Rye, New York

City of Rye
Jay Estate is the childhood home of American Founding Father John Jay.


Location in Westchester County and the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°58′52″N 73°41′02″W / 40.98111°N 73.68389°W / 40.98111; -73.68389Coordinates: 40°58′52″N 73°41′02″W / 40.98111°N 73.68389°W / 40.98111; -73.68389
Country United States
State New York
County Westchester
Incorporated (as a village) 1904[1]
Reincorporated (as a city) 1942[1]
  Type Council-Manager
  Mayor Josh Cohn (D)
  City Manager Marcus A. Serrano
  City Council
  Total 20.02 sq mi (51.86 km2)
  Land 5.85 sq mi (15.16 km2)
  Water 14.17 sq mi (36.70 km2)
Population (2010)
  Total 15,720
  Estimate (2016)[3] 15,980
  Density 2,729.76/sq mi (1,054.01/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 10580
Area code(s) 914
FIPS code 36-64309
Website http://www.ryeny.gov

Rye is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States. It is separate from the town of Rye, which has more land area than the city.[4] Rye city, formerly the village of Rye, was part of the town until it received its charter as a city in 1942. The population was 15,720 at the 2010 census.[5] Rye is the youngest city in New York state. No other city has been chartered anywhere in New York state since 1942.

Located in the city are two National Historic Landmarks: the Boston Post Road Historic District was designated a National Historic Landmark by the National Park Service in 1993; its centerpiece is the Jay Estate, the childhood home of John Jay, a Founding Father and the first Chief Justice of the United States.

Playland, a historic amusement park designated a National Historic Landmark in 1987, is also located in Rye. Playland features one of the oldest wooden roller coasters in the Northeast, the Dragon Coaster.

Of note are two 200-plus-year-old milestones labeled 24 and 25 on the Boston Post Road, oldest thoroughfare in the United States. The concept of mile markers to measure the distance from New York City was originated in 1763 by Benjamin Franklin during his term as Postmaster General. These sandstone markers likely date from 1802 when the Westchester Turnpike was configured. Rye is also home to a rare 1938 WPA mural by realist Guy Pene du Bois which is located within the city's Post Office lobby and titled "John Jay at His Home."


Rye was at one time a part of Fairfield County, Connecticut, which was a belonging of the Sachem Ponus, of the Ponus Wekuwuhm, Canaan Parish, and which was probably named for that chieftain, "Peningoe Neck".[6] The oldest house in the city, the Timothy Knapp House, is owned by the Rye Historical Society and dates in its original version to around 1667. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. The Historical Society also owns a former inn/tavern built in 1730, known today as the Square House, which it operates as a museum. George Washington stayed at the inn on two separate occasions, remarking favorably on his experience in his diaries.

Rye is also where American Founding Father John Jay grew up and where he is buried. The Jay Estate at 210 Boston Post Road is now the home of the not-for-profit organization the Jay Heritage Center.[7] The Center's mission is to restore and preserve the entire 23-acre property—buildings and landscape[8]—together with the 1838 Peter Augustus Jay House, which occupies the original site of the Jay family farm, "The Locusts." Restoration of the Jay mansion overlooking Long Island Sound is an official project of the Save America's Treasures Program. With its ornate composite Egyptian and Corinthian columns, and pedimented facade, the house is a textbook example of American Greek Revival architecture popularized before the Civil War and is noted for its many design elements influenced by Minard Lafever. The Jay Mansion is the oldest National Historic Landmark (NHL) structure in New York State with a geothermal heating and cooling system and the first in Westchester County to have such an energy efficient system. The Jay Heritage Center was recently designated a member site of the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area.[9] It is also listed on Westchester County's African American Heritage Trail.[10] John Jay was well known for advocating emancipation, serving as President of the New York Manumission Society and establishing the first African Free School.

Listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) are The Square House originally known as Widow Haviland's Tavern, listed in 1974, the United States Post Office - Rye, listed in 1989, the Rye Town Park-Bathing Complex and Oakland Beach, listed in 2003, the African Cemetery, listed in 2003, the Bird Homestead, listed in 2010, and The Rye Meeting House, listed in 2011.[11]

Rye is known for its amusement attraction, Rye Playland. This 279-acre theme park is owned and operated by Westchester County and includes rides, games, an indoor skating rink or Ice Casino, beach, a boardwalk, and concession stands. It is one of only two amusement parks in the country with National Historic Landmark status, the other one being Kennywood in Pennsylvania. It has been a popular destination since it first opened in 1928. Its wooden roller coaster, the Dragon Coaster, built in 1929, is one of the last roller coaster rides built by engineer Frederick Church that is still operating.[12] The Derby Racer, also built by Church, is one of only three rides of its kind remaining in the world. Glenn Close's and Ellen Latzen's characters ride the roller coaster in the 1980s thriller film, Fatal Attraction. Airplane Coaster, Church's most acclaimed coaster, was removed in 1957.[13] Playland is also the setting for several key scenes in the 1988 comedy film Big, starring Tom Hanks.


