observer member in 1992.[35]
 SloveniaSocial Democrats[182]SDAdmitted (as United List of Social Democrats) as full member in 1996.[36][182] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.
 SwedenSwedish Social Democratic PartySAPWithdrew in March 2017.[183][184]
  SwitzerlandSocial Democratic Party of Switzerland[185]SP/PSWithdrew in 2017.
 TunisiaConstitutional Democratic Rally[52]RCDAdmitted as full member in 1989.[54] Full member since 1993.[52] Expelled in January 2011.[16]
 TunisiaPopular Unity MovementMUPAdmitted as consultative member in 1989.[54]
 TurkeyDemocratic Left PartyDSPAdmitted as consultative member in 1986.[53] Expelled in 1992.[35]
 TurkeyDemocratic People's PartyDEHAPAdmitted as observer member in 2003.[31] Merged with the Democratic Society Movement to form the Democratic Society Party which in turn was succeeded by the Peace and Democracy Party.
 TurkeySocial Democracy Party[133]SODEPFull member since 1990.[133] Merged with the Republican People's Party in 1995.[133]
 TurkeySocial Democratic Populist PartySHPAdmitted as consultative member in 1986.[53] Promoted to full member in 1989.[54] Merged with the Republican People's Party in 1995.
 UkraineSocialist Party of UkraineSPUAdmitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Expelled in July 2011.[186]
 United States Democratic Socialists of America DSA Had been a member of SI since founding in 1982, withdrew in August 2017.[187]
 United StatesSocial Democrats, USA[182]SDUSAMember since 1972.[182] Exited SI in 2005.
 UruguayParty for the Government of the PeoplePGPAdmitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Merged with the Colorado Party in 1994.
 VenezuelaFor Social DemocracyPODEMOSAdmitted as consultative member in 2008.[68]
 ZimbabweMovement for Democratic ChangeMDCAdmitted as full member in 2008.[68] Delisted in 2017.

