San Jose del Monte

San Jose del Monte
Component City
City of San Jose del Monte
Lungsod ng San Jose del Monte
(From top, left to right : Our Lady of Lourdes Grotto Shrine • San Lorenzo Ruiz Church • SM City SJDM • Ayala Altaraza • Mount Balagbag • Quirino Highway)

Nickname(s): SJDM
The Rising City
Motto(s): Arya San Joseño!

Map of Bulacan showing the location of San Jose del Monte
San Jose del Monte
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°48′50″N 121°02′43″E / 14.8139°N 121.0453°E / 14.8139; 121.0453Coordinates: 14°48′50″N 121°02′43″E / 14.8139°N 121.0453°E / 14.8139; 121.0453
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bulacan
Congressional district Lone District of San Jose del Monte
Founded March 2, 1752
Cityhood September 10, 2000
Lone congressional district December 18, 2003
Barangays 59
  Mayor Arthur Robes
  Vice Mayor Efren Bartolome Jr.
  Congresswoman Florida Robes [2]
  Total 105.53 km2 (40.75 sq mi)
Elevation 100 m (300 ft)
Highest elevation 784 m (2,572 ft)
Population (2015 census)[4]
  Total 574,089
  Density 5,400/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) San Joseños
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3023, 3024
IDD:area code +63(0)44
Economy [5] 1st Class
• Revenue (2017) PHP 1.657 billion
• Expenses (2017) PHP 1.107 billion
• Total Assets (2017) PHP 2.775 billion
Electricity Manila Electric Company
• Consumption 110.24 million kWh (2003)

San Jose del Monte, officially the City of San Jose del Monte (Filipino: Lungsod ng San Jose Del Monte) is a component city in the province of Bulacan in Central Luzon, Philippines.[6] Located in the south-east of the province, it is bordered by the cities of Caloocan and Quezon of Metro Manila in the south, by the town of Rodriguez, Rizal in the east, the towns of Santa Maria and Marilao in the west and Norzagaray in the north. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 574,089 people,[4] making it the largest local government unit within the province of Bulacan and the 18th most populated city in the Philippines.

The city is home to some of the biggest resettlement areas in the Philippines like the Sapang Palay resettlement area spread over 36 Barangays, Pabahay 2000 in Barangay Muzon and Towerville in Barangay Minuyan Proper. Most of the city's population come from former informal settlers along the creeks, esteros, riverbanks and railway tracks of Metro Manila.[7]


In March 1750, a decree from the Archbishop of Manila on the creation of new municipalities was announced in Lagulo Church in Meycauayan. The decree included the list of families who volunteered to be relocated. Where previously the only occupants were Itas and Dumagats, San Jose del Monte (SJDM) became a municipality as a result of reduccion from Meycauayan. These families brought with them rice, wine, nganga and salt from Lagulo (now Malhacan) in exchange for the wild pigs, deer, yantok and almasigan of the Itas and Dumagats. Solares, including intended lots for main roads, were peacefully distributed to the new occupants after being measured and surveyed.[8]

Early accounts on the founding of this town, as gathered from the old people, yielded information that it was formerly a part of the town of Meycauayan. The town reportedly got its name from Saint Joseph whose statue was found in a veritable forest; the hunters called it San Jose Del Monte. In all probability, the hunters reported their find to the parish priest of Meycauayan. It was said that the priest built a stone church at the site where the town proper is now located. The statue was installed in the new church. Extant Catholic Church records reveal that the first parish priest was Father Antonio de Moral. He took charge of the parish in 1845. The first town inhabitants came from Meycauayan.

The municipality of SJDM was founded on March 2, 1752. The population, not exceeding 200 people, belonged to the family of farmers and stonecutters of Libtong and Meycauayan. They lived a simple lifestyle and raised fish, root crops, vegetables, fruits and other natural products.[8]

During the revolt against Spain, the town became a battleground between the Katipuneros and the Spain forces. The revolutionaries lost and the vengeful Spanish soldiers burned down the settlement. The town people fled for their lives to nearby towns. At the advent of the American rule, it was made a part of Sta. Maria until 1918 when the town was created and Ciriaco Gallardo was appointed the first municipal president. Public schools were opened at the start of the American regime but due to the scarcity of the population, the highest grade organized was the fourth grade.

