A ship burial or boat grave is a burial in which a ship or boat is used either as a container for the dead and the grave goods, or as a part of the grave goods itself. If the ship is very small, it is called a boat grave. This style of burial was used among the Germanic peoples, particularly by Viking Age Norsemen. According to the Boxer Codex, ship burials were also practiced by the indigenous peoples of the Philippines.
Viking Age ship burials
- Ladby – from Kerteminde on the island of Funen, Denmark
- Gokstad – from Kongshaugen, Vestfold, Norway
- Oseberg – from Oseberg farm near Tønsberg in Vestfold, Norway
- Tune – from Haugen farm on Rolvsøy in Tune, Østfold, Norway
- Valsgärde – from a farm on the Fyris River, Gamla Uppsala, Sweden
- Vendel – from Ottarshögen (the mound of Ohthere) in Uppland, Sweden
- Anundshög – the mound of Anund just outside Västerås in Västmanland, Sweden
- Nabberör near Nabbelund, Öland, a ship burial from the Vendel Period with four skeletons, formerly covered by a cairn and now heavily damaged.
- Rurikovo Gorodishche – situated on an island on the Volkhov River near Veliky Novgorod, Russia
- Sarskoye Gorodishche – from a medieval fortified settlement in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia
- Timerevo – from site near the village of Bolshoe Timeryovo, Yaroslavl, Russia
- Black Grave – from the largest burial mound in Chernihiv, Ukraine
- Ibn Fadlan and the Land of Darkness: Arab Travellers in the Far North (Penguin Classics 2012, ISBN 9780140455076), Introduction by Paul Lunde and Caroline Stone, pp. xxiii–xxiv.
- The Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde
- Gokstadhaugen – Artificial Mound in Norway
- Osebergskipet – The Oseberg Ship, Norway Archived 2007-02-11 at the Wayback Machine.
- Viking Ship Museum at Bygdøy Archived 2011-10-06 at the Wayback Machine.
- Anundshög, Stoneship
- Larsson, Gunilla (2007). Ship and society: maritime ideology in Late Iron Age Sweden. Uppsala Universitet, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. p. 415. ISBN 9789150619157.
- Incorporated, Walter De Gruyter (2002). Naualia – Ãstfold. Walter de Gruyter. p. 595. ISBN 9783110903515.
- Strömberg, Märta (1961). Untersuchungen zur jüngeren Eisenzeit in Schonen: Textband. Mit einem Beitrag von J. Lepiksaar. R. Habelt.
- Mikroficheupplaga av Tillväxten. Kungl. Vitterhets, historie och antikvitets akademien. 1946. p. xcix.
- Vikings on Mann
- "Viking boat burial site discovered in Scottish Highlands". Channel 4 News. Retrieved 2011-10-19.
- The Scar Viking Boat Burial