Fraternal organisations

Associated organisations

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 "Statutes of the Socialist International". Socialist International.
  2. "Finances of the International". Socialist International.
  3. "About Us". Socialist International.
  4. 1 2 3 "Presidium". Socialist International.
  5. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 176.
  6. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. xxiv.
  7. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. xxv.
  8. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 302.
  9. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 52.
  10. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 77.
  11. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 177.
  12. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 197.
  13. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 320.
  14. The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of South America, Routledge, 1989
  15. Väänänen, Pentti (2012). Purppuraruusu ja samettinyrkki (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Kellastupa. pp. 192–194. ISBN 9789525787115.
  16. 1 2 "SI decision on Tunisia". Socialist International. 17 January 2011.
  17. 1 2 "Letter to the General Secretary of the National Democratic Party, NDP Egypt" (PDF). Socialist International. 31 January 2011.
  18. 1 2 "SI Presidium addresses situation in Côte d'Ivoire". Socialist International. 19 March 2011.
  19. "SI Statutes". Socialist International. 5 February 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
  20. Bruderzwist unter Sozialisten - Politik - Süddeutsche.de. Sueddeutsche.de. Retrieved on 15 July 2013.
  21. Progressive Alliance: Sozialdemokraten gründen weltweites Netzwerk - SPIEGEL ONLINE. Spiegel.de (22 May 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  22. Sozialdemokratie: „Progressive Alliance“ gegründet - Politik. FAZ. Retrieved on 15 July 2013.
  23. (in German) Sozialistische Internationale hat ausgedient: SPD gründet "Progressive Alliance". n-tv.de. Retrieved on 15 July 2013.
  24. "Honorary Presidents of the Socialist International". Socialist International.
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 "Member Parties". Socialist International.
  26. 1 2 3 "Social Democratic Parties". Broad Left. 1 June 2005.
  27. "Key Political Parties in Albania". Balkan Insight.
  28. "Albania". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity.
  29. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 323.
  30. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 "XXI Congress of the Socialist International, Paris - Decisions of the Congress Regarding Membership". Socialist International.
  31. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 "XXII Congress of the Socialist International, São Paulo - Decisions of the Congress Regarding Membership". Socialist International.
  32. "FFS (Socialist Forces Front)". European Institute for Research on Euro-Arab Co-operation.
  33. "Algeria". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. Archived from the original on 24 January 2014.
  34. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 319.
  35. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 "XIX Congress of the Socialist International, Berlin - Decisions on Membership of the Socialist International". Socialist International.
  36. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 "XX Congress of the Socialist International, New York - Congress Decisions Regarding Membership". Socialist International.
  37. "Benvinguts" (in Catalan). Social Democratic Party (Andorra).
  38. 1 2 3 4 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 311.
  39. 1 2 3 4 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 270.
  40. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 286.
  41. "Historia del Partido Socialista" (in Spanish). Socialist Party (Argentina). Archived from the original on 30 July 2012.
  42. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 35.
  43. "In the Socialist International". Armenian Revolutionary Federation.
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  45. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 44.
  46. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "SI Council Meeting in Mexico City". Socialist International.
  47. 1 2 "Socialist International - Progressive Politics For A Fairer World". www.socialistinternational.org. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  48. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Meeting of the SI Council in Luanda, Angola 27-28 November 2015". Socialist International.
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  52. 1 2 3 4 5 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 101.
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  54. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "XVIII Congress of the Socialist International, Stockholm - Decisions on Membership of the Socialist International". Socialist International.
  55. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 67.
  56. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 68.
  57. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 307.
  58. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 25.
  59. 1 2 3 4 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 265.
  60. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 314.
  61. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 325.
  62. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 211.
  63. 1 2 3 4 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 245.
  64. "Croatia". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity.
  65. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 312.
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  70. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 95.
  71. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 108.
  72. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "XXIV Congress of the Socialist International, Cape Town - Decisions on Membership". Socialist International.
  73. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 87.
  74. "L'internationale socialiste" (in French). Socialist Party (France).
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  76. "Attack on President Condé an assault on democracy". Socialist International. 19 July 2011.
  77. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 148.
  78. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 351.
  79. "A Magyar Szocialista Párt..." (in Hungarian). Hungarian Socialist Party.
  80. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 158.
  81. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 156.
  82. Gabriel Sheffer (1993). Innovative Leaders in International Politics. SUNY Press. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-7914-1520-7. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  83. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Meeting of the SI Council at the United Nations in Geneva". Socialist International.
  84. "International Solidarity". Labour Party (Ireland).
  85. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 180.
  86. 1 2 "Israel". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. Archived from the original on 15 January 2015.
  87. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 271.
  88. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 186.
  89. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 283.
  90. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 214.
  91. "LSAP aujourd'hui" (in French). Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party.
  92. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 217.
  93. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 29.
  94. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 230.
  95. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 229.
  96. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 167.
  97. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 268.
  98. "Moldova". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. Archived from the original on 5 April 2015.
  99. "Party History". Mongolian People's Party.
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  101. 1 2 "Montenegro". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. Archived from the original on 2005-04-18.
  102. "Socijalistička internacionala" (in Montenegrin). Social Democratic Party of Montenegro. Archived from the original on 2014-02-21.
  103. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 313.
  104. "Relations internationales" (in French). Socialist Union of Popular Forces.
  105. "Morocco". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. Archived from the original on 10 September 2014.
  106. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 328.
  107. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 132.
  108. "Introduction". Nepali Congress.
  109. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 250.
  110. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 296.
  111. 1 2 3 4 5 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 267.
  112. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 261.
  113. "Fatah becomes member of Socialist International". Ma'an News Agency. 2 July 2011.
  114. 1 2 3 "Palestinian Territories". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. Archived from the original on 3 June 2009.
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  117. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 280.
  118. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 285.
  119. "Afiliere internationala" (in Romanian). Social Democratic Party (Romania).
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  122. "Just Russia – member of Socialist International". Sergey Mironov.
  123. (in Russian). A Just Russia http://www.spravedlivo.ru/news/anews/19005.php. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  124. "Le Parti en bref" (in French). Socialist Party of Senegal.
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  128. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 24.
  129. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 336.
  130. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 http://www.socialistinternational.org/images/dynamicImages/files/Council%20decisions-1.pdf
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  136. "Nuevo Espacio" (in Spanish). New Space (Uruguay).
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  139. "Propuestas" (in Spanish). Democratic Action.
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References

Further reading

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