During the Japanese occupation, the town became an ideal hiding place of the local recognized guerrillas because of the town's hilly and wooden terrain. The Japanese Imperial Army took over the local government of San Jose del Monte from 1942-1943. In resistance, the municipality formed its own guerrilla unit. SJDM experienced many casualties when the Americans bombed the Poblacion on January 11, 1945 and again on January 14, 1945. The Municipal Building was burned by dissidents on October 10, 1950. When the combined Filipino and American troops were came, peace reigned but not for long. At the height of the Huk activity, the town was raided on October 10, 1950. The Huks burned down the town hall. The town was raided for the second time on March 21, 1951. The Huks did not succeed because of the precautionary measures instituted by the town officials. The Huks were gradually eliminated until the town became peaceful and progressive as we find it today.

On September 10, 2000, SJDM was proclaimed as a Component City under Republic Act No. 8797. It is said to be the largest town in the whole province of Bulacan in terms of land area and population. Also known as the “Balcony of the Metropolis”, it is the first City in the province of Bulacan and recorded as the 86th chartered city of the Philippines. On December 18, 2003, the City of San Jose became the 1st Lone Congressional District in Bulacan.[8]

It now basks in its glory for having wrested the "Guinness World Record for Largest Lantern Parade" during the 2nd Tanglawan Festival.

On July 27, 2018 the city of San Jose del Monte was awarded as a 2nd Placer at Gawad Kalasag 2018 City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management under Independent Component City Category.


San Jose del Monte is divided into two districts for representation purposes. It is politically subdivided into 59 barangays of which 23 barangays comprise the first district while 36 compose the second district.

No. Barangay District Postal code Population
growth rate
1Ciudad Real1st30231,9353,070-7.08%
2Dulong Bayan1st30235,4408,77434.71%
3Francisco Homes-Guijo1st30235,2425,6352.71%
4Francisco Homes-Mulawin1st30239,26311,88815.27%
5Francisco Homes-Narra1st30235,4257,26936.02%
6Francisco Homes-Yakal1st30232,8753,90315.79%
7Gaya-Gaya (dao)1st30237,14818,73738.51%
9Gumaoc - Central1st30232,7043,48426.11%
10Gumaoc - East1st30233,8545,23736.53%
11Gumaoc - West1st30235,2888,78535.89%
16Paradise III1st30232,1863,90747.35%
18Poblacion I1st30232,8824,11738.03%
19San Isidro1st30231,8113,36727.06%
20San Manuel1st30238,10714,12227.82%
21San Roque1st30231,0001,71131.90%
22Sto. Cristo1st302317,84033,40043.88%
23Tungkong Mangga1st30236,09719,49134.64%
24Minuyan I2nd30243,0793,80710.72%
25Minuyan II2nd30244,5326,1464.72%
26Minuyan III2nd30242,3273,32818.22%
27Minuyan IV2nd30243,4924,72224.03%
28Minuyan V2nd30242,5352,7249.75%
29Bagong Buhay I2nd30245,6216,88820.44%
30Bagong Buhay II2nd30243,5215,91019.31%
31Bagong Buhay III2nd30243,9034,75719.83%
32San Martin I2nd30243,2074,04925.54%
33San Martin II2nd30242,7713,41919.31%
34San Martin III2nd30242,6093,38213.91%
35San Martin IV2nd30242,9393,89428.10%
36Sta. Cruz I2nd30242,9972,4147.5%
37Sta. Cruz II2nd30242,7983,74410.51%
38Sta. Cruz III2nd30242,0582,43219.68%
39Sta. Cruz IV2nd30242,6232,70623.83%
40Sta. Cruz V2nd30243,1284,14316.78%
41Fatima I2nd30242,8503,0349.75%
42Fatima II2nd30241,7852,11611.82%
43Fatima III2nd30241,4611,86123.20%
44Fatima IV2nd30241,8372,29416.93%
45Fatima V2nd30242,0292,93733.91%
46San Pedro2nd302412,09614,83313%
48San Rafael I2nd30246,0809,41328.39%
49San Rafael II2nd30243,4573,699-1.91%
50San Rafael III2nd30243,1123,248-5.49%
51San Rafael IV2nd30245,3086,6952.60%
52San Rafael V2nd30242,5443,0919.87%
54Lawang Pare2nd30243,2644,28428.16%
55Sto. Niño I2nd30242,3633,068-1.02%
56Sto. Niño II2nd302428073,4783.06%
57St. Martin de Porres2nd30242,0502,77525.46%
58Sapang Palay Proper2nd30243,5765,53824.89%
59Minuyan Proper2nd30244,92826,300344.64%
60Sitio Puge puge2nd3024360.0001%