Historical population
Est. 201615,980[3]1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,720 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 84.8% White, 1.3% Black, <0.1% Native American, 5.9% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from some other race and 1.3% from two or more races. 6.5% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to The Washington Post, Rye is among the top 1% of Super Zips based on percentage of residents with college degrees and average household income.[15]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.0 square miles (52 km2), of which 5.9 sq mi (15 km2) is land and 14.2 sq mi (37 km2) is water.[4]


Rye is home to one Fortune 500 company, Jarden. It is home to The American Yacht Club, Westchester Country Club, Rye Golf Club, Rye Playland, The Apawamis Country Club, Manursing Island Club, Shenorock Shore Club, and the Coveleigh Club. GAMCO Investors, Inc., (formerly known as Gabelli Asset Management Company) is based in Rye.

Home Sales

In 2010, Coldwell Banker reported that Rye was the third-most expensive city in the country in which to buy a home.[16] The city of Rye was ranked ninth in the list of the top 10 places to live in New York State for 2014 according to the national online real estate brokerage Movoto.[17] In 2015, the magazine Forbes ranked Rye the most expensive town in Westchester County and the 78th most expensive place in the United States with a median sales price of $2,461,922.[18]


Rye is served by three public elementary schools: Osborn, Milton, and Midland.

Rye Middle School and Rye High School are part of the same campus, and the two buildings connect.

The Greenhaven neighborhood of the City of Rye is served by the Rye Neck School District. Rye Neck High School and Middle School are on one campus also located partially in the City of Rye.

Rye High School has been named a Gold Medal school and the 61st-best high school in the U.S., ninth-best in New York state, and best in New York state if test-in schools are disregarded, according to U.S. News & World Report's 2013 "Best High Schools". The annual Rye-Harrison football game has been played for more than 80 years and is a top high school football rivalry in Westchester County. The Rye team has won three recent New York state championships, two of those consecutively, and has defeated Harrison in 15 of the last 16 contests including two victories in 2015. Rye leads the all-time series with a record of 43–42–3.

Also located in Rye is the Rye Country Day School, a college preparatory school, as well as the School of the Holy Child, for girls, grades 5–12. The school was founded in 1904.[19] The Japanese Educational Institute of New York has its headquarters in Rye.[20][21]



The Rye train station provides commuter rail service to Grand Central Terminal in New York City or Stamford and New Haven-Union Station via the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line. The Bee-Line Bus System provides bus service to Rye on routes 13 and 61 with additional seasonal service to Rye Playland on routes 75 and 91.

Emergency services

Police Department

The City of Rye police department has 35 sworn-in officers and about six civil officers. They operate a fleet of Ford Crown Victorias, Chevrolet Tahoes, and one military-surplus truck used for emergency services. There is also one Toyota Prius for parking enforcement. This car can be seen parked on the shoulder at Rye High School in the morning helping students cross the street into the school parking lot. The Rye Auxiliary Police is an all-volunteer force that provides assistance when needed. Police officer are always first on scene to medical calls and can provide basic life support. The Westchester County Police also patrols several areas of Rye, such as Playland Park, and The Marshlands.

Fire Department

The City of Rye Fire Department is a combination department consisting of 100 volunteer firefighters (only 30 active) and 21 career firefighters of which 3 are on duty at all times. The department has two fire stations and man three engines, two ladders, two utility units, and three command vehicles. The Rye Fire Department responds to approximately 1,000 emergency calls annually.

Emergency Medical Services

Emergency medical service is provided by Port Chester-Rye-Rye Brook EMS at the Advanced Life Support Level (ALS). They are a combination agency with 50 members (30 paid EMTs, 15 paramedics and five volunteers). They operate five ALS ambulances and three paramedic flycars from their station in Port Chester.

Notable people

See also


  1. 1 2 https://www.osc.state.ny.us/localgov/pubs/fiscalprofiles/rye.pdf
  2. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. 1 2 "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  5. "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Rye city, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
  6. Selleck, Rev. Charles M. (1896). Norwalk. p. 371.
  7. http://www.jayheritagecenter.org
  8. Cary, Bill "Jay Gardens in Rye to Get $1.5 Million Makeover," The Journal News, February 27, 2015, http://www.lohud.com/story/money/real-estate/lohud-real-estate/2015/02/27/jay-gardens-rye-makeover/24061239/
  9. "Welcome to the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area". hudsonrivervalley.com.
  10. http://tourism.westchestergov.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=37&Itemid=
  11. "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 1/31/11 through 2/04/11. National Park Service. 2011-02-11.
  12. Futrell, Jim, Amusement Parks of New York, Stackpole Books, Pennsylvania, 2006
  13. Munch, Richard (1982). Harry G. Traver: Legends of Terror. Mentor, OH: Amusement Park Books, Inc. ISBN 0935408029.
  14. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. https://www.washingtonpost.com/sf/local/2013/11/09/washington-a-world-apart/
  16. "Top 10 most expensive real estate markets in the US". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
  17. "10 Best Places to Live in New York - Movoto". Movoto Blog.
  18. https://www.forbes.com/sites/betsyschiffman/2015/11-10/full-most-expensive-zip-codes-in-2015/4/
  19. "Mission". School of the Holy Child. Retrieved February 2016. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  20. "学校案内" (Archive). Japanese Educational Institute of New York (ニューヨーク日本人教育審議会). Retrieved on April 15, 2015. The names of the weekend schools as stated on the pages should be "The Japanese Weekend School of New York" and "The Japanese Weekend School of New Jersey" - note that the Japanese names between the day and weekend schools are different.
  21. 連絡先 (Archive). Japanese Educational Institute of New York (ニューヨーク日本人教育審議会). Retrieved on April 15, 2015. "150 Purchase Street, Suite 7, Rye, NY 10580 USA"
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