Romanian local elections, 2008

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Romania

Local elections were held in Romania on 1 June 2008, with a runoff for mayors on 15 June 2008.[1]

On 1 June where elected:

  • all the villages, communes, cities, and municipal cluncils (Local Councils, Romanian: Consilii Locale), and the Sectors Local Councils of Bucharest (Romanian: Consilii Locale de Sector)
  • the 41 County Councils (Romanian: Consilii Judeţene), and the Bucharest Municipal General Council (Romanian: Consiliul General Al Municipiului Bucureşti).
  • the 41 Presidents of the County Councils (Romanian: Preşedinţii Consiliilor Judeţene)
  • all the mayors (Romanian: Primarii)
    • of the villages, cities, and municipalities
    • of the Sectors of Bucharest (Romanian: Primarii de Sector)
    • The General Mayor of The Municipality of Bucharest (Romanian: Primarul General al Municipiului Bucureşti)

On 17 April 2008, the Social Democratic Party and the Conservative Party announced they would form a political alliance for these elections, the Alliance PSD+PC.[2] For the first time the presidents of the County Councils were elected directly by the people, and not by later negotiations inside the County Council; other notable characteristics included a substantial number of Roma candidates standing, as well as some representatives of the Romanian Orthodox Church.[3] Turnout was low, with fewer than half of the eligible voters turning out to vote; in most big cities, except for Constanţa (incumbent PSD member Radu Ştefan Mazăre won) and Cluj-Napoca (incumbent Democratic Liberal Party member Emil Boc won), the election was not decided in the first round; in Bucharest, PDL member Vasile Blaga and independent Sorin Oprescu (former member of the PSD) will meet in the run-off.[4]

Overall, both PD-L got 28.37%, PSD got 28.04%, PNL got 18.66%, and UDMR got 5,43% of the vote.[5][6]

First round

Mayors

The most notables victories ("TOP 10") are presented below:

Name Political Party City Percentage
Klaus JohannisFDGRSibiu83.2%
Florin CârciumaruPSDTârgu Jiu82.5%
Darius VâlcovPD-LSlatina81.07%
Gheorghe ŞtefanPD-LPiatra Neamţ79.3%
Liviu NegoiţăPD-LSector 3 (Bucharest)79.0%
Constantin HogeaPD-LTulcea73.4%
Tudor PendiucPSDPiteşti72.0%
Emil BocPD-LCluj-Napoca70.2%
George ScripcaruPD-LBraşov69.8%
Radu Ştefan MazărePSDConstanţa67.9%
Gheorghe FalcăPD-LArad67.6%

Local Councils

County Council Presidents

County Councils[8]

Runoff

The mayoral runoff was held in 1,441 local constituencies. Also, in the communes of Ştefăneşti and Vidra, in Ilfov County the first tour was repeated, due to the cancellation of the election held on 1 June in the two communes. If a runoff is needed for the mayor's election, it will be held on 24 June. A sentence regarding the cancellation of the electoral process in the commune of Iepureşti, Giurgiu is pending from the Central Electoral Bureau.

The independent and former Social Democratic Party member Sorin Oprescu won the election for mayor of Bucharest with 54% against Vasile Blaga from the president's Democratic Liberal Party.[9] Overall, Social Democratic Party won about a third of the mayors, while Democratic Liberal Party won slightly less.[10]

In Voineşti, a tiny town in northeastern Romania, the incumbent Social Democratic Party mayor Neculai Ivaşcu, who died on the election day, was nonetheless elected over his rival, Gheorghe Dobreanu of the National Liberal Party; however, the election commission declared the runner-up elected, but Social Democratic Party said they would appeal that decision.[11][12]

 Summary of the 1 June 2008 and 15 June 2008 Romanian local election results
Party County Councils
Presidents
Mayors Local Councils
seats (CL)
County Council
seats (CJ)
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Democratic Liberal Party
(Partidul Democrat Liberal)
2,243,144 28.17 14 2,964,948 33.58 908 2,356,584 27.70 11,129 2,416,014 28.92 458
Social Democratic Party
(Partidul Social Democrat)
2,234,465 28.06 17 2,717,490 30.77 1,138 2,268,271 26.67 12,137 2,337,102 27.97 452
National Liberal Party
(Partidul Naţional Liberal)
1,537,840 18.08 5 1,721,834 19.50 706 1,576,214 19.80 8,529 1,521,191 18.20 297
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania
(Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România)
419,028 5.26 4 378,413 4.28 184 404,657 4.75 2,195 429,329 5.13 89
Conservative Party
(Partidul Conservator)
263,200 3.30 224,182 2.53 47 315,825 3.71 1,398 277,492 3.32 16
New Generation Party
(Partidul Noua Generaţie - Creştin Democrat)
227,744 2.86 159,739 1.80 35 300,661 3.53 1,203 248,757 2.97 9
Greater Romania Party
(Partidul România Mare)
252,956 3.17 124,492 1.41 19 314,731 3.70 1,090 313,666 3.75 15
Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party
(Partidul Naţional Ţărănesc Creştin Democrat)
78,752 0.98 53,908 0.61 11 102,137 1.20 326 88,066 1.05 2
other parties 703,437 10.12 1 502,202 5.52 131 865,707 8.94 2,260 722,134 8,69 55
Total: 18,313,440 expected voters (turnout 49,38%) 7,960,566 100 41 8,829,208 100 3,179 8,504,787 100 40,297 8,353,751 100 1,393
Source: Central Electoral Bureau

Notable partial election

The legislature of the local authorities is of four years, for all the local authorities. If a local elected official cannot serve its term (death, incompatibility or resignation), he (or she) is replaced. The members of the Local Councils and County Councils are replaced by the next person on the list elected. For the Mayors and Presidents of the County Councils, elected on a two-round system, and first past the post respectively, no later than 90 days from the vacancy of the post the Government must announce the day the early election is called. The election is not called if the vacancy occurs in the last six months of the term. The newly elected Mayors and Presidents of the County Councils serve the rest of the term. The ad interim Mayors and Presidents of the County Councils are one of the Deputy-Mayors (elected by the Local Council, if the settlement has more than one Deputy-Mayor), and one of the Vice President of the County Council, elected by the County Council.

Cluj-Napoca

On 22 December 2008 Emil Boc was sworn in as Prime Minister of Romania. He resigned from the office of Mayor of Cluj-Napoca on 4 January 2009. The Government called for partial election in Cluj-Napoca on 15 February 2009. The three main competitors were the ad interim Mayor of Cluj-Napoca, Sorin Apostu (PD-L), former Cluj County Council President and current Senator Marius Nicoară (PNL), and former Cluj-Napoca Police commander, Teodor Pop-Puşcaş (PSD).

References

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