Of the 3,102 barangays in Region III, the largest in terms of population size is Muzon in the City of San Jose del Monte, Bulacan with 106,603 persons.[4]


The elevation of the city ranges from approximately 40–900 meters above sea level; the relief transitions from warm lowland to cool upland as one goes eastward. This is because the city is part of the Sierra Madre mountain range. Plains and river valley flats characterize the western and southwestern quadrant. The central portion and much of its eastern section is made up of undulating hills with low relief. High relief areas moderate slopes best describe its extreme eastern and northwestern quadrant. Slopes of 3%-8% are extensively found in the city, particularly on the western half. Slopes of 30%-50% comprise the smallest portion of the total land area.

The rivers and creeks that flow in San Jose del Monte are direct tributaries of Angat River, which flows from the Angat Reservoir. Major natural waterways of San Jose del Monte are the Kipungok, Sto. Cristo and Sta. Maria river systems. Kipungok River separates San Jose del Monte from Caloocan City and Quezon City. It is directly connected to Marilao River, which flows downwards to Manila bay. Draining to these rivers are creeks and streams, which act as catchment areas for the surface water runoff of the city. Among these are the Bigte, Kantulot, Katinga and Salamin creeks.[9]

General land use

Growing commercial, residential, and light industrial areas, are found all over the city at major road intersections and along major thoroughfares. However, the bulk of the San Jose del Monte’s built-up areas are mostly west of Quirino Highway at the primary level to gently sloping 8% terrain. Most of the city’s schools, government institutions, commercial developments, industries, and other urban amenities are in this section. The largest contiguous built-up area is at Sapang Palay Resettlement Project area, followed by the conurbation in Tungkong Mangga and Muzon.

A high-density commercial strips that follows the Quirino Highway (yellow line) divides the city into heavily built-up western section and the largely agricultural eastern section. The pattern can be seen in the land cover map.

The developments east of Quirino Highway are mostly scattered residential areas and agricultural lands. However, there are a few subdivisions that are some distance away from Ciudad Real and take advantage of its secluded and rural atmosphere. These are the Blessed Sacrament Seminary and an Augustinian convent.

The clusters of built-up land uses throughout the city are dominated by residential uses such as those associated with gated communities, socialized housing, and row houses. These clusters, with the built-up areas along primary and secondary transport corridors, produce an overall pattern of sprawl.

In between the built-up clusters are pockets of agricultural lands, which are continuously converted into built-up uses. Planted in these lands are crops such as rice and corn. The clustering pattern for both built-up and agricultural uses is partly due to the decisions made by settlers with regard to the hilly conditions that dominate the topography. Most of households in the western half of San Jose del Monte opted to convert their lands to residential uses while other maintained the farms. This left upland uses, such as those pertaining to forest use, more common towards the easternmost zones.

Most vegetative outgrowths are in difficult to build areas. But there are instances when these outgrowths are integrated in the built-up areas, usually found in the west: a number heavily vegetated areas. Supplementing these are mini forest projects of the city government. The City Agriculture Office maintains a 1.65-hectare Mini Forest Project in Barangay Muzon along the San Jose del Monte-Marilao Provincial Road and a mahogany planting site.[10]


Population census of
San Jose del Monte
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 1,378    
1918 3,141+5.65%
1939 5,826+2.99%
1948 5,363−0.92%
1960 9,329+4.72%
1970 18,704+7.19%
1975 59,021+25.92%
1980 90,732+8.98%
1990 142,047+4.59%
1995 201,394+6.76%
2000 315,807+10.12%
2007 439,090+4.65%
2010 454,553+1.27%
2015 574,089+4.55%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][11][12][13]

