Sah (god)

Sah was "The father of the gods" which was a personification of modern Orion and Lepus Constellations.
Name in hieroglyphs
Symbol star
Consort Sopdet (star Sirius)
Offspring Sopdu

In Egyptian mythology, Sah was the "Father of the gods" that was in turn the anthropomorphic representation of a large egyptian constellation that today is represented by the modern myths of Orion and Lepus constellations[1] (but also borrowing stars from modern Eridanus, Monoceros and Columba constellations[2][3]), and therefore was the egyptian counterpart of the Babylonian "Good Shepherd of Anu" or "Loyal Shepherd of Heaven" (Sumerian: MULSIPA.ZI.AN.NA, Akkadian: šitaddaru). His consort was Sopdet, the goddess of star Sirius. As egyptian mythology unfolded more complex stories, Sah constellation began to be associated more with Osiris (specially Orion's belt stars) and together with Sopdet (Sirius) became some of the most important deities in Egypt.[4]

Sah was frequently mentioned as "the Father of Gods" in the Old Kingdom Pyramid texts. Pharaoh was thought to travel to Orion after his death.[4]


  1. Shaltout, Belmonte (August 1, 2005). "On the Orientation of Ancient Egyptian Temples: (1) Upper Egypt and Lower Nubia". Journal of the History of Astronomy. 36 (3). Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  2. Belmonte, J. A (2003). Ad astra per aspera et per ludum: European archeoastronomy and the orientation of monuments in the Mediterranean basin - A map of the ancient Egyptian firmament (by Maravelia, A.-A. (BAR International Series, 1154) ed.). Oxford. pp. 31–38.
  3. Belmonte, J.A (2003). Calendars, symbols and orientations: Legacies of astronomy in culture - The Ramesside star clocks and the ancient Egyptian constellations (Blomberg, M., Blomberg, P., Henrikson, G. (Stockholm, 2003) ed.).
  4. 1 2 Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003). The complete gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt. London: Thames & Hudson. p. 127. ISBN 0-500-05120-8.
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