Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz

Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz
Archidioecesis Emeritensis Augustanus-Pacensis
Archidiócesis de Mérida-Badajoz
Location
Country Spain
Ecclesiastical province Mérida-Badajoz
Statistics
Area 17,405 km2 (6,720 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2004)
585,290
581,414 (99.3%)
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 1255 (As Diocese of Badajoz)
28 July 1994 (As Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz)
Cathedral Cathedral of St John the Baptist in Badajoz
Co-cathedral Co-Cathedral of Saint Mary Major, Mérida
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Celso Morga Iruzubieta (formerly, Coadjutor Archbishop until Thursday, May 21, 2015)[1][2]
Suffragans Diocese of Coria-Cáceres
Diocese of Plasencia
Emeritus Bishops Santiago García Aracil Archbishop Emeritus (retired in 2015) Antonio Montero Moreno Archbishop Emeritus (1994–2004)
Map
Website
Website of the Archdiocese

The diocese of Badajoz was a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Spain, created in 1255. In 1994 it became the Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz.[3][4]

History

The Diocese or Archdiocese of Mérida (dioecesis Emeritensis) was a Catholic and Arian see centred on the Spanish city of Mérida during the periods of Roman and Visigothic rule. Mérida was also the provincial capital of Lusitania.

The see prospered in the late 5th century under Zeno, a Greek, who was offered greater authority in order to defend the province from Suevic raids. At about that time the diocese fell under the control of the Visigoths and it remained a Visigothic see until the Moorish conquest of 711. Throughout that period, however, it only ever had two Gothic bishops: Masona and his successor Renovatus in the late sixth and early seventh centuries. In the mid-sixth century the see became the richest in Spain through the private wealth of bishops Paul and Fidelis, Greek uncle and nephew. Under these four, the city was ruled de facto by the bishops independent of the central government, a situation which led to conflict between the Arian king Leovigild and his bishop, Sunna.

The bishopric of Badajoz was erected in 1225, shortly after it was reconquered from the Moors by King Alfonso IX of León. Its first bishop was Don Pedro Perez, appointed by Alfonso X, the Wise. The diocese was suffragan to the archdiocese of Seville, and was bounded on the north by the diocese of Coria, diocese of Plasencia, and diocese of Toledo, on the east by Toledo, the diocese of Ciudad Real, and the diocese of Córdoba, on the south by the archdiocese of Seville, and on the west by Portugal.[5]

On July 28, 1994, Pope John Paul II established the Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz, making the Church of Saint John Baptist his metropolitan cathedral.[6]

Suffragan dioceses

Ordinaries

Diocese of Badajoz

Erected: 1255

Bishops before 1500

. . .
  • Bernardo (13 Jun 1300 Appointed – )
. . .
  • Juan García Palomeque (24 Oct 1354 – 4 Mar 1373 Appointed, Bishop of Osma)
. . .
. . .

1500s

1600s

1700s

  • Alfonso Rozado (19 Jul 1706 – 21 Dec 1706 Died)
  • Francisco Valero y Losa (7 Nov 1707 – 18 Mar 1715 Confirmed, Archbishop of Toledo)
  • Pedro Francisco Levanto Vivaldo (8 Jul 1715 – 2 Feb 1729 Died)
  • Amador Merino y Malaguillas (8 Feb 1730 – 29 Jan 1755 Died)
  • Manuel Pérez Minayo y Zumeda (21 Jul 1755 – 28 Nov 1779 Died)
  • Santiago Palmero Escada (11 Dec 1780 – 10 Dec 1781 Died)
  • Alonso de Solís Marroquín y Gragera, O.S. (17 Feb 1783 – 8 Feb 1797 Died)
  • Gabriel Álvarez de Faria y Sánchez Zarzosa (18 Dec 1797 – 11 Apr 1802 Died)

1800s

  • Mateo Delgado y Moreno (9 Aug 1802 – 16 Feb 1841 Died)
  • Francisco Javier Rodríguez y Obregón (17 Dec 1847 – 4 Jan 1853 Died)
  • Manuel Garcia Gil, O.P. (22 Dec 1853 – 23 Dec 1858 Appointed, Archbishop of Zaragoza)
  • Diego Mariano Alguacil y Rodríguez (23 Dec 1858 – 23 Dec 1861 Confirmed, Bishop of Vitoria)
  • Pantaleón Monserrat y Navarro (7 Apr 1862 – 1 Oct 1863 Appointed, Bishop of Barcelona)
  • Joaquín Hernández y Herrero (21 Dec 1863 – 25 Sep 1865 Confirmed, Bishop of Segorbe)
  • Fernando Ramírez y Vázquez (25 Sep 1865 – 14 Nov 1890 Died)
  • Francisco Sáenz de Urturi y Crespo, O.F.M. (1 Jun 1891 – 21 May 1894 Appointed, Archbishop of Santiago de Cuba)
  • Ramón Torrijos y Gómez (21 May 1894 – 16 Jan 1903 Died)

1900s

  • José Hevía y Campomanes, O.P. (25 Jun 1903 – 2 May 1904 Died)
  • Félix Soto y Mancera (14 Nov 1904 – 31 Jan 1910 Died)
  • Adolfo Pérez y Muñoz (18 Jul 1913 – 11 Jul 1920 Appointed, Bishop of Córdoba)
  • Ramón Pérez y Rodríguez (31 Aug 1920 – 7 Jan 1929 Appointed, Bishop of Spain, Military)
  • José Maria Alcaráz y Alenda (13 Mar 1930 – 22 Jul 1971 Died)
  • Doroteo Fernández y Fernández (22 Jul 1971 – 15 Jan 1979 Resigned)
  • Antonio Montero Moreno (3 May 1980 – 9 Jul 2004 Retired)

Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz

Elevated: 28 July 1994

  • Antonio Montero Moreno (3 May 1980 – 9 Jul 2004 Retired)
  • Santiago García Aracil (9 Jul 2004 – 21 May 2015 Retired)
  • Celso Morga Iruzubieta (21 May 2015 Succeeded – )

Auxiliary bishops

Notes

References

  • James, Edward (1980). Visigothic Spain: New Approaches. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-822543-1. 
  • Collins, Roger (2004). Visigothic Spain, 409–711. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0-631-18185-7. 
  • Collins, Roger (1992). "King Leovigild and the Conversion of the Visigoths". Law, Culture, and Regionalism in Early Medieval Spain. Great Yarmouth: Variorum. ISBN 0-86078-308-1.  Originally published in El Concilio III de Toledo: XIV Centenario, 589–1989. Toledo: Arzobispado de Toledo, 1991.
  • Thompson, E. A. (1969). The Goths in Spain. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-814271-4. 
  • Thompson, E. A. Romans and Barbarians: The Decline of the Western Empire. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1982. ISBN 0-299-08700-X.
  • Pope John Paul II (28 July 1994), "Constitutiones Apostolicae - Emeritensis Augustana-Pacensis" (PDF), Acta Apostolicae Sedis (in Latin), Vatican: Congregation for Bishops, 86: 936–937, Nova constituitur in Hispania Provincia ecclesiastica Emeritensis Augustana - Pacensis et Sedes ad Metropolitanae Ecclesiae statum attollitur .

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Badjoz". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 

Coordinates: 38°52′42″N 6°58′10″W / 38.8784°N 6.9695°W / 38.8784; -6.9695

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