In the 2015 census, the population of San Jose del Monte was 574,089 people,[4] with a density of 5,400 inhabitants per square kilometre or 14,000 inhabitants per square mile. This makes it the largest local government unit in Bulacan province. It is also the largest city in Central Luzon (Region III).[14]

With the coming of settlers to San Jose Del Monte, its population increased tremendously. Its population increased dramatically since the 1950s as the population tended to move from rural areas to towns and cities. Its proximity to Manila allowed it to accommodate its spill over population. This is further hastened by the development of nearby Quezon City and the accompanying increase in population and infrastructure.

Forced relocation of informal settlers and the lure of government to provide them their own homes allowed the town to continue to grow despite the lack of government facilities then. As such, San Jose del Monte exhibited an increasing percentage share to the provincial population from as low as 2% in 1960 to 9% in 1990 and then to 17% in 2015. The town surpassed the population of Meycauayan in 1980 census and Malolos in the 1990 census, then the largest towns of Bulacan. By 2015, it has more than two times the population of the now second place Santa Maria town (256,454 people in the 2015 Census).

If current population growth holds (2010-2015, +4.55%), the population of San Jose del Monte is expected to double and breach one million by the 2030 Census.



Major agricultural crops are leafy vegetables, root crops (cassava as its OTOP), pineapple, mango and coffee beans.

Livestock and poultry

The major income earner is large- and small-scale swine production. There are 60 commercial livestock and poultry farms in the city. The major poultry producers are RFM, Vitarich and FELDAN.

A modern "Double AA" slaughterhouse started its operation in Pakulis, Bgy. Poblacion.

Trade and commerce

The city has three major business district growth areas: Tungkong Mangga, Muzon and Sapang Palay (Sampol). They are in wholesale and retail trade.

The minor business districts include Towerville in Minuyan Proper, Palmera in Kaypian, Northgate in Sto. Cristo, Citrus, Poblacion I, Grotto in Graceville, Francisco Homes, Gumaoc and San Rafael III.

Commercial and thrift banks, pawnshops and cooperatives provide financial services. Two major malls are in town: Starmall San Jose del Monte in Palmera and SM City San Jose del Monte in Tungkong Mangga.


The city has experienced increased revenues in the past few years. The P607,782,085.98 gross income surpassing the gross income of Meycauayan City and Malolos City (capital) reported by the city treasury office and Commission on Audit for the 2008 fiscal year represented an increase of 15.96% from the 524,135,505.09 total in 2007.

The income in 2008 was comparable to the major cities and municipalities in Bulacan, such as Meycauayan, Malolos, Baliuag, Santa Maria and Marilao.

City government

Like other cities in the Philippines, San Jose del Monte is governed by a mayor and vice mayor elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the city's departments in executing the city ordinances and improving public services. The vice mayor heads a legislative council consisting of 12 members 6 from District I and 6 from District II. The council is in charge of creating the city's policies.

San Jose del Monte, being a part of the Bulacan province, has its mayor in the city council headed the Area Integrated Development Authority (AIDA), AIDA is a special committee created during the term of then Mayor Eduardo V. Roquero, M.D. through an executive order to concentrate on the improvement of 3 highly commercialized areas such as, Tungkong Mangga, Muzon, and Sampol areas.. This council formulates development plans that seeks to solve the problems and improve the conditions in the metropolis.

The city is divided into 59 barangays, which handle governance in a much smaller area. These barangays are grouped into two districts and the city has Lone District, which is represented by a congressman in the country's House of Representatives.

The city aims to continuously provide its constituents with basic services such as social services, health services, economic services, environmental protection, tourism, peace and order, infrastructure and human resources development.

