|Coordinates: 45°52′N 24°14′E / 45.87°N 24.23°ECoordinates: 45°52′N 24°14′E / 45.87°N 24.23°E|
|• Total||5,432 km2 (2,097 sq mi)|
|• Density||78/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 269 or (+40) 369|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-SB|
In 2011, it had a population of 375,992 and the population density was 78/km².
At the 2011 census the county has the following population indices:
- Romanians - 91.25% (or 340,836)
- Romani - 4.76% (or 17,901)
- Hungarians - 2.89% (or 10,893)
- Germans (Transylvanian Saxons) - 1.09% (or 4,117)
- Other - 0.1% (or 640)
- Romanian Orthodox - 90.9%
- Greek Catholics - 2.3%
- Reformed - 2.0%
- Roman Catholics - 1.5%
- Pentecostals - 1.1%
- Baptists 0.9%
- Other - 1.3%
Urbanisation - 5th most urbanised county in Romania:
- City dwellers: 277,574 (or 65.8%)
- Village dwelers: 144,150 (or 34.2%)
The south side of the county, closer to the mountains was mainly inhabited by Romanians (Mărginimea Sibiului), and the north side of the country - the Transylvanian Plateau was inhabited evenly by Germans and Romanians, but most Saxon villages are now deserted. The Roma population, mainly from southern Romania, was placed close to the villages in the Communist period and have since increased their numbers.
This county has a total area of 5,432 km².
In the South side there are the Carpathian Mountains (Southern Carpathians) - Făgăraș Mountains with heights over 2500 m, Lotru and Cindrel which make up to 30% of the county's surface. The Olt River crosses the mountains over to the South of Romania in Sibiu County forming one of the most accessible link between Transylvania and Wallachia. In the North side there is the Transylvanian Plateau.
Sibiu County has one of the most dynamic economies in Romania, and is one of the regions with the highest level of foreign investment.
The predominant industries in the county are:
The biggest natural resource in the county is natural gas, especially in the north side, having one of the largest sources in the country.
In Copșa Mică during the communist period there were two chemical industrial complexes which polluted the environment heavily with carbon black, heavy metals, and other chemical substances. The area is still considered one of the most polluted communities in Europe. After 1989 many of the industrial complexes were shut down and the area is slowly recovering.
The regional legislature is the County Council. Its president was Martin Bottesch (Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania) from 2004 to 2012.
The Sibiu County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition:
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|National Liberal Party||13|
|Social Democratic Party||12|
|Democratic Forum of Germans||8|
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
- The city of Sibiu with its medieval fortifications and its historic centre.
- The medieval city of Mediaș.
- The medieval Saxon fortified churches and villages from Transylvania, some of them being UNESCO World Heritage Sites:
- The abbey of Cârța
- The Făgăraș Mountains.
- Păltiniș mountain resort and the Cindrel Mountains.
- Ocna Sibiului, Bazna and Miercurea Sibiului Spa towns.
- The Mărginimea Sibiului rural area.
Sibiu County has 2 municipalities, 9 towns and 53 communes
- Apoldu de Jos
- Arpașu de Jos
- Axente Sever
- Gura Râului
- Poiana Sibiului
- Porumbacu de Jos
- Râu Sadului
- Șeica Mare
- Șeica Mică
- Șura Mare
- Șura Mică
- Turnu Roșu
- Valea Viilor
Panoramic view of Sibiu in 1928.
|Historic region||Transylvania and Crişana|
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Sibiu|
|• Total||3,531 km2 (1,363 sq mi)|
|• Density||55/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
The interwar county's territory included most of the southwestern portion of today's Sibiu County, excluding the area around Vizocna that belonged to former Hungarian subdivision of Alsó-Fehér County, and the communes of Agârbiciu, Buia, Frâua, Hașag, Șelca Mare, and Șelca Mică, which all belonged to Târnava Mare County. Sibiu County once contained the district around Sebeș, which passed in 1920 to Alba County.
It was bordered to the west by the counties of Hunedoara and Alba, to the north by the counties of Târnava-Mică and Târnava Mare, to the east by Făgăraș County, and to the south by the counties of Gorj and Vâlcea.
- Plasa Mercurea, headquartered at Mercurea
- Plasa Ocna Sibiului, headquartered at Ocna Sibiului
- Plasa Săliște, headquartered at Săliște
- Plasa Sibiu, headquartered at Sibiu
A subsequent administrative division in 1937 had the county divided into the city of Sibiu and six districts:
According to the census data of 1930, the county's population was 194,619, of which 62.0% were Romanians, 29.3% Germans, 4.7% Hungarians, as well as other minorities. In the religious aspect, the population consisted of 52.0% Eastern Orthodox, 27.8% Lutheran, 12.7% Greek Catholic, 4.0% Roman Catholic, 2.2% Reformed (Calvinist), as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the urban population was ethnically divided as follows: 43.8% Germans, 37.7% Romanians, 13.2% Hungarians, 2.7% Jews, as well as other minorities. As a mother tongue in the urban population, German was spoken by 44.7% of the population, followed by Romanian (38.5%), Hungarian (13.7%), Yiddish (1.4%), as well as other minority languages. From the religious point of view, the urban population was made up of 38.8% Lutheran, 31.5% Eastern Orthodox, 12.9% Roman Catholic, 7.5% Greek Catholic, 5.2% Reformed, 2.9% Jewish, as well as other minorities.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sibiu County.|
- The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine.
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
- "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Sibiu
- Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 410-413
- Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 726-727