Sallaans dialect

Sallaans
Native to Netherlands
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sdz
Glottolog sall1238[1]

Sallaans (Dutch: Sallands) is a collective term for the Dutch Low Saxon dialects of the region Salland, in the eastern Netherlands. A common term used by native speakers for their dialect, which is also used by Low Saxon speakers from other regions for their respective dialects, is plat or simply dialect. Yet another common usage is to refer to the language by the name of the local variety, where for instance Dal(f)sens would be the name for the Sallaans variety spoken in the village of Dalfsen. Sallands is more influenced by the Hollandse dialects than Twents or Achterhoeks. This influence is called the Hollandse expansie. For example, house is in Twente hoes but in Salland it is huus. The Hollandse dialects of the 17th century still had uu sounds in their vocabulary, and this uu sounds came in Sallands.

Some examples

Present tense

SallaansDutchEnglish
Ik loop(e)Ik loopI walk
Ie looptJij looptYou walk
Hee/hi'j / Zie/zi'j lup(t)Hij / Zij looptHe / she walks
Wie loopt / loop'nWij lopenWe walk
Jullie / Juulu loopt / loop'nJullie lopenYou walk (plural)
Zie loopt / loop'nZij lopenThey walk

Past tense

SallaansDutchEnglish
Ik liepeIk liepI walked
Ie liep'nJij liepYou walked
Hee / Zee liepHij / Zij liepHe / She walked
Wuu-lu liep'nWij liepenWe walked
Jullie / Juu-lu liep'nJullie liepenYou walked (plural)
Zie liep'nZij liepenThey walked

Plurals and diminutives

SallaansDutchEnglish
eene kommeeen komOne bowl
twee komm'ntwee kommenTwo bowls
SallaansDutchEnglish
een kömmegieeen kommetjeone little bowl
twee kömmegiestwee kommetjestwo little bowls

References

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sallands". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

Further reading

  • Nijen Twilhaar, Jan (1999), "Deventer", in Kruijsen, Joep; van der Sijs, Nicoline, Honderd Jaar Stadstaal (PDF), Uitgeverij Contact, pp. 59–73 
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