Current city officials (2016–2019)

Position Name Party
Mayor Arthur B. Robes Liberal Party / Arangkada San Joseño
Vice Mayor Efren Bartolome Liberal Party / Arangkada San Joseño
Representative Florida P. Robes Arangkada San Joseño
1st District
Councilors Richie Robes National Unity Party
Ryan Santos National Unity Party
Joey Abela Liberal Party / Arangkada San Joseño
Liezl Aguirre Abat National Unity Party
Glenn M. Villano National Unity Party
Noli D. Concepcion Liberal Party / Arangkada San Joseño
2nd District
Councilors Irene B. Del Rosario National Unity Party
Enrique "Jon Jon" A. Delos Santos, Jr. National Unity Party
Argel Joseph V. Drio National Unity Party
Eumir B. Samera National Unity Party
Reynaldo H. Policarpio National Unity Party
Ryan Elfa Liberal Party / Arangkada San Joseño
Ex-Officio Members
ABC President Noel B. Sagala1 (Barangay Sto. Cristo)
SK President Re-ann Mae Mendoza (Barangay Assumption)

^1 He replaced the former ABC President, Reynaldo Policarpio, who won as City Councilor of District II on July 1, 2013.

List of former municipal and city mayors

Municipal Mayors Term
Eduardo V. Roquero, M.D. 1988 - 1992
Reynaldo P. Villano 1992 - 1995
Eduardo V. Roquero, M.D. 1995 - 2000
City Mayors Term
Eduardo V. Roquero, M.D. 2000 – 2004
Angelito M. Sarmiento 2004 – 2007
Eduardo V. Roquero, M.D.[15] 2007 – 2009
Reynaldo S. San Pedro (Acting) 2009
Angelito M. Sarmiento[16][17] 2009 – 2010
Reynaldo S. San Pedro 2010 – 2016
Arthur B. Robes 2016 – Present


San Jose del Monte is part of and promotes "There is more fun in the Philippines" campaign Department of Tourism (Philippines).

Mount Balagbag and Kaytitinga Falls in Barangay San Isidro are the main tourist attractions in the city. A portion of the Angat Watershed Forest Reserve also extends to San Jose del Monte.

VS Orchids Farm (Sto. Cristo) is the biggest orchids nursery and ornamental plants farm in Bulacan (owned by Ms. Rolita Spowart, 3 Manila Seedling Bank Foundation, Quezon City)[18] Hundreds of orchids species are nurtured in this 1.8 hectares flora haven.[18]

There are a variety of resorts where people can choose from if they are after a quick escape from the busy streets of Metro Manila.


  • St. Joseph the Worker Parish Church[19]
  • Parokya ni San Pedro Apostol Church
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish Church
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila Parish
  • Our Lady of Lourdes Grotto Shrine
  • Madre Alessadra House of Prayer
  • Santo Rosario Sapang Palay Parish Church

San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila Parish Church

From 1986-2000, the Pleasant Hill community has been a sub-parish of St. Peter Parish, Tungkong Mangga under Rev. Fr. Manuel M. Manicad as the Parish Priest. On July 3, 2000, Rev. Fr. Mario Jose C. Ladra was appointed parish priest. On January 2004, some parish leaders and staff together with Fr. Mar prepared documents for the change of status of the parish from a quasi– parish to a full-fledged parish. Bishop Jose F. Oliveros, DD, Apostolic Administrator,Diocese of Malolos approved the request on January 27, 2004, Tuesday, the day when St. Joseph Healing Masses are held in honor of the parish’s Second Patron Saint. Immediately afterwards, the Canonical Establishment and Solemn Proclamation of the Parish of San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila was set on March 14, 2004. Rev. Fr. Mario Jose C. Ladra was likewise installed as its First Parish Priest.[20]

Our Lady of Lourdes Grotto Shrine

The six hectares Lourdes Shrine Complex[19] (Church and the Grotto of the Blessed Virgin Mary) with the 'Miracle Spring' is a popular Holy Week destination for Catholic devotees. Inaugurated on February 11, 1965, owner Anita Guidote-Guanzon decided to build the Grotto for she was cured of cancer upon her return from a pilgrimage to Lourdes, France, in 1961. The Grotto also features a Calvary Hill with life-size statues that depict the 14 Stations of the Cross, and a Rosary Hill with 155 giant concrete beads. The complex is now run by Marietta Guidote-Guanzon Picache vda. de Holmgren, Anita’s eldest child, after the matriarch died on March 31, 1990.It is an exact replica of the Lourdes Grotto in France[21][22][23][24][25]



The city is serviced by bus routes going to and from, among others, Sapang Palay, Baclaran district in Parañaque, Muntinlupa (Alabang), Taguig (FTI), Makati, Quiapo and Sta. Cruz districts in Manila, Novaliches district in Quezon City and the Ninoy Aquino International Airport or NAIA. Jeepney routes also ply the roads between the city and neighboring cities and towns in Metro Manila and Bulacan province.

