Richard Hynes

Richard Hynes
Born Richard Olding Hynes
(1944-11-29) November 29, 1944[1]
Alma mater
Known for Study of cell adhesion and discovery of fibronectins
Awards
Scientific career
Fields Cell biology
Institutions Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Website hynes-lab.mit.edu

Richard Olding Hynes FRS (born 29 November 1944)[1] is a British biologist, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator,[2] and the Daniel K. Ludwig Professor for Cancer Research at the Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[3] His research focuses on cell adhesion and the interactions between cells and the extracellular matrix, with a particular interest in understanding molecular mechanisms of cancer metastasis.[3] He is well known as a co-discoverer of fibronectin molecules, a discovery that has been listed by Thomson Reuters ScienceWatch as a Nobel Prize candidate.[4]

Education

Hynes earned his B.A. in 1966 and M.A. in 1970 from the University of Cambridge, both in biochemistry. He received his Ph.D. in biology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1971. He worked as a postdoctoral fellow at the Imperial Cancer Research Fund from 1971 to 1974.[2][3][5]

Academic career

Hynes became a faculty member in the biology department at MIT in 1973 and was promoted to full professor in 1983. He was awarded Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator status in 1988. He served as the head of the biology department from 1989 to 1991 and as the director of the MIT Center for Cancer Research from 1991 to 2001, and became the Daniel K. Ludwig Professor for Cancer Research and affiliated with the Koch Institute in 1999. Since 2004 he has been an associate member of the Broad Institute.[5][6]

Hynes served as the president of the American Society for Cell Biology in 2000.[5] He has been a member of the Board of Governors of the Wellcome Trust since 2007.[7]

He has also published on public policy and participated in the development of United States research guidelines for stem cell research, particularly embryonic stem cells.[8]

Awards and honors

Hynes received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1982. He was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1987, a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1989, a member of the Institute of Medicine in 1995, and a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences in 1996.[5]

Hynes received the Gairdner Foundation International Award in 1997.[5] In 2007, the American Society for Cell Biology awarded Hynes and Zena Werb their most prestigious award, the E.B. Wilson Medal.[9]

References

  1. 1 2 HYNES, Prof. Richard Olding, Who's Who 2014, A & C Black, 2014; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014
  2. 1 2 "Richard O. Hynes, PhD". Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  3. 1 2 3 "Richard O. Hynes". The Koch Institute. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  4. Cowin, Pamela (2013). "Leaders in Cell Adhesion: An Interview with Richard Hynes, Pioneer of Cell–Matrix Interactions". Cell Communication & Adhesion. 20 (6): 139. doi:10.3109/15419061.2013.857662.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 "Richard O. Hynes: Curriculum Vitae" (PDF). Hynes Lab. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  6. "Richard O. Hynes". MIT Biology. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  7. "Professor Richard Hynes FRS". Wellcome Trust. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  8. "Public Policy on Stem Cells". Hynes Lab. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  9. "E.B. Wilson Medal". American Society for Cell Biology. Archived from the original on 17 August 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
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