Sangkong language

Native to China
Ethnicity Hani
Native speakers
1,500 (1995)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sgk
Glottolog sang1320[2]

Sangkong (Chinese: 桑孔; autonym: saŋ˥qʰoŋ˥) is a Loloish language spoken in China by the Hani people in Xiaojie Township 小街乡, Jinghong County. They are called Buxia (布夏) by the local Dai people (Li 2003).

Li (2003) covers the Sangkong dialect of Manwanwa village 曼宛洼寨, Menglong Town 勐龙镇, Jinghong County.[3] It may be the same as the Muda language. You Weiqiong (2013:172) reports that Buxia 布夏 (Sangkong 桑孔) is spoken in 7 villages of Menglong 勐龙. [4]

Sangkong uses a dichotomous verb pronominalization rule where ŋa and ʑe represent 1st and non-1st person marking, respectively.[5]


  1. Sangkong at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sangkong". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. You Weiqiong [尤伟琼]. 2013. Classifying ethnic groups of Yunnan [云南民族识别研究]. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House [民族出版社].
  5. Matisoff, James A. (1993). "Sangkong 桑孔 of Yunnan: Secondary "verb pronominalization" in Southern Loloish" (PDF). Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area. 16:2: 123–142 via Google Scholar.
  • Li, Yongsui. 2003. A study of Sangkong. Beijing: The Nationalities Press.
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