Seventh European Parliament

7th European Parliament
14 July 2009 – 1 July 2014
President (1st ½) Jerzy Buzek
President (2nd ½) Martin Schulz
Commission Barroso
Political groups
MEPs 736 (754 from 1 December 2011)
Elections
Governing treaty

The seventh European Parliament was elected in the 2009 elections and lasted until the 2014 elections.

Major events

Activity

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Source
Reports
Resolutions and positions
Parliamentary questions
Written declarations

Major resolutions and positions

Resolution/position number Procedure number Notes

Committees

Summary

Type Number Sources Notes
Standing committee
Temporary committee
Committee of enquiry

Temporary committees

Code Committee Report Sources

Committees of enquiry

Code Committee Report Sources

Delegations

Type Number Sources
Europe delegations
Non-Europe delegations
Ad-hoc delegations

Political groups

See membership below for details of size
Group name Acronym Seats Percent Chairs Vice-Presidents
  European People's Party EPP 265 36% Joseph Daul 5
  Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats S&D 184 25% Martin Schulz 5
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group ALDE 84 11.4% Guy Verhofstadt 2
  The Greens–European Free Alliance GREENS/EFA 55 7.5% Rebecca Harms
Daniel Cohn-Bendit
1
  European Conservatives and Reformists ECR 54 7.3% Michał Kamiński 0[nb 3]
  European United Left–Nordic Green Left GUE-NGL 35 4.8% Lothar Bisky 0
  Europe of Freedom and Democracy EFD 32 4.3% Nigel Farage
Francesco Speroni
0
  Non-Inscrits[nb 4] NA 27 3.7% --- 1[nb 3]

Members in groups by country

Political group[1]
Country
EPP S&D ALDE Greens/EFA ECR GUE-NGL EFD NI MEPs
Austria 6 4 2 3 17
Belgium 5 5 5 4 1 2 22
Bulgaria 6 4 5 2 17
Cyprus 2 2 2 6
Czech Republic 2 7 9 4 22
Denmark 1 4 3 2 1 2 13
Estonia 1 1 3 1 6
Finland 4 2 4 2 1 13
France 29 14 6 14 5 1 3 72
Germany 42 23 12 14 8 99
Greece 8 8 1 3 2 22
Hungary 14 4 1 3 22
Ireland 4 3 4 1 12
Italy 35 21 7 9 72
Latvia 3 1 1 1 1 1 8
Lithuania 4 3 2 1 2 12
Luxembourg 3 1 1 1 6
Malta 2 3 5
Netherlands 5 3 6 3 1 2 1 4 25
Poland 28 7 15 50
Portugal 10 7 5 22
Romania 14 11 5 3 33
Slovakia 6 5 1 1 13
Slovenia 3 2 2 7
Spain 23 21 2 2 1 1 50
Sweden 5 5 4 3 1 18
United Kingdom 13 11 5 25 1 13 4 72
Total 265 184 84 55 54 35 32 27 736

Leadership

Presidents

Term President
(or candidate)
Group State Votes
14 July 2009 – 17 January 2012[2] Jerzy Buzek   EPP Poland 555
Eva-Britt Svensson   GUE-NGL Sweden 89
17 January 2012–[3] Martin Schulz   PES Germany 387
Nirj Deva   ECR United Kingdom 142
Diana Wallis   ALDE United Kingdom 141

Vice-Presidents

Group Vice-President
(or candidate)
State Votes in: Pick
1st round 2nd round 3rd round
EPP Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou Greece 355 --- ---
Roberta Angelilli Italy 277 266 274
Alejo Vidal-Quadras Spain 332 303 308
Pál Schmitt Hungary 266 239 257
Rainer Wieland Germany 267 235 237
S&D Giovanni Pittella Italy 360 --- ---
Stavros Lambrinidis Greece 348 --- ---
Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez Spain 330 292 327
Dagmar Roth-Behrendt Germany 299 288 287
Libor Rouček Czech Republic 284 276 278
ALDE Diana Wallis UK 303 274 272
Silvana Koch-Mehrin Germany 148 141 186
ECR Michał Kamiński Poland 194 175 174
Edward McMillan-Scott (non-attached)[nb 3] UK 237 242 244
GREENS/EFA Isabelle Durant Belgium 268 259 276

