The passenger harbor of Savonlinna
Location of Savonlinna in Finland
|Coordinates: 61°52′05″N 028°53′10″E / 61.86806°N 28.88611°ECoordinates: 61°52′05″N 028°53′10″E / 61.86806°N 28.88611°E|
|• Town manager||Janne Laine|
|• Total||3,597.70 km2 (1,389.08 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,210.51 km2 (467.38 sq mi)|
|• Water||762.62 km2 (294.45 sq mi)|
|Area rank||27th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||31st largest in Finland|
|• Density||28.77/km2 (74.5/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||97.7% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||13.7%|
|• 15 to 64||64.5%|
|• 65 or older||21.8%|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Municipal tax rate||20.5%|
Savonlinna (Swedish: Nyslott) is a town and a municipality of 34,829 (31 August 2017) inhabitants in the southeast of Finland, in the heart of the Saimaa lake region. The Finnish name of the town means "Castle of Savonia" and the Swedish name means "New Castle".
The city was founded in 1639, based on Olavinlinna castle. The castle was founded by Erik Axelsson Tott in 1475 in an effort to protect Savonia and to control the unstable border between the Kingdom of Sweden and its Russian adversary. During the Russo-Swedish War (1741–1743), the castle was captured by Field-Marshal Peter Lacy. It was held by Russia between 1743 and 1812, when it was granted back to Finland as a part of the "Old Finland".
In 1973 the municipality of Sääminki was consolidated with Savonlinna. In the beginning of year 2009 the municipality of Savonranta and a 31.24 km2 (12.06 sq mi) land strip from Enonkoski between Savonlinna and Savonranta were consolidated with Savonlinna.
This town is 335 kilometres (208 mi) away from the capital of Helsinki by road, some four hours away by train. There is an airport in the town, and the journey to Helsinki takes 40–60 minutes by plane. It is built on a chain of islands located throughout a number of large lakes.
The University of Eastern Finland has a campus in Savonlinna, primarily for teacher education.
The city hosts the famous annual Savonlinna Opera Festival. The operas are performed on a stage built inside the castle. It also has hosted the Mobile Phone Throwing World Championships annually since 2000.
The ice hockey team of Savonlinna, SaPKo or Savonlinnan Pallokerho, is playing in the second tier Mestis. Notable ice hockey players and coaches from Savonlinna include Tuukka Rask (Stanley Cup and Vezina Trophy winner), Hannu Aravirta, Jarmo Myllys, Ville Leino, and Joonas Rask.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Savonlinna is twinned with:
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Savonlinnan ystävyyskaupungit". savonlinna.fi. Retrieved 26 April 2014.