Savski Venac

Savski Venac
Савски Венац
Municipality

Coat of arms

Location of Savski Venac within the city of Belgrade
Country  Serbia
City Belgrade
Status Municipality
Settlements 1
Government
  Type Municipality of Belgrade
  Mun. president Irena Vujović (SNS)
Area
  Total 14.09 km2 (5.44 sq mi)
Population (2011)
  Total 39,122
  Density 2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11000
Area code(s) +381(0)11
Car plates BG
Website www.savskivenac.rs

Savski Venac (Serbian Cyrillic: Савски Венац, pronounced [sâːv̞skiː v̞ě̞ːnat͡s]) is a municipality of the city of Belgrade. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has a population of 39,122 inhabitants.

It is one of the three municipalities which constitute the very center of Belgrade, together with Stari Grad and Vračar.[1]

Savski Venac is located on the right bank of the Sava river. It stretches in the north-south direction for 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) (from downtown Belgrade, just 200 meters (660 ft) from Terazije, to Banjica) and east-west direction for 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) (from Senjak and the Sava bank to Autokomanda). It borders the municipalities of Stari Grad to the north, Vračar to the north-east, Voždovac to the east, Rakovica to the south and Čukarica to the west.

History and name

While Savski Venac and Stari Grad are often styled the oldest municipalities of Belgrade due to their inclusion of the oldest sections of urban Belgrade outside the walls of the Kalemegdan fortress, they are actually the most recently created municipalities of Belgrade. Both were formed in 1957 by merger of older, smaller municipalities; Savski Venac was formed in by merger of the municipalities of Zapadni Vračar (its main predecessor) and Topčidersko Brdo and a new, geographical name, Savski Venac, was coined for it.

(Venac is usually used in Belgrade's geography in term of a round street (Obilićev Venac, Kosančićev Venac) or a rim of the river (Dunavski Venac). In this case it was the "rim of the Sava".)

Geography

With an area of 14 square kilometers (5.4 sq mi), Savski Venac is the third smallest municipality of Belgrade after Vračar and Stari Grad. Despite being small in area, it includes several diverse geographical features:

  • the low section on the right bank of the Sava river (Savamala and Bara Venecija). Due to its low altitude toward the Sava, and lack of any protection, this is the only part of central urban area of Belgrade that gets flooded during the extremely high waters of the river. It was almost completely flooded in 1984 and during major floods in 2006.
  • southern slopes of the hill of Terazije (Terazijska Terasa) which descends from downtown Belgrade to the Sava.
  • entire western slope of the Vračar Hill (Karađorđev Park and former Zapadni Vračar) which also descends to the Sava.
  • the former valley of the stream od Mokroluški Potok, now conducted underground. It is a route to the modern highway and the new railstation of Prokop.
  • the hill of Topčidersko Brdo which has a cliff-like edge above the Sava (Senjak).
  • the hill of Banjica in the extreme south of the municipality.
  • the upper valley of Topčiderska reka and the vast park-forest of Topčider.

Neighborhoods

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194854,067    
195365,366+3.87%
196174,971+1.73%
197163,531−1.64%
198153,374−1.73%
199147,682−1.12%
200242,505−1.04%
201139,122−0.92%
Source: [2]

According to the census of 2011, Savski Venac has a population of 39,122 inhabitants. As all the other central city municipalities, it has been depopulating for decades, however, it still remains one of the most densely populated: 2,445/km2 (6,330/sq mi) (4,686/km² or 12,136/sq mi back in 1961).

Ethnic structure

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[3]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs34,742
Yugoslavs394
Montenegrins369
Croats251
Romani237
Macedonians191
Muslims68
Slovenians58
Hungarians49
Russians44
Bosniaks38
Slovaks33
Romanians29
Bulgarians27
Albanians23
Germans21
Others2,548
Total39,122

Administration

Recent Presidents of the municipality (since 2000):

  • 2000–2004: Branislav Belić
  • 2004–2012: Tomislav Đorđević
  • 2012–2016: Dušan Dinčić
  • 2016–present: Irena Vujović

Economy

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[4]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing122
Mining1
Processing industry2,818
Distribution of power, gas and water74
Distribution of water and water waste management273
Construction1,846
Wholesale and retail, repair4,697
Traffic, storage and communication3,971
Hotels and restaurants1,955
Media and telecommunications3,246
Finance and insurance2,025
Property stock and charter309
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities4,148
Administrative and other services4,846
Administration and social assurance43,453
Education4,543
Healthcare and social work19,249
Art, leisure and recreation1,208
Other services866
Total99,651

Sport

Sportsko Selo ("Sport Village") – In the early 1970s a football pitch was built at the end of the Deligradska street, right above the highway. It was adapted into the Yugoslav People's Army Reserve Officers' Training Ground, but in the early 1990s the location was abandoned. The lot was left unattended and gradually turned into a rubbish dump. In 2009 a project for the ground was jointly drafted by the city and the municipality with the working title "Ada Ciganlija u malom". After two years of construction, the new complex was opened on 30 May 2011. It covers an area of 85 ares (91,000 square feet) and contains one volleyball, three basketball and four tennis courts, children playgrounds and a fitness plateau. There are also a futsal and bocce courts, outdoor gym, walking paths, rest areas, wooden ice-cream kiosk and a parking lot. The complex is situated in a wooded area and includes an amphitheater suitable for the theatrical performances in the open. Invited to choose the name for the complex between the originally proposed "Ada Ciganlija u malom" and "Sportsko Selo" which appeared during the construction, citizens picked the latter.[5][6]

Features

Savski Venac constitutes the western section of the downtown Belgrade. Most government offices and administrative buildings are located in the municipality, including:

Administration

Traffic



Savski venac railway map
3
1
2
to Beograd Donji grad
Čukarica
Savski venac
4
Beograd glavna
Topčider
Senjak tunnel
Savski venac
Rakovica
Beograd centar
Dedinje tunnel
Karađorđev park
to Košutnjak
5
  1. New Railroad Bridge
  2. Old Railroad Bridge
  3. New Belgrade /Čukarica | S.venac border
  4. S. venac \ Stari grad border
  5. S. venac / Vračar border

Economy and tourism

Health

Culture and education

Parks

See also

References

  1. Savski Venac - Official Profile in English
  2. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  3. "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  4. "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  5. "Sportski tereni umesto deponije", Politika (in Serbian), 18 May 2011
  6. M.S.M. (31 May 2011), "Od deponije - sportska oaza", Politika (in Serbian)

Coordinates: 44°41′N 20°24′E / 44.683°N 20.400°E / 44.683; 20.400

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