Quaestors

Group Quaestor
(or candidate)
State Votes in: Pick
1st round 2nd round 3rd round
EPP Jim Higgins Ireland 352 --- ---
Astrid Lulling Luxembourg 322 327 306
Ria Oomen-Ruijten Netherlands 161 187 186
S&D Lidia Geringer de Oedenberg Poland 398 --- ---
ALDE Bill Newton Dunn UK 164 202 208
ECR James Nicholson UK 171 172 176
GUE-NGL Jiří Maštálka Czech Republic 206 283 293
EFD Francesco Speroni Italy 145 130 131

Membership

After the 2009 election, the members formed seven groups with around 26 independent members, mainly from the far right which failed to unify into a political group. With the Treaty of Lisbon not in force in time for the elections, the national distribution followed the rules of the Treaty of Nice which necessitated a reduction to 736 members. Extra members will join the chamber if Lisbon comes into force.[4]

The seventh parliament ended with a total of 766 MEPs (including Croatia) and was slimmed down to 751 at the start of the eight parliament.

For the seventh parliament, the number of women increased from 31% to 35% (the highest to date, from 16% in 1979) with increases in most countries. The largest percentage was in Sweden, with 56% of MEPs women, followed by Estonia with 50%. The lowest was Malta with no women members at all, followed by the Czech Republic with 18%, down from 21%.[5]

From inauguration, the youngest member was Emilie Turunen of Denmark (born in 1984 making her 25) and the oldest member was Ciriaco de Mita of Italy (born 1928 making him 81).[6] Usually the oldest member would preside over the chamber for the election of the Parliament's President. However, with concern that the far-right Jean-Marie Le Pen would be the oldest member (rather than De Mita) the rules were changed to give this role to the outgoing President.[7]

Groups[8]
Group Seats
Inauguration 5 March 2010
  European People's Party 265 265
  Socialists and Democrats 184 184
  Liberals and Democrats 84 85 3
  Greens/European Free Alliance 55 55
  Conservatives and Reformists 55 54 1
  European United Left – Nordic Green Left 35 35
  Europe of Freedom and Democracy 32 30 2,4
  Non-attached 26 28

1 Edward McMillan-Scott was expelled from the Conservative Party on 15 September 2009;[9]
2 Nikki Sinclaire was expelled from the UK Independence Party on 4 March 2010.[10]
3 Edward McMillan-Scott joined Liberal Democrats on 12 March 2010.[11]

4 Mike Nattrass left UK Independence Party on 23 June 2010.[12]

Apportionment
State Seats State Seats
Germany 99 France 72
UK 72 Italy 72
Spain 50 Poland 50
Romania 33 Netherlands 25
Greece 22 Portugal 22
Belgium 22 Czech Republic 22
Hungary 22 Sweden 18
Austria 17 Bulgaria 17
Denmark 13 Slovakia 13
Finland 13 Ireland 12
Lithuania 12 Latvia 8
Slovenia 7 Estonia 6
Cyprus 6 Luxembourg 6
Malta 5 Total 736

Secretariat

Office Post Name Source
Office of the Secretary-GeneralSecretary-General of the European Parliament Klaus Welle
Legal ServiceJurisconsult of the European Parliament Christian Pennera
Directorate-General for the PresidencyDirector-General Francesca Ratti
Directorate-General for Internal Policies of the UnionDirector-General Riccardo Ribera d'Alcala
Directorate-General for External Policies of the UnionDirector-General Luis Marco Aguiriano Nalda
Directorate-General for CommunicationDirector-General Juana Lahousse-Juarez
Directorate-General for PersonnelDirector-General Yves Quittin
Directorate-General for Infrastructure and LogisticsDirector-General Constantin Stratigakis
Directorate-General for TranslationDirector-General?
Directorate-General for Interpretation and ConferencesDirector-General?
Directorate-General for FinanceDirector-General?

See also

Elections

Membership lists

Notes

  1. The Treaties of Rome and Treaty of Maastricht as amended by the Treaty of Nice and all preceding amending treaties.
  2. The Treaties of Rome and Treaty of Maastricht as amended by the Treaty of Lisbon and all preceding amending treaties.
  3. 1 2 3 Edward MacMillan-Scott, standing in opposition to the policy of the ECR and his national party, the Conservatives, was expelled from the group.
  4. Independents, not a group

References

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