San Jose del Monte's road network has a total length of 211.43 km. (not including the Bulacan-Rizal-Cavite Regional Expressway/BRMCREx). The following are the main arteries of San Jose del Monte's road network which link the 59 barangays with Metro Manila and the rest of Bulacan.


The bulk of the city's water requirement is being served by the City Water District, while some subdivisions have their own independent water supply system.


Power distribution is being undertaken by the Manila Electric Company (Meralco). The city hosts the biggest National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP) sub-station in the country in Barangay Dulong Bayan.


Landline telephone systems are provided by the Digitel, PLDT, BayanTel and Globelines.

Internet service is available through SmartBro, Digitel, PLDT myDSL and Globe Broadband.

Mobile telephone services are provided by Smart Communications, Globe Telecom and Sun Cellular.

Social services


The Ospital ng Lungsod ng San Jose del Monte, a public hospital, is managed and operated by the city government, with subsidy from the provincial government. Five rural health units and sub-centers service the immediate health care needs of the community.

Programs addressed by city health officials include campaign drives against dengue, rabies, malnutrition, and smoking in public. There is a drive for regular garbage collection .


There are 43 public schools offering elementary, secondary and 2 public college offering tertiary education.

The city has now its own school division in compliance with R.A. 8797.

Bulacan State University operates a branch in San Jose del Monte. The city has a polytechnic college (Bulacan Polytechnic College, commonly known as BPC),located in Barangay Graceville. The city is also home to Sto. Rosario Sapang Palay College, a Catholic School located in Sapang Palay, Siena College of San Jose in Graceville, First City Providential College in Francisco Homes, and La Concepcion College in Kaypian.

Social welfare

The city complies with R.A. 6972, requiring every barangay to have a daycare center; 71 daycare centers are operating in the city.

Aside from the social welfare service accessible through the local government, non-government organizations provide social services to the socially, economically and physically disadvantage sectors in the city.

Recreational facilities

The newest addition to the city's sport facility is a covered court with a seating capacity of 2,500. Commonly used for the City Government's Monday Program as well as the other activities, such as conventions, seminars and concerts.

The Cattle Creek Golf and Country Club is a favorite hub among retirees and business executives.

Protective services

The 65-man police force of San Jose del Monte is reinforced by other law enforcement groups such as the Bantay Bayan and local Barangay officials. The city Police Station maintains eight Kabayan Action Centers manned by officers acting as supervisors providing bond between police and community.

The fire station has five fire trucks to serve the city and other neighboring towns.


  1. "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  2. ""Congw.Florida Robes". Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine House of Representatives Official Website. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  3. "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. "Commission on Audit 2017 Report-CSJDM". Quezon City, Philippines: Commission on Audit (COA). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  6. NSCB - ActiveStats - PSGC Interactive - CITY: CITY OF SAN JOSE DEL MONTE
  7. Dino Balabo (August 8, 2013). "San Jose del Monte declares moratorium on relocation projects". The Philippine Star. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  8. 1 2 3 "History of San Jose Del Monte". City of San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines. Retrieved 30 June 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  9. "San Jose del Monte City Government (Geography)". San Jose del Monte City. Archived from the original on 2016-10-22.
  10. "San Jose del Monte City Government (Land Use)". San Jose del Monte City. Archived from the original on 2016-10-22.
  11. Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  13. "Province of Bulacan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  14. "Population of Region III - Central Luzon (Based on the 2015 Census of Population)". Philippine Statistics Authority. June 1, 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  15. Died during incumbency on August 24, 2009.
  16. The Philippine Star, "Bulacan mayor unseated"
  17. "Sarmiento is new mayor in Bulacan town" Archived 2011-08-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. 1 2
  19. 1 2
  22. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
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